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Papers of Elizabeth Jesser Reid (1789-1866)


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Reference PP40
Former reference RF/100-RF/106
Covering dates 1786-1885, [1938], 1965
Held by London University, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College
Extent 5 boxes or 0.05m3
Conditions of access Open to all registered users of the College Archives
Archival history The papers were transferred from the Bedford College Archives when the College merged with Royal Holloway in 1985.
Accruals Accruals are not expected
Creators Reid, Elizabeth Jesser (1789-1866) nee Sturch, Anti-slavery Activist and Founder of Bedford College
Arrangement The papers had been listed, file by file, as part of the 'reference' section of the Bedford College Archives (Ref. RF100-106). This listing expands upon that, but has divided the material collected by the college (probably mainly for the history published in 1939) from Mrs Reid's own papers. The 'miscellaneous' correspondence has been divided into letters to EJR and letters to others, each file now listed in alphabetical order of correspondent. Items are still to be ordered by the old reference
Supplementary information A handlist available in the College Archives reading room expands upon the entry on Page 106 of the 'Catalogue of the Archives of Bedford College, University of London, 1849-1985' by Elizabeth Bennett and Claire Gobbi Daunton (1987)
Related information The College Archive contains the will of Elizabeth Jesser Reid (BC GB100/1/2); minutes of the Ladies Committee, 1849-1893 (BC GB121/1) and notes by the Lady Visitors, 1850-1851 (BC GB121/2); legal documents relating to the Reid Trustees, 1860-1931 (BC GB130); and a model of Mrs Reid, made as part of the Development Appeal, 1980 (BC RF174/2)
Bibliography

Administrative history:
Elizabeth Jesser Sturch was born on 25 December 1789 in London, daughter of William Sturch, a wealthy Unitarian ironmonger. In 1821 she married John Reid, M.D., author of 'Essay on hypochondriasis and other nervous affections' (1816). His father and brother had been hosiers in Leicester, but the family's roots appear to have been in Scotland, and Dr Reid had inherited land on the River Clyde at Glasgow which had become extremely valuable as the port grew in size. His death in July 1822 gave Mrs Reid an independent income with which she patronised various philanthropic causes. Active in liberal Unitarian circles, she was an anti-slavery activist, attending the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840 and taking a close interest in the American Civil War (1860-1865), and was in contact with leading figures in the revolutions in France and Germany in 1848, and the struggles for Italian independence. In 1849 she founded the 'Ladies College' in Bedford Square, London, which became Bedford College for Women. She died on 1st April 1866.

Contents:
Mrs Reid (EJR)'s papers include material inherited from her husband, Dr John Reid (d.1822), several files of correspondence and legal documents relating to the land inherited by Dr Reid from his brother, which throw light on the development of Glasgow's port in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and letters to and from members of Dr Reid's family, in some of which medical remedies are discussed. Dr Reid's brother, Matthew Reid, appears to have suffered from a condition which caused incontinence or urethral discharge. EJR's own papers largely comprise correspondence. Business correspondence with her solicitor, James Sowton, concerns the lease and purchase of properties in London, including in South Lambeth, Park Square, Cumberland Terrace and Grenville Street; and legal matters relating to Bedford College, such as the lease of the houses in Bedford Square and questions over the need for a licence from the Duke of Bedford for a school on the premises. A valuer's report for fixtures and fittings, 1855, mentioned in a former list of these papers, is now missing. There is one file relating to EJR's sponsorship of pupils at Ockham Industrial School in Surrey and elsewhere, 1859-1862. Personal correspondence, 1832-1865, includes a large number of letters from Eliza Bostock, Henry Crabb Robinson and Mary Clarke (Madame Julius Mohl), a dozen from Anna Brownell Jameson and single letters or small numbers from many other figures in the literary, liberal and feminist circles in which EJR moved, and from Bedford College alumnae. There are typescript extracts from letters from Harriet Martineau; the whereabouts of the originals are unknown. A separate file was found of letters from famous people [not all to EJR] including Florence Nightingale, William Makepeace Thackeray, Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Charles Dickens, and there is an autograph book containing parts of letters, 1834-1862. Material collected by Bedford College relating to the foundation of the College includes papers of Sophia Elizabeth de Morgan, Secretary of the Ladies Committee, 1848-9, typescript copies of extracts from the diary, 1840-1866, and correspondence, 1838-1866, of Henry Crabb Robinson, a copy of a letter, [1860], from Mrs Reid to Jane Martineau and Elizabeth Bostock giving instructions regarding the future of the College and the establishment of the Reid Trustees, and correspondence, 1965, about Dr John Reid. A volume relating to the fund for a memorial to EJR, 1884-1885, has also been added to the archive.



Legal documents pertaining to land at Broomielaw on the River Clyde, adjoining the wharf and harbour of Glasgow, inherited 1818 by Dr Reid from his brother.  PP40/1  [1812]-1821

Former reference: RF100/1

1 file

Copy wills and associated papers.  PP40/1/1  [1812]-1821

Former reference: RF100/1

1 file

Copy of the will, 1809, of Mary Reid of Leicester, widow, leaving to her son Matthew Reid houses and lands in Stockwell, Glasgow, and 3 shares in the Leicester Navigation, and to her trustees, Robert Brewin of Leicester, hosier, and Samuel Stone of Knighton, Leicestershire, gent, her house in Leicester Market Place, in the occupation of Matthews, druggist, and her personal estate, to sell, some of the proceeds to be invested to provide an income for her daughter Mary Reid, remainder to another daughter, Jennet the wife of Nathaniel Pearce, esq; the remainder to be paid to her second son John. With copy of codicil, 1812.  PP40/1/1/1  [1812?]

Former reference: RF100/1/1

2 documents

Letter from Robert Grahame giving details of the property to Richard Geldard, solicitor, including transcripts of leases, in 1805 to John Wright, gardener in Anderston, and in 1817 to Duncan MacArthur, engineer in Glasgow, and John MacArthur, ironmonger in Glasgow.  PP40/1/1/2  21 August 1818

Former reference: RF100/1/2

1 letter

Copy of the will, 1817, of Matthew Reid of Leicester, hosier, recording bequests to his brother-in-law Nathaniel Pearce of Radlive, Buckinghamshire, to William Reid Ewing (son of Andrew Ewing late of Glasgow), to the Trustees and Governors of the Leicester Infirmary, to his executors, John Worthington and Samuel Twamley, both of Leicester, and to his nephew Matthew Pearce, and leaving his property at Anderston, Glasgow, to his brother John Reid, Doctor of Physic. Includes copy of codicil, July 1818.  PP40/1/1/3  [1818]

Former reference: RF100/1/3

1 document

Solicitor's letters re the objection of Mr [Nathaniel] Pearce to Dr Reid's plans for payment of the legacy to Matthew Pearce.  PP40/1/1/4-5  November 1820

Former reference: RF100/1/4, RF101/2/9

2 letters

Accounts for legal services to Matthew Reid, senior, Matthew Reid, junior, and Dr [John] Reid, mainly pertaining to property in Anderston, Glasgow, but including document about disputed payment for cloth claimed to be faulty, bought from Matthew Reid, junior.  PP40/1/2  1786-1814

Former reference: RF100/2

1 file

Account for legal services, 1786-1789, from Thomas and Robert Grahame, writers, of Glasgow, to Matthew Reid, senior, and Matthew Reid, junior, hosiers, of Leicester, pertaining to land at Anderstoun, Glasgow, inherited by Mr Reid, snr, from his brother Patrick, and sold to William Gillespie [in 1786?].  PP40/1/2/1  1789

Former reference: RF100/2/1

1 document

Account from James Grahame, writer to the signet, to Matthew Reid and his brothers and sisters and William Gillespie, merchant of Glasgow.  PP40/1/2/2  1789

Former reference: RF100/2/2

1 document

Account from James Grahame, writer to the signet, to Matthew Reid and others.  PP40/1/2/3  1790

Former reference: RF100/2/3

1 document

Account from Robert Grahame to Matthew Reid.  PP40/1/2/4  1793

Former reference: RF100/2/4

1 document

Account from Robert Grahame to Matthew Reid.  PP40/1/2/5  1795

Former reference: RF100/2/5

1 document

Account from William Dalzell, writer to the signet, to Robert Grahame.  PP40/1/2/6  1796

Former reference: RF100/2/6

1 document

Letter to Dr [John] Reid from Matthew Reid re payment of £108 16s 'due from myself and your mother', including detailed account.  PP40/1/2/7  17 August 1804

Former reference: RF100/2/7

1 letter

Account for services 1802-1805 from R Grahame and A Mitchell to Dr Reid, mainly re new lease to John Wright of the garden at Anderstoun.  PP40/1/2/8  1805

Former reference: RF100/2/8

1 document

Letter [to Matthew Reid?] from James Brown of Glasgow re selling a house. Attached: receipt for rent from 'Widow Craig', 11 Nov 1806.  PP40/1/2/9  17 March 1807

Former reference: RF100/2/9

1 letter with receipt

Letter from Thomas Scotland [of Edinburgh] to Matthew Reid, including copies of documents, re dispute between Reid and Alexander Mackenzie, merchant of Inverness, over cloth bought from Reid.  PP40/1/2/10  21 January 1814

Former reference: RF100/2/10

1 letter

Correspondence of John Reid, and of EJR as his heir.  PP40/2  1812-1832

Former reference: RF101/1-3

60 documents

Correspondence between John Reid and his brother Matthew Reid.  PP40/2/1  1816, 1818

Former reference: RF101/1/2-13

12 letters

Drafts of personal letters from John Reid.  PP40/2/2  [1821?]

Former reference: RF101/2/1-2

2 documents

Correspondence between John Reid and his uncle and aunt, Archibald and Isabella Smith of Jordanhill, and [great?] aunt, J Reid of Greenlaw.  PP40/2/3  1812-1821

Former reference: RF101/1/14-19, RF/101/2/3-7

11 letters

Letters received by John Reid consequent upon the death of his brother.  PP40/2/4  1818, 1821

Former reference: RF101/1/20-21, RF/101/2/8

3 letters

Letters from Robert Grahame, Reid's agent in Glasgow, about the Broomielaw property and about Reid's marriage settlement in 1820, with copy of a letter, 1791, (sender and recipient unnamed) which summarises legal disputes about the property throughout the 18th century, and 2 letters from William Smith of Glasgow Corporation.  PP40/2/5  1818-1825

Former reference: RF101/1/1, RF101/2/10-19, RF/101/3/1-21

31 letters

Copy of solicitor's directions to Dr Reid for signing the disposition in security in favour of the trustees in his marriage settlement.  PP40/2/6  [4 January 1821]

Former reference: RF100/1/5

1 document

EJR's business correspondence  PP40/3  1840-1862

Former reference: RF102/1-5

5 files

Contents:
These files contain correspondence and other papers about EJR's properties and her sponsorship of pupils at Ockham Industrial School. Correspondence about the College can be found among the personal correspondence (PP40/4).

Correspondence with her solicitor, James Sowton, and associated business letters, mainly re the maintenance and letting of properties in London, including in Cumberland Terrace, Grenville Street, Malcolm Place (on Clapham Road), Park Square and South Lambeth. The houses in Bedford Square, in which the Ladies College was based from 1849, are not mentioned until 1855.  PP40/3/1  1840-1861

Former reference: RF102/1-3

3 files


Related information: A letter from Sowton dated 18 January 1849 is in the personal correspondence (PP40/4/6/33).

Correspondence 1840-1845. Nos 42, 43 and 48 discuss the education of Mr Sowton's daughter, for which EJR has offered to pay.  PP40/3/1/1  1840-1845

Former reference: RF102/1

65 letters

Correspondence 1847-1852. Nos. 56 and 68 include comments on Mr Sowton's daughters' education.  PP40/3/1/2  1847-1852

Former reference: RF102/2

97 letters

Correspondence 1852-1861, including about No 47 Bedford Square, to be used as one of the College buildings.  PP40/3/1/3  1852-1861

Former reference: RF102/3

72 letters

Further papers re EJR's properties.  PP40/3/2  1846-[1858]

Former reference: RF102/4

21 documents

Letters from Thomas Chatfield Clarke of Cannon Street, re repairs to and maintenance of EJR's properties, including No 47 Bedford Place.  PP40/3/2/1  1855-1857

Former reference: RF102/4/1-16

16 letters

Letter from F M Sowton, EJR's cousin [and solicitor] re the house in Grenville Street.  PP40/3/2/2  [1858]

Former reference: RF102/4/17

1 letter

2 undated letters from James Sowton, one re 'sums received from Swaine's estate'.  PP40/3/2/3  [1840s-1850s]

Former reference: RF102/4/18-19

2 letters

Letter from W Hooper [tenant at South Lambeth] re repairs to the fence.  PP40/3/2/4  [1840s?]

Former reference: RF102/4/20

1 letter

Case for counsel re hailstone damage to the cottages in Malcolm Place.  PP40/3/2/5  5 August 1846

Former reference: RF102/4/21

1 document

Brief accounts, including 'expenditure on account of No 6 Grenville Street', 1849-1851, and receipts of rents for houses in Malcolm Place, York Terrace, Cumberland Terrace and Park Square [1849?].  PP40/3/2/6  [1849?], 1851

Former reference: RF102/4/22-24

3 documents

Papers relating to EJR's sponsorship of pupils at Ockham Industrial School, Ripley, Surrey, and elsewhere.  PP40/3/3  1857-1862

Former reference: RF102/5

22 documents

Prospectus for Ockham Industrial Schools for the Middle Classes, giving details of terms and fees  PP40/3/3/1  [1860]

Former reference: RF102/5/1

1 document

Letters from Alice Lushington [Headmistress of Ockham School].  PP40/3/3/2  [1857-1862]

Former reference: RF102/5/2-11

10 letters

Receipts for school fees paid by EJR for Charles, Albert and Elizabeth Dubery at Ockham School.  PP40/3/3/3  1860-1863

Former reference: RF102/5/12-15

4 documents

Letters to EJR from Albert and Elizabeth Dubery, and a drawing by Albert Dubery.  PP40/3/3/4  [1860, 1862?]

Former reference: RF102/5/16-18

3 documents

Receipts for school fees paid by EJR for Marian Krinski (or Krynnski) at W.C. Collegiate School, Southampton Row, London, 1861-1863, and by Mrs Howard for Elizabeth Riley at an unnamed school, [1860]  PP40/3/3/5  1860-1863

Former reference: RF102/5/19-22

4 documents

EJR's personal correspondence  PP40/4  1832-1865

Former reference: RF103/1, 2, 4, 7-13

8 files

Contents:
These files contain large numbers of letters from Eliza Bostock, Henry Crabb Robinson, and Mary Clarke (who married Julius von Mohl in 1847), discussing their families, mutual friends, society figures, literature, women's rights, and the various projects with which EJR was concerned. Mary Clarke was not involved with EJR's educational project, and her correspondence with EJR slackened off in the years of establishing the College, but there are advice and reports on the College in many of the letters from Miss Bostock and Mr Robinson. There also twelve letters from Anna Jameson, also on general topics, and three files of single or small batches of letters. Files PP40/4/6 & 7 were 'miscellaneous' letters - single items or small groups - found divided roughly into dated and undated items, but there was overlap between the files, and it has been possible to estimate a date for most items, so the division is now between letters written to EJR and those which seem to have been given to her for information. A letter from Thomas Uwins has been transferred to the separate file (PP40/4/8) containing letters from very well-known correspondents, in which there was already a note from him.

Letters from Elizabeth Anne (Eliza) Bostock  PP40/4/1  [1847?]-1865

Former reference: RF103/1-2

2 files

Contents:
Eliza Bostock [EAB]was one of EJR's staunchest supporters in the venture of setting up Bedford College, and was one of the original Trustees of the Reid Trust. She was the daughter of a dependent mother, and was unable to devote as much time to College business as she wished to, so her letters tend to report on her social and family news more than on College affairs. The letters are written from her London home (34 Clarges Street until 1855, 5 Ulster Terrace thereafter until her mother's death in 1863), from the home of her aunts, Misses Maria and Ellen Yates (the Dingle, Farmfield, near Liverpool), and houses of other relations, and from lodging houses on her frequent excursions with her mother or with friends, including Kate Roget whom she supported through a depressive illness. Very few of the letters are fully dated, so this attempt to put them into chronological order is not necessarily authoritative. The letters have been left in the files as found. A few surviving envelopes had unfortunately been separated from the letters to which they pertain. At some time [for Margaret Tuke's 1939 history of the College?], suggested dates have been written in pencil on the letters, but these are not always accurate.

Letter from Farmfield reporting that she and her mother are undecided about where to live [after her father's death]. They have been visiting the Lake District, and called on Miss [Harriet] Martineau, where the conversation was 'entirely mesmeric'. EAB declares herself unable to believe in clairvoyance. She asks whether EJR has heard of 'the new agent which has been employed for suspending sensation [chloroform]' She recommends George Sand's 'Consuelo', although 'the wildest book, & a good deal of it I dislike'. [Ralph Waldo] Emerson has been lecturing [in Liverpool], and EAB also recommends him: 'very striking, both in appearance, & in matter, but the American manner is so strong as to be very disagreeable'. All classes are suffering from the 'bad times'.  PP40/4/1/1  25 November [1847?]

Former reference: RF103/1/13

1 letter

Letter from Hafod[iness?], Wales, thanking EJR for her account of Kate [Roget]. She reports that she enjoyed her stay in Dolgelley [Dolgellau] and Snowdonia, and is now a guest of Mr Sandbach 'in as wild and remote a situation as can be imagined'. She is looking forward to the opening of 'the Liverpool chapel' [Hope Street Church].  PP40/4/1/2  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/1/33

1 letter

Letter from Farmfield describing the opening of [Hope Street Church], and reporting that Mr [Henry] Solly was delighted with Mr [A.J.] Scott's introductory lecture at Bedford Square College.  PP40/4/1/3  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/1/6

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street describing a visit to the Rogets. They are worried that John Roget has offended EJR. EAB reports that Mrs [Susan Aikin] Brodribb was chosen [as Lady Visitor to the College].  PP40/4/1/4  10 December [1849]

Former reference: RF103/1/7

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street expressing her delight that 'all has turned out right at last' about John Roget, and reporting that she has entered a drawing class under the superintendance of Mr Armytage and feels almost 'traitor to you & Mr Cary'.  PP40/4/1/5  [December 1849]

Former reference: RF103/1/12

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street reporting that Dr Bright has advised a change for Kate Roget. Dr [Peter] Roget trying to find a family with whom to place her. EAB also reports on a visit to Miss Kingston to check her suitability [as matron?] She is uneasy at what she has heard about 'Mr Newman's book' [F.W. Newman's 'Phases of Faith'].  PP40/4/1/6  [1850]

Former reference: RF103/2/41

1 letter

Note from Clarges Street arranging a visit.  PP40/4/1/7  24 June [1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/10

1 letter

Letter from Tourin, Waterford, Ireland, home of EAB's cousins Richard and Fanny Musgrave, describing the journey from Holyhead. Lacks last page.  PP40/4/1/8  7 July [1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/37

1 letter

Letter from Tourin, Waterford, Ireland, observing, as the weather turns bad and potato blight threatens, the poverty of all classes in Ireland. 'The people none of them seem to have any idea that Time is a possession to be used & made money of'. She advises EJR not to visit Ireland: 'The social and physical evils of this luckless country would oppress you too much'. She expresses surprise at the choice of Mr Shaen [for the Council of Bedford College?]: 'I think considering our doubtful orthodoxy it was a pity to choose a Jewess & a Unitarian (formerly, if not still, a Chartist) to be our representatives'. The thoughts of 'Mr Newman's book' are 'oppressive'.  PP40/4/1/9  [1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/40

1 letter

Letter from Killarney, Ireland, arguing that 'there is reason in [Kate Roget's] present state of mind, but also some desease'.The difficulty with EJR's suggestion for her is 'to find a clergyman' who will not 'perplex her with arguments as to Church discipline doctrine &c &c'. EAB cannot think W[illiam] Shaen quite a suitable person' for the College, but she promises to 'do all I can in writing about the College'. Prevented by the weather from seeing the 'far famed lakes' of Killarney, she has 'no wish to travel further in this wretched country, to see decayed potato stalks & hunger stricken creatures. It is an awful thing to see the social revolution going on...'  PP40/4/1/10  [1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/1

1 letter

Letter from Farmfield reporting that she contracted an illness in Killarney, and had to stay for more than a fortnight in Dublin, where her brother's friend Dr Gordon of the 57th Regiment looked after her.  PP40/4/1/11  3 September [1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/4

1 letter

Letter from West Dingle, Liverpool, reporting that she is recovering well, but is not well enough to return to London and attend Dr [Francis] Cary's classes. She considers that 'Dr [James] Booth's neglect' accounts for the decline in entrants to the College, and advises EJR not to depend upon him. She has been staying with the recently widowed Robert Philips [Phillips], whose late wife was Annie Yates.  PP40/4/1/12  [October? 1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/11

1 letter

Letter from Farmfield, wishing that she could visit Mrs Partridge, who has had an accident, and giving news that Kate Roget is much better, but her family is anxious to avoid a relapse. EAB feels that their house should 'be cleared of Miss Spower [the governess?] before Kate returns'. She wishes to know news of the College: whether Mr [Augustus] De Morgan will be teaching a class. She has heard [James] Martineau preach a 'magnificent' sermon: 'He is certainly come out with fresh power & beauty since his return from Germany'.  PP40/4/1/13  [1850]

Former reference: RF103/1/5

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street giving advice about the College: writing to E. Thompson about Mrs Mackenzie would be quite useless: 'When people have 10,000 a year they wish to make good connections for their children & the little dissenting protégées would not be chosen for bosom friends'. She warns that 'your scheme of raising contributions from gentlemen will only make them dislike us' and advises 'let the College work its way quietly'.  PP40/4/1/14  [1850?]

Former reference: RF103/1/8

1 letter

Letter from Gaywood Rectory, Lynn, Norfolk, where EAB was a guest of Mr Hulton, suggesting that Mrs James Mylne could be approached [as a Lady Visitor] for the College, and that 'Mr Murdie' could keep some copies of the Prospectus on the counter of his shop in King Street, Bloomsbury Square, to publicise it. A cousin of Jane Hulton's is staying: 'so ignorant she has not yet found out there is anything to learn'. EAB thinks 'David Copperfield''would make EJR unhappy, although 'parts of it are beautiful'.  PP40/4/1/15  8 August [1851?]

Former reference: RF103/1/30

1 letter

Letter from Gaywood Rectory, Lynn, Norfolk, arranging to meet EJR at a festival in Birmingham, and reporting that a grand fete at Uncle Richard [Yates?]'s park at Liverpool raised £10,000 for their hospital.  PP40/4/1/16  21 August [1851?]

Former reference: RF103/1/68

1 letter

Letter from Llandudno, where EAB is recovering from illness, but well enough to scramble about on the Great Orme and the Little Orme, although 'Mother is by no means as strong & active as she used to be'. Other companions are the Lawrence family of Balsall Heath, Mr & Mrs Charles Potts of Chester and the Peytons from Birmingham She reports that the Miss Ronalds think Miss Rachel Martineau's school & Mr J Martineau's instruction 'superior to everything else'. EJR should not be surprised that others are not as enthusiastic as she is 'about young ladies & their mental requirements'. Her aunts, for example, are 'full of their Harrington school, their government examiners, gallery classes, &c., &c.'. The College 'must stand on its own merits', and she should also not let her offers of paying for pupils become widely known, lest it be seen as a 'benevolent institution'. EAB deplores the 'terrible disadvantage that Mr Newman's conduct was to us'.  PP40/4/1/17  [1852?]

Former reference: RF103/1/15

1 letter

Letter from The Shrubbery [Uncle Richard Yates's house?] apologising for her seemingly harsh words about the College, but worried that EJR was 'quite worn out last spring' and allowed herself no rest when in Malvern. She reports that EJR's scheme for helping Unitarian Ministers was received enthusiastically by EAB's aunts.  PP40/4/1/18  [1852?]

Former reference: RF103/1/16

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street apologising that for being 'less & less able to absent myself from home...I have been a sad truant at Bedford Square'. Her mother and Aunt Maria have both been unwell, and she is anxious about the [Crimean] war.  PP40/4/1/19  [1853?]

Former reference: RF103/1/41

1 letter

Letter from Lakefield [home of Mr R Ogden in the Lake District] reporting that 'I find from Miss Kingston that Mrs Bates declines being a visitor - I hope there may be no difficulties about Mrs Hodgson'.  PP40/4/1/20  22 July [1854?]

Former reference: RF103/1/9

1 letter

Letter from West Dingle, Liverpool 'surrounded by little cousins - Thompsons and Philipses'. She reports that she could not persuade the Ogdens 'to give me any drawings for your [Anti-slavery] bazaar', but he gave a 'beautiful composition to words of Dr Bowering(?)' She has met 'a most interesting young American', Mr Pons(?), 'full of the slavery question'.  PP40/4/1/21  [August 1854?]

Former reference: RF103/1/50

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street, in which EAB speculates that 'The condition of women will... be brought to a crisis... by these sewing machines, which will soon take from our women their almost only miserable occupation', and writes generally about women's rights: 'I should be glad to do the little in my power to raise some of my poor sisters. I think education the most satisfactory... ' She is unable to do as much as she would like because 'my Mother's 'happiness depends upon me', but she is trying to prepare herself for useful work 'by acquiring accurate business like ways, & knowledge... '  PP40/4/1/22  [August 1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/27

1 letter

Letter from Cliff Lodge, Sandown, Isle of Wight, describing the delights of Sandown, and reporting that she has had a 'slight attack of the prevailing complaint', which she treated with 'proper medicine' and brandy. She muses about her relationship with EJR: 'I feel as if I were still a girl when I am with you', and writes that she likes T[heodore] Parker's sermons: 'they remind me of Emerson's'  PP40/4/1/23  30 August [1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/19

1 letter

Letter from Cliff Lodge, Sandown, Isle of Wight, expressing her concerns about her brother [Surgeon J.A. Bostock] while cholera was 'raging' at Varna, and her anxiety now that the expedition is departing to the Crimea. She is staying in the house of Mr Wishaw, formerly Secretary of the Society of Arts. His daughters lack education, the oldest having left a school 'where she appears to have learnt but little, not even her own ignorance!'. EAB has hopes for the younger, and asks about the possiblity of her attending the College.  PP40/4/1/24  18 September [1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/20

1 letter

Letter from Cliff Lodge, Sandown, Isle of Wight, telling EJR that she wants to pay for 'one of your pupils there [Grenville St.]' to attend [Gottfried] Kinkel's course [History of Fine Art]. She recommends Baden Powell as a lecturer, and Dr Latham for English Language, and suggests having two auditors of accounts. They have had a letter from Ashton [her brother], disembarking at the Crimea, and 'I fear the army has since then had a period of hardship & danger'.  PP40/4/1/25  8 October [1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/32

1 letter

Letter from Cliff Lodge, Sandown, Isle of Wight, reporting that Ashton [her brother] has no time to write. There were 177 casuaties in his regiment [the Scots Guards at the Battle of Alma].  PP40/4/1/26  [October 1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/18

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle, Farmfield, reporting that her Aunt Maria [Yates] is a little annoyed that E. Martin [Elizabeth Martin, Bedford College pupil 1851-4?] contemplates declining the offer to be governess at Mrs Long's. EAB hopes that Charlotte Hodgson will be 'useful' as a councillor. She reports 'catastrophe' in the Lawford family - the John Lawfords are quite ruined. Reading a life of Madame de Guyon, she wishes that there were Protestant female orders to 'direct the energies now often wasted... '  PP40/4/1/27  9 December [1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/21

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle, Farmfield, reporting that Mme Mohl has requested a copy of EAB's father's unpublished translation of Pliny for M. Roulin. Her brother Ashton has written about 'the wretchedness of the camp [in the Crimea]'. EAB has met 'Mr Lascelles the astronomer' [William Lassel] and is awaiting bright nights to view Saturn through 'the great telescope'.  PP40/4/1/28  24 December [1854]

Former reference: RF103/1/22

1 letter

Letter from Thingwall Hall near Liverpool [home of her cousin Mrs Thompson], reporting that her brother Ashton has been ill on board a ship at Balaclava and gave a terrible description of the sufferings of the army. He is now at the camp again where he and fellow officers are building a house of mud and stones. EAB is glad to hear 'so good an account of the College'.  PP40/4/1/29  28 January 1855

Former reference: RF103/1/23

1 letter

Letter from 41 Bedford Square, Mrs Hodgson's house, giving her reaction [to being asked to be a trustee for the College?]: '[I] must not & will not refuse what seems to come before me as my highest duty...'  PP40/4/1/30  23 March 1855

Former reference: RF103/1/26

1 letter

Note to say that 'Miss Harford [Laura Herford?] can stay any night' [at the 'Home' in Grenville Street], and Miss Rankin agrees.  PP40/4/1/31  [c.1855?]

Former reference: RF103/1/75

1 letter

Letter [from the College] recommending that EJR state in full the title of Mr Tayler's lectures on Elementary principles of Morals as applied to the Duties & Pursuits of Women [ Rev. John James Tayler, Professor of Moral Philosophy 1854-5?], and that she should not circulate the syllabus in case people who do not attend the lectures will think Unitarianism is being taught at the College - 'you are in danger of sacrificing the rights of women to the rights of conscience'.  PP40/4/1/32  [1855?]

Former reference: RF103/1/17

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle asking EJR to write to Emily Taylor, who is worried about Edith Hunt, 'who she considers an excellent subject for further instruction'.  PP40/4/1/33  4 June [c. 1855?]

Former reference: RF103/1/79

1 letter

Letter from No 6 Grenville Street [the College 'Home'] worrying that 'On Wednesday... you appeared so ill, I fear you let the College troubles prey on your mind', and reporting pieces of College business: Mr B. Brown's lecture is fixed for Friday at two o'clock; on Monday the prospectus will be ready; Miss Rankin wants the two Miss Sterlings to come to the Home for a week from 23rd to 20th and they need to know the terms. It is EAB's opinion that the management of the fund for Ministers' daughters should be in distinct hands from those of the College, or 'we shall become still more Unitarian'.  PP40/4/1/34  [c. 1855?]

Former reference: RF103/1/29

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street reporting that her Uncle James [Yates] wrote to Mr Bowman about the English chair at Bedford Square College, and concluding that 'We shall be obliged to have a female Professor, Mrs Jameson to whit'. EAB comments on Tennyson's 'Maud', 'a ghastly story, most powerfully told', and 'The Brook', and recommends seeing Rosa Bonheur's picture ['The horse fair'?]. She reports that J[ane] M[artineau] recommends that EJR should not 'make any stir' about the lease of the house [47 Bedford Square]'.  PP40/4/1/35  [c. 1855?]

Former reference: RF103/1/28

1 letter

Letter from Clarges Street reporting that a planned trip to Paris with Uncle & Aunt James [Yates] has been postponed, so she has been to the Isle of Wight with her mother. Ashton [her brother] 'is now paying a round of visits to our Liverpool friends'.  PP40/4/1/36  30 August [1855]

Former reference: RF103/1/31

1 letter

Letter from The Shrubbery, Toxteth Park, Liverpool [Uncle Richard Yates's house?], a family gathering at which Robert Philips [Phillips] appeared 'in all his glory' as High Sheriff for Lancashire. EAB has read that a Ladies College is to be established in Bath by the Wesleyans and wishes to find about about their 'plans of education'.  PP40/4/1/37  28 August [1856]

Former reference: RF103/1/3

1 letter

Letter from The Shrubbery, [Uncle Richard Yates's house?] to Mrs Reid in Lynton, discussing Bedford College matters: Dr [John] Drew's resignation, 'most unfortunate at the present crisis of our affairs'. EAB suggests candidates for various vacancies including mathematics, and suggests combining mathematics and natural philosophy. She argues strongly against anti-slavery lectures being held at the College: 'The College is on the brink of ruin... the whole question of having female Colleges at all is a most precarious state', and the College should confine itself to keeping 'quietly at work in [its] own proper sphere'.  PP40/4/1/38  [1856]

Former reference: RF103/1/43

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace reporting an improvement in health and expressing a hope that 'you will choose Mr Mitchell [Rev Walter Mitchell, Professor of Mathematics and of Natural Philosophy 1856-7?]'. She feels 'full of hope and joy thinking of our work'.  PP40/4/1/39  [1856?]

Former reference: RF103/1/42

1 letter

Letter giving a report of a College Council meeting. Mr Darwin made a statement about the house [47 Bedford Square?] being held in trust by two persons and expressed confidence that the required sum would be raised. A committee was appointed of Mrs W[edgwood?], Mr D[arwin] & Jane Martineau. Last page missing.  PP40/4/1/40  [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/1/54

1 letter

Note from No 6 Grenville Street assuring EJR that there was no thought of her leaving the Council against her wishes. EAB had thought that 'you were rather pleased to be relieved for a time', but has now given in her own resignation.  PP40/4/1/41  [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/1/53

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace giving arguments for and against paying 'scholarships', and competition in education.  PP40/4/1/42  [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/1/58

1 letter

Letter from 5 Ulster Terrace reporting that Mr [Walter?] Mitchell visited re astronomy lectures, and 'Mr J.S. Baynes & Mr Alex Bain are both elected examiners of the London University'. Mr Scott is going to give 2 lectures at the Marlebone [Marylebone] Institute on the age of Dante. She believes that [Mrs Gaskell's] Life of Charlotte Bronte 'made you ill'.  PP40/4/1/43  [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/1/56

1 letter

Letter from 5 Ulster Terrace describing her journey back to London after leaving EJR 'on a hill in the clouds' [the Malvern Hills]. She is attending a wedding on Tuesday 'to be a grand affair'.  PP40/4/1/44  [5 September 1857?]

Former reference: RF103/1/57

1 letter

Letter from 5 Ulster Terrace commenting on government policy in the Indian Mutiny and Queen Victoria's 'bad policy... to let it appear that she is not wanted in any state emergency'. Ashton [her brother] says that Sir Colin Campbell is very popular in the army, but the report of Lord Dalhousie's generosity was a hoax. She suggests, to replace Miss Rankin in the 'Home' in Grenville Street 'Cannot you put up with Mrs Waring?' She reports on the wedding of Mary [Rucker?] to a Mr Owen (?), in a set which has been instrumental in producing 'enormous evils... in India', and she pronounces it wrong of Lord Palmerston to 'throw so much power into evangelical hands by all the late Church announcements'. [The two sheets of this letter were found in two locations - RF103/1/44 and RF103/1/67 - but are now united].  PP40/4/1/45  [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/1/44

1 letter

Letter from Mount Edgecombe House, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, where EAB is staying with her sister in law Harriet Bostock and her children Johnnie and Harriet. There are good reports of Aunt Maria [Yates].  PP40/4/1/46  8 April [c.1858?]

Former reference: RF103/1/24

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace reporting that she has had a feverish cold, so suggests that Miss Potticary [a cousin of EJR] undertakes EJR's commissions.  PP40/4/1/47  [c.1858?]

Former reference: RF103/1/25

1 letter

Note of apology for her inability to attend a party, since she was 'seeing an emigrant girl off from the London Docks'.  PP40/4/1/48  [c.1858?]

Former reference: RF103/1/64

1 letter

Letter from Hotel Byron near Villeneuve, Lake Geneva, Switzerland, reporting a 'delightful' stay in Chamonix. The party had wanted to see the Monte Rosa district, up the valley of Zermatt, but Mrs Hodgson became ill, so EAB went up with Mr Hodgson.  PP40/4/1/49  [August 1858?]

Former reference: RF103/2/38

1 letter

Letter from 5 Ulster Terrace reporting her return from Switzerland. The heat on the continent was intense and Mrs Hodgson was poorly. She also reports that Mrs[Anna] Jameson is far from well.  PP40/4/1/50  2 September [1858?]

Former reference: RF103/2/31

1 letter

Letter from No 6 Oriental Place, Brighton, where she has been with Susan Rucker, reporting that when they arrived 'there were 25 Ruckers in Brighton'. The town is full of 'noise, bustle & folly', and ladies 'flaunting about in such exhorbitant dresses & little hats called by Punch pork-pies' There is a school in Brighton for clergymen's daughters. She reports that her cousin Mary Thompson is engaged to be married to Mr Henry Bright.  PP40/4/1/51  [1859?]

Former reference: RF103/1/65

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace reporting that Annette Black's parents possibly mean to go to Italy and she seemed to think her sister Elizabeth would not go to the College EAB reports on progress of painters at 21 York Terrace and writes that 'Ellen Ambleside is charmed to hear we have [George] Macdonald at College'.  PP40/4/1/52  [1859]

Former reference: RF103/1/35

1 letter

Letter from Hanover Lodge, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, reporting that her mother is 'not better than she would have been at home'. She discusses EJR's wishes for the 'Home' in Grenville Street. She feels that they may have to start paying Miss Thomas, rather than accept her resignation, and feels there is nothing wrong with her wanting a latch-key.  PP40/4/1/53  17 August [1859]

Former reference: RF103/1/52

1 letter

Letter from Tunbridge Wells, Kent, reporting that 'Mother imagines the air of Tunbridge Wells is too bracing for her'. Her brother Ashton [J.A. Bostock] has been appointed Hon. Surgeon to the Queen. 'Dear old Mr [Philip] Le Breton' and his daughter are also in Tunbridge Wells. He is worried because the roof of the College was not finished before a recent thunderstorm. He says he cannot read novels: 'they excite him too much'. [Henry] Crabb Robinson got him to read 'Adam Bede', which made him cry. EAB has J.S Mill's 'Dissertations': 'he is as clear a thinker as Miss C. [Frances Power Cobbe]'  PP40/4/1/54  2 September [1859]

Former reference: RF103/1/51

1 letter

Letter from Thingwall Hall near Liverpool [home of her cousin Mrs Thompson], expressing regret that 'Numbers at Grenville St have fallen off from your expectations'. She warns that there is no chance of getting a science lecturer unless they are prepared to pay him 'much more than the regular 10s. per hour'. She comments that Spencer Hall in the 'Westminster [Review]' 'overestimates the value of sciences in education'.  PP40/4/1/55  [c.1859?]

Former reference: RF103/1/55

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace reporting that Ellen Smith 'wishes us to go to Oxford...now the University people are all away', and warning that the paper she sent to EJR was not intended for public circulation but to be distributed at the breaking up of the school and sent to members of the Board. Last page missing  PP40/4/1/56  [c.1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/80

1 letter

Letter reassuring EJR, who is anxious about deeds she's signed: She should place faith in Mr Clarkson's judgement and honesty. E.E. [Ellen] Smith wishes that a copy of the trust deed may be sent to Mr Stephen. EJR can lay down her burden, as Christian did in 'The Pilgrim's Progress', but 'I am that other unlucky fellow' who must take up the burden.  PP40/4/1/57  [1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/46

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace reporting that she has been looking after her nephews and nieces while another nephew is born [to her sister in law Harriet Bostock].  PP40/4/1/58  [August 1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/60

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace reporting that she is going to Hampstead for 2 or 3 weeks with her mother. She has been able to resume reading Mill's 'Logic', and is glad that Miss Potticary is to be with EJR at Bournemouth.  PP40/4/1/59  [August 1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/62

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace to EJR at Bournemouth to thank her for an explanation. EAB feels 'some weight of responsibility in the trust I have undertaken, but not too much to bear dutifully'.  PP40/4/1/60  [August 1860]

Former reference: RF103/1/61

1 letter

Letter from No 2 Upper Terrace, Hampstead, discussing 'Miss Martin's letter': 'as a nursery governess the daughter would be invaluable'.  PP40/4/1/61  [August 1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/63

1 letter

Letter from Hampstead to EJR at Bournemouth thanking her for an introduction to Miss Montgomery. EAB was not aware until her visit that 'Laura Herford has stormed the capital of arts'. She is enjoying Hampstead with children including Johnny [Bostock], and is reading Mill's '[System of] Logic'.  PP40/4/1/62  [August 1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/36

1 letter

Letter from Hampstead reporting that the maid is unwell, so they are all returning to Ulster Terrace. She has seen nobody and the only interest she can cultivate is her interest in Garibaldi, about whom she reads in the 'Times', but she is anxious to know the progress of Miss Benson's illness.  PP40/4/1/63  [August 1860?]

Former reference: RF103/1/66

1 letter

Note of apology for taking away EJR's copy of the 'Daily News' in her excitement at seeing in print her idea of ladies being employed in 'the schools inquiry' [Royal Commission on Popular Education?].  PP40/4/1/64  [1861?]

Former reference: RF103/2/40

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace to EJR in Brighton reporting that 'All last week my Mother was very ill' but has rallied surprisingly. One of the servants was also ill. EAB has attended a committee meeting at College about the new house [No 48 Bedford Square], but nothing positive could be settled in the absence of Miss [Frances?] Martin due to the death of Miss Bathust. She warns that Mr Sowton's account book shows debt to him of £100.  PP40/4/1/65  [June 1861?]

Former reference: RF103/1/47

1 letter

Part of a letter about the distribution and use of rooms at Nos. 47 and 48 Bedford Square. Lacks first page?  PP40/4/1/66  [1861]

Former reference: RF103/1/34

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace to EJR at Petworth reporting that Miss Barclay is 'much pleased with the new arrangements' at the College. EAB discusses distressing news from America: 'the conduct of the Northern Army [in the American Civil War] is of a piece with all the rest of the Northern doings...I despise the North, but I hate the South.'  PP40/4/1/67  7 August [1861]

Former reference: RF103/1/48

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace reporting that her mother is better, and 'Jane Martineau is working away as steadily as old Time making arrangements at Bedford Sq'.  PP40/4/1/68  [1861?]

Former reference: RF103/1/45

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace giving reports from the College: she had to send off a hasty note about 'the smell'; she has got a bookcase for the 'Library College No 48'; Miss Thomas has come back, and 'I hear of 13 pupils to board with her'; College begins on 13th.  PP40/4/1/69  [1861?]

Former reference: RF103/1/78

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace reporting an anxious time since returning from Eastbourne: her mother became worse, and it takes a lot of time looking after her. The new rooms at Bedford College 'look very nice'.  PP40/4/1/70  24 September [1861?]

Former reference: RF103/1/49

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria was 'so ill we thought the end had come'; that ''Mr Chapple is under a cloud here and... ladies must be cautious about visiting at his house'; and that Mr Wicksteed preached in Hope Street [Church, Liverpool].  PP40/4/1/71  7 January [1862?]

Former reference: RF103/2/5

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria was thought to be much better but is very poorly. EAB is going to spend a few days with the Charles Wicksteeds at their farm in the Vale of 'Clwyde' [Clwyd, Wales]. She comments 'How anxious the news from America. Hatred and antipathy of race is one of the most deadly of all passions'.  PP40/4/1/72  29 July [1862?]

Former reference: RF103/2/26

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that she has returned from Mr Wicksteed's farm in the Vale of Clwyd. Aunt Maria has been very poorly, but today is as well as usual, and there is shocking news [of Mr Chapple?]: Fanny C and her sister cannot remain under their father's roof.  PP40/4/1/73  [August 1862?]

Former reference: RF103/2/32

1 letter

Letter from Half Moon Street [London] discussing possiblities of gaining support for a Ladies College in Liverpool. EAB is reluctant to write to Mrs Rawdon and unsure of the sympathies of 'the more liberal clergy', such as Mr Hull, so she will apply to her cousin Elizabeth Thompson. She thinks Mr [William] Shaen is like St John in 'Jane Eyre'.  PP40/4/1/74  [1862?]

Former reference: RF103/2/2

1 letter

Letter from No 2 Northfield, Ilfracombe, Somerset, reporting on a holiday with Kate Roget. They stayed at Barnstaple until Wednesday afternoon, and have now been kindly received by Mrs Bencraft, who showed a letter from American ladies, sisters of Bayard Taylor, strongly anti-slavery. However, she considers Kate Roget's life there 'most irksome'.  PP40/4/1/75  [August 1862]

Former reference: RF103/1/73

1 letter

Letter from No 2 Northfield, Ilfracombe, Somerset. She hopes to take 'Katie' [Kate Roget] on an expedition to Mort Bay, and thinks the Roget household is in a better state than it had been for years, thanks to a new companion, Mrs Roe.  PP40/4/1/76  [August? 1862]

Former reference: RF103/1/71

1 letter

Letter from No 2 Northfield, Ilfracombe, Somerset. asking EJR whether she could invite her to Oatlands in the first week of September, since 'there is a great smell of painting in the Regents Park'.  PP40/4/1/77  [22 August 1862]

Former reference: RF103/1/77

1 letter

Letter from No 5 Ulster Terrace, reporting that she took her Uncle & Aunt James [Yates] and Maria Musgrave to the Great Exhibition and to the 'Loan Museum' at South Kensington and to Sir John Soane's Museum. There have been a great many enquiries for the College, and EAB has altered the sky light of the drawing class 'without saying a word to Mr [Francis] Cary'. The Library has been painted. Mr Partridge has set off 'to Garibaldi' and London is full of tourists.  PP40/4/1/78  21 September [1862]

Former reference: RF103/1/70

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace in a 'time of anxiety'. EB reports that J[ane] Martineau is working hard for the College. She comments upon the 'Belgravian Lament' [farce], and the ridiculous state of society - people who want to marry are too poor to do so, and people rich enough don't marry.  PP40/4/1/79  [1862?]

Former reference: RF103/2/34

1 letter

Pencilled note reporting that 'our College closed triumphantly this afternoon' and asking EJR whether she promised to introduce Henry Thompson to Wendell Phillips.  PP40/4/1/80  [c.1862?]

Former reference: RF103/1/72

1 letter

Note about accounts reminding EJR that she owes money to EAB.  PP40/4/1/81  [c.1862?]

Former reference: RF103/1/59

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria [Yates] is 'not as well as she was', and EAB cannot leave.  PP40/4/1/82  [c.1863?]

Former reference: RF103/2/3

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria's crisis 'appeared to be the close', but she has revived.  PP40/4/1/83  [c.1863?]

Former reference: RF103/2/23

1 letter

Note from Ulster Terrace explaining that she is too unwell to visit EJR. She is leaving Ulster Terrace [after her mother's death] to stay for 'a little while' at Lauderdale House [home of her uncle James Yates].  PP40/4/1/84  [c.1863?]

Former reference: RF103/1/74

1 letter

Letter from Ulster Terrace reporting that she has sprained her foot.  PP40/4/1/85  [c.1863?]

Former reference: RF103/1/39

1 letter

Letter from Lauderdale House, Highgate, reporting that her foot is much better.  PP40/4/1/86  [c.1863?]

Former reference: RF103/1/76

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that 'when first came here I could hardly endure being here' [due to associations with her mother?]. She longs 'to read Miss Cobbe... she is our tower of strength'.  PP40/4/1/87  13 June [1863]

Former reference: RF103/1/69

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria is very ill and EAB cannot be in London before Easter, but she has lodgings in Manchester Street. She has not heard anything from Mr Cremer about 'the boy Louch'  PP40/4/1/88  [c.1863?]

Former reference: RF103/2/29

1 letter

Letter from No 31 Manchester Street, announcing her arrival back in London [from The Dingle].  PP40/4/1/89  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/7

1 letter

Letter from No 31 Manchester Street, reporting that she has 'spent the greater part of two days' at College with Jane Martineau. There are many applications for admission to No 48 [Bedford Square].  PP40/4/1/90  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/6

1 letter

Letter from No 31 Manchester Street, reporting that she is unwell and would like to leave London altogether.  PP40/4/1/91  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/8

1 letter

Letter from Lauderdale House, Highgate, asking to visit EJR before she leaves London for Llandudno. Her brother is unwell with erysipelas.  PP40/4/1/92  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/13

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria [Yates] is 'rather better' and hoping that EJR is 'enjoying the Palace Gardens'. She has started Renan's 'Vie de Jésus'.  PP40/4/1/93  August [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/10

1 letter

Letter [from The Dingle] reporting that Aunt Maria [Yates] 'continues to improve', and asking for news of Miss Allen's marriage, and of Nannie, Barbara and Miss Darwin.  PP40/4/1/94  [August 1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/11

1 letter

Letter from Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire, on a sketching trip on her way to Cornwall. She is reading Renan [Vie de Jésus] and [John Elliot] Cairnes.  PP40/4/1/95  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/1/38

1 letter

Letter from Tintagel, Cornwall, on holiday with Kate and John Roget. She describes her journey from Barnstaple to Bude.  PP40/4/1/96  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/1/14

1 letter

Letter from Lizard Town, Cornwall, reporting that she will return to London on 30th. She has heard that Aunt Maria [Yates] has had one of her severe attacks, so she must return to the Dingle 'but not until the College is started off for the session'.  PP40/4/1/97  22 September [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/9

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle, where she has attended a funeral. Aunt Maria [Yates] is very poorly and her faithful attendant Bella has been struck down with a most painful and probably fatal complaint.  PP40/4/1/98  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/12

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle to say how pleased she is at the result of 'Sunday's ceremony': 'Two more worthy girls than M[ary] Phillott and E[llen] Nichols could not be. Her aunts are 'interested about my pursuits'. She looks forward to the Committee for the Cambridge Examinations and was sorry not to have more B[edford] C[ollege] pupils at the examinations. She asks whether EJR has read in the E[nglish] W[omen's] J[ournal] about Antioch College.  PP40/4/1/99  2 December [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/4

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria [Yates] is 'slowly losing ground'. EAB wants to give up the lodgings in Manchester Street. She comments that 'the slavery question is going on well...one of the best signs is the movement in Cuba'. She reports on 'the boy Louch, the elder son of that good for nothing woman' in Brook Street Refuge, and asks whether EJR wishes to continue paying for him.  PP40/4/1/100  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/2/1

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that Aunt Maria [Yates] has 'passed through a great crisis', having had an attack similar to that which recalled EAB from London some weeks previously. EAB is reading Lyell's new work on the antiquity of man, and has a report from Haines [servant] from the Brook Street school that 'little Louch' is gone to Chester.  PP40/4/1/101  [1864?]

Former reference: RF103/2/1

1 letter

Letter from No 54 Chester Lane [London?] reporting that Haines (servant) has been very dangerously ill with bronchitis, and EAB expects to be at Mrs Hodgson's before long.  PP40/4/1/102  22 January [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/15

1 letter

Letter from Bedford College, on headed notepaper, recommending the article (by Harriet Martineau) in the November issue of 'Cornhill Magazine', on the education of girls.  PP40/4/1/103  [1864?]

Former reference: RF103/2/14

1 letter

Letter from Osborne House, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, where EAB is settled in a house close to Mrs Rucker. She encloses papers about a scheme for the Cambridge Local Examinations and reports that Haines is getting stronger.  PP40/4/1/104  13 February [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/18

1 letter

Letter from Osborne House, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, reporting that Miss [Frances?] Martin will not sign [memorial] about [Cambridge Local] examinations.  PP40/4/1/105  14 February [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/19

1 letter

Letter from Osborne House, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, expressing her regret on hearing of the death of Maria Martineau [niece of Harriet] She is sending a fresh copy of the Cambridge Examinations memorial, and observes that in the December examinations a very large portion of the candidates failed in arithmetic. The one girl who went up from B[edford] C[ollege] passed, and she gives the credit for this to Miss [Frances] Martin. She asks to whom should she send copies of the Memorial? 'We want to get at the clergy in the country towns'.  PP40/4/1/106  3 March [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/20

1 letter

Letter from Osborne House, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, reporting that she has been visited by Jane Martineau, whose management of the Council has been praised by Miss Davies. EAB is grieved about Bessie Parkes's illness, and asks whether EJR has heard anything from Mrs F Mallison about an intended Working Women's College. She is reading Mendelssohn's letters.  PP40/4/1/107  [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/21

1 letter

Letter from Osborne House, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, saying that the only reason she would want to be in town would be to see EJR. She is willing to resign [from trusteeship of the Reid Trust] if EJR wishes and can find a substitute. She has written about fifty letters about the Cambridge examinations.  PP40/4/1/108  [March 1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/24

1 letter

Letter from Osborne House, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, expressing pleasure at receiving EJR's letter and finding 'all is right between us'.  PP40/4/1/109  [March 1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/33

1 letter

Letter from No 48 Bedford Square explaining that she has been devoting herself to old friends - Mary Jones at Croydon, Putney Park, and the opening of the Working Women's College. She is sending Mr Seeley's lecture, and letters received this morning by Miss Thomas.  PP40/4/1/110  [March 1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/16

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that her Aunt Maria [Yates] is 'not so very ill as you supposed', and expressing anxiety to leave, since 'I foresee a return in the autumn'. She comments upon Nelly Waring's choice of career in a [nursing] home. 'I fear she is too young... her temperament is... artistic and impulsive... ' [Eleanor Waring studied at Bedford College 1854-1857].  PP40/4/1/111  [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/30

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle thanking EJR for writing to her about Mr H[igginson?]'. Her Aunt Ellen [Yates] wrote to Mr Wicksteed to consult him, and EAB has written to Miss T[homas] to say that 'unless she wishes & is able to ensure our independence, I will set her free and will not go [to Switzerland]'.  PP40/4/1/112  [July? 1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/27

1 letter

Letter from The Dingle reporting that she and Jane Martineau had 'a very cordial & most comfortable parting with Miss Martin when school broke up'. On a visit to Oxford, she met Dr Jelf and found him charming, against expectations. Miss T[homas]'s mother has died, so she is free to accompany EAB to Switzerland, but Mr & Mrs Edward Higginson are going there at the same time 'we must be thrown together... I do not like strangers'.  PP40/4/1/113  21July [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/28

1 letter

Letter from Hotel Sonnenberg, Seelesberg, Lake Lucerne, Switzerland, describing her route to Switzerland and reporting that she and Miss Thomas 'get on beautifully together'. They travelled with the Higginsons as far as Freiburg.  PP40/4/1/114  24 August [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/37

1 letter

Letter from No 48 Bedford Square expressing regrets at having been obliged to leave Ulster Terrace, and her hopes of getting settled in a house of her own after 18 months of peripatetic existence. She reports that Miss Martin thinks that Mr [George] Macdonald will be well enough to lecture as usual.  PP40/4/1/115  [1864]

Former reference: RF103/2/33

1 letter

Letter from Lauderdale House, Highgate, with news 'to cheer and comfort your heart': the University of Edinburgh has just instituted a scheme of Local Examinations on the model of those in England and GIRLS are included at once; and Miss[Elizabeth] Garrett passed her first medical examination at Apothecaries Hall last Thursday.  PP40/4/1/116  [1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/17

1 letter

Letter from Lauderdale House, Highgate, which she claims is 'an inconvenient location for getting into town unless one has private conveyance'. She is attempting to find lodgings. She failed to get into Madame Bodichon's in 'Blanford' Square, but got rooms at No 1 Tavistock Square. She expresses disappointment that EJR does not 'seem to care more for Miss Garrett's success' [Elizabeth Garrett's successful examination at Apothecaries' Hall]. She is not surprised that ladies of whom EJR has told her 'do not venture on the boarding establishment', and comments that 'nearly everyone in the dissenting connexion would prefer our house 48 and Miss Thomas'. She wonders whether EJR wants 'to see Garibaldi' [during his visit to London].  PP40/4/1/117  [1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/36

1 letter

Letter from Ambleside, Westmorland, where EAB is employing a young pupil teacher from Crosby as her maid, a town girl amazed at the 'delight of the country'. She comments on George Macdonald's lecturing style, and does not recommend him as lecturer in Moral Philosophy. She also gives Ellen Smith's comments.  PP40/4/1/118  9 August [1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/39

1 letter

Letter from Skelwith Bridge near Ambleside, Westmorland, where the household consists of 'my artist Miss Blunden', Ellen Smith and 'my little schoolgirl from Liverpool'. The post man is carrier and general medium of communication with the outside world.  PP40/4/1/119  [August 1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/45

1 letter

Letter from Skelwith Bridge near Ambleside, Westmorland, reporting that Hilary [Bonham] Carter is dead. EAB has been living with Ellen Smith as her visitor, enjoying the company of her cousin Harry Thompson and his brother. She is about to pay short visit to Mr & Mrs Odgen at Hawkshead. She found Harriet Martineau 'pressed by her work'. Her niece Jenny Martineau 'has an arduous post'. Her brother Frank is going to stay at the Knoll.  PP40/4/1/120  12 September [1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/43

1 letter

Letter from Lakefield, Hawkeshead [home of R Ogden] expressing concern that her previous letter made EJR think her unhappy, but says 'The want of a settled home makes me more sensitive to chance influences'.  PP40/4/1/121  [20 September 1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/44

1 letter

Letter from Villa Alexandra, Abbey Road, Torquay, Devon, where she and Miss Notcutt are in lodgings secured by 'Dear little Prothe Thomas'. Katherine & Louisa Hutton are spending the winter here with Mr & Mrs Savage their cousins. There are frighteningly ill-looking invalids in Torquay for their health.  PP40/4/1/122  24 December [1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/42

1 letter

Letter to EAB from Frances Martin about the Cambridge Examinations.  PP40/4/1/123  12 February 1864

Former reference: RF103/2/46

1 letter

Letter to EAB from Frances Elizabeth Lupton about the memorial about Cambridge Examinations.  PP40/4/1/124  16 March 1864

Former reference: RF103/2/22

1 letter

Letter of thanks to EAB from her sister-in-law Harriet Bostock and HB's son John.  PP40/4/1/125  3 January [1865?]

Former reference: RF103/2/47

1 letter

Letter to EAB from Barbara Bodichon in Algiers, to say that her agent will let rooms in No 5 Blanford Square to EAB unless he has let the whole house (see PP40/4/1/117). BB wishes there were 'such people' as EJR, Miss Sturch and Ellen Bicknell in Africa.  PP40/4/1/126  7 February [1865]

Former reference: RF103/2/48

1 letter

Part of a letter, found with EAB's letters to EJR but in an unknown hand, giving an account of [Daniel] O'Connell at an English society gathering. Mentions a debate in the House of Lords [on Catholic Emancipation?].  PP40/4/1/127  [1830s?]

Former reference: RF103/1/2

1 letter

Letters from Henry Crabb Robinson.  PP40/4/2  1842-1863

Former reference: RF103/4

1 file

Contents:
Letters to EAB from Henry Crabb Robinson, journalist and barrister, whose diary [now in Dr Williams's Library, Gordon Square, London], records that they met on 16 July 1838, and who became a very close friend.

Letter giving an account of a journey by rail from Newcastle, where he visited the law courts, to Carlisle, and by coach from Carlisle to Ambleside in the Lake District. Comments on civic improvements at Newcastle and tells of a walk up Loughrig mountain with William Wordsworth and others, including a son of Sir Robert Peel.  PP40/4/2/1  25 July 1842

Former reference: RF103/4/1

1 letter

Letter giving an account of his journey from the Lake District to London via Kirkby Lonsdale, Leeds, Ilkley Wells and Matlock. Discusses Dr W.E. Channing's 'Duty of the free states [of America]'  PP40/4/2/2  23 August 1842

Former reference: RF103/4/2

1 letter

Letter advising EJR not to let a coach accident make her nervous of travel, and telling her of his visit to Paris where he saw Mary Clark, whom he advised about EJR's willingness to entertain French visitors to London.  PP40/4/2/3  26 July 1843

Former reference: RF103/4/3

1 letter

Letter to EJR in Italy, telling her about Mr and Mrs Aders in Florence, who make a living by copying old masters, and recommending places to see in Italy. Gives news of the British Government's endowment of Maynooth College and plans to found 2 interdenominational colleges in Ireland, and the reactions to the proposals from churchmen and from Daniel O'Connell and the 'Examiner'. Comments on the United States of America's annexation of Texas, and the consequences for the suppression of slavery.  PP40/4/2/4  6 June 1845

Former reference: RF103/4/4

1 letter

Letter reassuring EJR that he has rescued her character from all unworthy imputations over the subscription to Unitarian Hall and contribution to Mrs Dyer. Discusses election to Parliament of William Johnson Fox, and tells her of an 'archaeologians' outing' to Ely.  PP40/4/2/5  8 August 1847

Former reference: RF103/4/5

1 letter

Letter commenting on Harriet Martineau's forthcoming book.  PP40/4/2/6  25 January 1848

Former reference: RF103/4/6

1 letter

Letter giving his reaction to Louis Philippe's revolution in France.  PP40/4/2/7  26 February 1848

Former reference: RF103/4/7

1 letter

Letter telling of Mr Mylne's discoveries as executor of Miss Reid and Miss Acheson.  PP40/4/2/8  3 July 1848

Former reference: RF103/4/8

1 letter

Letter reminiscing about the delights of the society to be found in Ambleside, and telling of Mr [Frederick] Robertson, who wishes to meet Harriet Martineau.  PP40/4/2/9  [1848?]

Former reference: RF103/4/9

1 letter

Letter asking for the addresses in Paris of Madame Mohn [Mohl?]and Mrs Chapman, so that Mr Bagehot ('one of the most promising of our U. Coll students') can call on them.  PP40/4/2/10  [30 December 1851]

Former reference: RF103/4/10

1 letter

Letter recounting hopes that Manchester New College will ultimately be united to University Hall, Gordon Square [London]. Regrets that there is no college of Unitarian training which gives a university education, and that the ladies colleges are not flourishing. Worries that the Christian religion 'becomes all but brutal'.  PP40/4/2/11  1 January 1852

Former reference: RF103/4/11

1 letter

Letter telling of visits in East Anglia with the Archaeological Institute, and musing about old age (inspired by a visit to Mrs Clarkson). Agrees with Daniel O'Connell's attitude that he could not befriend a supporter of slavery. Worries that Mrs Baynes should be 'prevented from being engrossed by a party who would convert her piety into sacerdotal formalism'. Mentions [John] Kenyon's brother in law's attitude towards the Austrian government.  PP40/4/2/12  17 July 1854

Former reference: RF103/4/12

1 letter

Letter arranging for EJR to visit Mrs Plumptree [Plumptre].  PP40/4/2/13  18 June 1855

Former reference: RF103/4/13

1 letter

Letter warning that Mrs Plumtree [Plumptre] cannot receive visitors due to illness in the house.  PP40/4/2/14  [19 June 1855]

Former reference: RF103/4/14

1 letter

Letter describing a trip through France to St Sebastian in Spain. Comments on French attitudes: 'All love of liberty is dead as well as all sense of right & wrong'. Sees Louis Napoleon as a 'wise despot'. Reports on the health of Mrs Baine's children - her son, like his great-nephew, is unnaturally delicate. Feels that the prospect of success in the Crimean War 'relieves civilization from imminent peril'.  PP40/4/2/15  7 October 1855

Former reference: RF103/4/15

1 letter

Letter reporting that Miss Travers is Miss Morgan's executrix, and giving Professor De Morgan's account of General Dyer's widow. Describes 'the late prize distribution at the College' [Bedford College], and comments on 'the public news' from the USA: 'Odonnell may be forced for his own sake to join the less illiberal party'.  PP40/4/2/16  4 August 1856

Former reference: RF103/4/16

1 letter

Letter discussing expectations for the forthcoming Presidential elections in the U.S.A.: 'Your friends Mrs Chapman etc will give the victory to Buchanan by dissuading so many of the ultras of the abolitionists from voting'.  PP40/4/2/17  11 August 1856

Former reference: RF103/4/17

1 letter

Note enclosing a notice [Bell's chart?] for the College. [Notice missing].  PP40/4/2/18  23 October 1856

Former reference: RF103/4/18

1 letter

Letter encouraging EJR despite the 'faint success' of the College, reminding her how University College, London, has changed the attitudes of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. Discusses the forthcoming presidential election in the U.S.A., and commenting on books, 'The old dominion', 'The golden life' and 'A serious call to a devout and holy life'.  PP40/4/2/19  6 November 1856

Former reference: RF103/4/19

1 letter

Letter commenting on the refusal of the Duke of Bedford's agents to renew the lease on No. 47 Bedford Square. Reminisces about the founding of University Hall.  PP40/4/2/20  19 December 1857

Former reference: RF103/4/20

1 letter

Letter in which he regrets that he cannot make up for the indolence of his youth.  PP40/4/2/21  16 March 1858

Former reference: RF103/4/21

1 letter

Letter in which he mourns the 'infirmities of old age', and mentions an 'admirable' lecture by Mr Malcolm [at the College?].  PP40/4/2/22  15 October 1858

Former reference: RF103/4/22

1 letter

Letter discussing the American Civil War: the misconduct of the northern states and the legal and moral right of the southern states to secede from the Union. Hopes that Louis Napoleon of France is not going to declare against the King of Sardinia. Describes his attendance at the Unitarian Association. Worries that he will have nobody to look after him when he is old and incapable.  PP40/4/2/23  25 May 1861

Former reference: RF103/4/23

1 letter

Letter reporting that he had a fall in the street due to a dizzy spell. Rejoices that the Kingdom of Italy is recognized by the Emperor of France. Interested to see that 'In America the continued Union becomes daily more and more difficult'.  PP40/4/2/24  26 June 1861

Former reference: RF103/4/24

1 letter

Letter discussing Mr [William Ellery] Channing's pamphlet [on the American Civil War and abolition of slavery], and hopes for Sardinia.  PP40/4/2/25  2 August [1861]

Former reference: RF103/4/25

1 letter

Letter discussing W.E. Channing's letter in 'The Inquirer': 'he is weak enough to wish that the Union may last. If slavery be recognised hereafter as a part of the constitution of America, it will acquire a conventional force by agreement which will add to its malignity'.  PP40/4/2/26  20 August [1861]

Former reference: RF103/4/26

1 letter

Letter reporting on a stay with his old German friend Mr Schunk, who introduced him to John Kenrick, Duckenfield Darbyshire, Samuel Robinson and Lord Belper. Expresses his disgust at the [Fremont] proclamation promising masters who stay loyal to the U.S.A. that they can keep their slaves forever, and speculates about the result of the 'interposition' of the European powers into the affairs of Mexico.  PP40/4/2/27  27 September 1861

Former reference: RF103/4/27

1 letter

Letter reporting that he is still suffering from giddiness, and that he is so disgusted with the pro-slavery stance of the 'Saturday Review' that he now takes 'The Spectator'. People are becoming partisan over the American Civil War.  PP40/4/2/28  1 February 1863

Former reference: RF103/4/28

1 letter

Letter rejoicing over the Statute Law Revision Act, 'a glorious triumph of the cause of religious liberty'.  PP40/4/2/29  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/4/29

1 letter

Letter discussing the American Civil War: 'it is good for both the new & old world that that immense continent should not be under the single government of one individual'. Comments on Walter Landor's 'Life and Works'.  PP40/4/2/30  [17 July 1865]

Former reference: RF103/4/30

1 letter

Letter from EJR to H C Robinson, thanking him for a gift of £50 to the College in Bedford Square. Now framed as a historical exhibit  PP40/4/3  22 March 1856

Former reference: RF103/13

1 letter

Letters from Anna Brownell Jameson  PP40/4/4  [c.1840] - [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/7

12 letters

Contents:
Letters to EJR from Anna Jameson, mainly written when she was in England, but including one from Vienna.

Letter suggesting she visit EJR on Saturday. Hopes Miss Emily Taylor will be in town, and looks forward to meeting Mr [John] Kenyon and Mr [Henry Crabb?] Robinson.  PP40/4/4/1  [c.1840]

Former reference: RF103/7/1

1 letter

Letter declining EJR's offer to accompany her on a trip to Italy, because of her mother's ill health. Has had a delightful letter from Emily Taylor about her proceedings, and a letter from Catherine Sedgwick which made her thoughtful.  PP40/4/4/2  29 June & 3 July [1845?]

Former reference: RF103/7/2

1 letter

Letter telling EJR that she plans to go to Ireland, hopes that they can meet as EJR returns from Ambleside. She has 'tried to wade through 'Cosmos'', but 'out of my depth'.  PP40/4/4/3  20 August [1848?]

Former reference: RF103/7/3

1 letter

Letter asking EJR to return a letter from her niece 'Geddie' (Gerardine Macpherson), and arranging to return some prints which EJR had lent. She is arranging with Longmans (publishers) for a second edition of 'Poetry of Sacred and Legendary Art'.  PP40/4/4/4  15 March [1850]

Former reference: RF103/7/4

1 letter

Letter accepting EJR's invitation to stay.  PP40/4/4/5  5 May [1853?]

Former reference: RF103/7/5

1 letter

Letter regretting that she was too ill to see Julia Smith on Saturday evening, and will be unable to accompany Miss Sturch on their visit to the workhouse until the following week. Asks for a report on EJR's evening 'and Mrs Stowe' [Harriet Beecher Stowe?].  PP40/4/4/6  26 October [1853?]

Former reference: RF103/7/6

1 letter

Letter from Vienna reporting 'frightful' cholera epidemic, and admiring the work of the Sisters of Charity there. She has been researching 'the Charitable Sisters' in Paris. Praises the theatre in Vienna.  PP40/4/4/7  17 September 1855

Former reference: RF103/7/7

1 letter

Letter regretting that she cannot join EJR and her sister at Durdham Down [home of Mr and Mrs Edwin Chapman], since she has already accepted an invitation from Miss Carpenter. Mentions the printing of 'Legendary Art' and work on a new edition of 'The Legend of the Madonna'.  PP40/4/4/8  10 August [1856?]

Former reference: RF103/7/8

1 letter

Letter expressing surprise that Mr Edward Kenyon has predeceased his brother [John Kenyon], and reporting the deaths of Madame Arconati's brother in law, Count Collegno, and brother, Count Ludovico Frotti [Frolli?], on the same day.  PP40/4/4/9  [1856]

Former reference: RF103/7/9

1 letter

Letter reporting the removal to Brighton of her sisters' household.  PP40/4/4/10  4 December [1856]

Former reference: RF103/7/10

1 letter

Letter reporting that she is thinking of taking lodgings in Maddox Street in London. She comments that 'the settlement of the woman's question involves more than 'Colleges' can do'.  PP40/4/4/11  17 January [1857?]

Former reference: RF103/7/11

1 letter

Letter asking to stay with EJR while she works at the [British] Museum.  PP40/4/4/12  [1840s? 1850s?]

Former reference: RF103/7/12

1 letter

Letters from Mary Clarke (Madame Julius Mohl).  PP40/4/5  1839-1865

Former reference: RF103/10-11

2 files

Contents:
Letters from Mary Clarke (MC), whose salon in Paris attracted the élite of Europe's intelligentsia, including Charles-Claude Fauriel, and who married in 1847 Julius von Mohl, the eminent orientalist. Unless otherwise stated, the letters are written from Paris, where MC lived in the Rue du Bac; many are from Cold Overton Hall in Leicestershire, the home of her sister, Eleanor, who was married to John Frewen Turner, M.P.. Most are addressed to EJR at her home in London (No. 6 Grenville Street until her mother's death in 1842; York Terrace, Regent's Park, thereafter), but there are a few addressed jointly to EJR and her sister, Mary Sturch, and a few to Miss Sturch alone. There is also one letter from MC's mother, Elisabeth Clarke. There are typescript résumés of letters 1-20 and 47.

Letter giving advice as EJR is about to travel on the continent [with Harriet Martineau] - remembers that 'we found damp sheets in every Inn along the Rhine'. Sends a letter of introduction to the Sismondis. She hopes EJR will be 'indulgent to the accomodations in our small menage' - she has made the best bedroom into an aviary.  PP40/4/5/1  12 March 1839

Former reference: RF103/10/1

1 letter

Letter to EJR in Lausanne, Switzerland, asking when she will arrive in Paris. The Princess Belgioioso would put off leaving Paris in order to meet her.  PP40/4/5/2  4 May 1839

Former reference: RF103/10/2

1 letter

Letter from Cold Overton Hall, reporting that 'Mother wishes to spend the winter here' and MC doesn't expect to be in London until 18th or 20th October. She very much likes the Nightingales, especially Miss Julia. At Cold Overton, she is in disagreement with her sister's family: 'the only way of living in peace is to let the poor Catholics be called all the names in the dictionary'. 'I was charmed with Deerbrook' - [Harriet Martineau] has 'found out how to paint heroism in the very washhouse'. Also recommends 'éducation progressive' by Mme [Albertine-Adrienne] Necker de Saussure.  PP40/4/5/3  28 September 1839

Former reference: RF103/10/3

1 letter

Letter to EJR at Child's Hill, Beadle's Farm, Hampstead, having arrived in London to stay with EJR. Has toothache, 'trying to work myself up to go to a dentist'.  PP40/4/5/4  26 October 1839

Former reference: RF103/10/4

1 letter

Letter reporting that she had a tooth out and the pain is now a good deal worse than before. 'I shall take some opium tonight'.  PP40/4/5/5  [29 October 1839]

Former reference: RF103/10/5

1 letter

Letter reporting that her journey from Boulogne to Paris took 30 hours, but 'my 3 sea-water baths had wound me up so astonishingly that I was not greatly fatigued'. Her money is 'engaged or rather sunk' in investments which are cutting the dividends, and she may have to let two rooms. M. Fauriel & M. Mohl have both offered 'all they can spare', but she asks EJR to find her a lodger - He 'must be a gentleman and not a smoker of cigars'. '2 gentlemen (french) the other night both said...that Mme Dudevant [George Sand] was the first french writer of the age...had a better right to be member of the Academy than any man'.  PP40/4/5/6  23 November 1839

Former reference: RF103/10/6

1 letter

Letter asking EJR to read articles in the 'Revue des Deux Mondes', 'a morsel' by M. Fauriel and an account of M. Mohl's 'great undertaking', and then forward them to MC's mother. Enjoying her time in Paris, but afraid the 'exceedingly agreeable days' won't last: 'I always expect something when life's smooth perhaps it is to comfort me for the low spirits and mortification I experienced at Cold Overton'. She is going to see Lady Bulwer: 'her novel ['Chevely, or, the man of honour'] is a miserable failure...I am curious to see if trouble has improved her character'.  PP40/4/5/7  2 December [1839]

Former reference: RF103/10/7

1 letter

Letter reporting that the Princess Belgioioso was laid up in the Isle of Wight with measles. MC does not believe the scandalous stories about her: 'she is very careless about doing queer things, will receive an artist of merit or who takes her fancy better than a Duke...' She wonders why the English are so condemnatory of extra-marital affairs. Also reports that Mme Arconati is very distressed at having borne a child 'nourished in such grief' and is attempting to get attached to it; Lady Sykes was responsible for Maclise's 'doings'. Men in England are 'very apt and more than in most other countries to run after paid women'. M Mohl has again been 'shamefully treated here' and 'can't bear the idea of marrying unless he had...a position'.  PP40/4/5/8  [13 & 15 December] 1839

Former reference: RF103/10/8

1 letter

Letter giving an account of her day: drawing at Mlle Gerard's, visits or business until 6 o'clock, dinner, then a nap 'in spite of the presence of Mr Fauriel and Mr Mohl single or both'. She is improving her drawing in case she has to make a living at it. Once a fortnight she receives 'a quantity of children who play and dance', in order to introduce them to her orphaned protegée, daughter of her friend Adèle [Cornillot]. Dr Booth was popular during his visit to Paris. Lady Bulwer, despite being ' a very unjustly treated woman' and very pretty and rather clever 'is utterly uncongenial to me', but 'Mrs Trollope I delight in'.  PP40/4/5/9  16 February 1840

Former reference: RF103/10/9

1 letter

Letter from Elisabeth Clarke [MC's mother], Cold Overton Hall, reporting that her daughter [MC?]'s friend Miss Wath is dying, her granddaughter Mrs Martin had a still-born child, and '[her elder daughter] Mrs F. Turner has been so much occupied and her mind taken up with illness, and with me in the bargain' - and has received more than 160 letters since returning from visiting her son at Brick Wall, Sussex, last January: 'this comes of the penny Postage'.  PP40/4/5/10  20 March [1840]

Former reference: RF103/10/10

1 letter

Letter claiming that 'I draw 6 or 7 hours a day' so there is little time for anything else. She did not help Mr and Mrs Sturch [EJR's brother and sister-in-law] with their sight-seeing. She intends to come to London to see EJR, and to visit Cold Overton 'anything but a merry place'. Julia Smith is 'one of the most taking impressing creatures I ever knew', and 'Miss Baillie arrived here...with a worthy merry Pickwicky body Mr [John?] Kenyon'.  PP40/4/5/11  2 June & 5 July 1840

Former reference: RF103/10/11

1 letter

Letter [from Cold Overton Hall?] claiming that a Doctor has 'made me very ill to get the inflammation out of the liver'. Glad to be ill with her family rather than with her friends - punish them for boring her with their 'polticks and evangelicalism'. She has been reading Sir S[amuel] Romilly, greatly admiring 'What a man he was!' His nephew Dr [Peter] Roget 'very well and clever and learned &c., he is like an empty bag compared to his uncle'.  PP40/4/5/12  19 September 1840

Former reference: RF103/10/12

1 letter

Letter from Cold Overton Hall claiming that her illness was caused by 'sea bathing every day for 4 days when I did not need it'. She is not impressed at the Doctor 'poisoning me with calomel' and is longing to get away from her sister's family. Would love to bring her mother to visit EJR, to have somebody sympathetic with whom to discuss 'Dr Channing &c.'. Discussing [Harriet Martineau?] 'what a loss if she goes, and at the height of her powers'.  PP40/4/5/13  4 October 1840

Former reference: RF103/10/13

1 letter

Letter describing her journey [to Paris] from the coast. The business she has invested in is a dictionary - now it needs a new edition, so will pay no dividend this year, but half the usual amount in 1842, and back to normal in 1843 is predicted. She gives an account of the procession for the interment of Napoleon I.  PP40/4/5/14  23 December 1840

Former reference: RF103/10/14

1 letter

Letter [from Cold Overton Hall?] arranging to see EJR as she travels through London on her way to Dover.  PP40/4/5/15  10 December 1841

Former reference: RF103/10/15

1 letter

Letter describing an awful journey from Dover [to Paris], and reporting Miss S. [Fitton?]'s rudeness and strange rumours about MC's mother. She is charmed with EJR's information about [Charles] Dickens 'but an't you afraid the Americans will linch him if they find it out?' M. Sarah [Fitton] has made an exquisite model of a fern seed in wax.  PP40/4/5/16  26 December 1841, 4 & 9 January 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/16

1 letter

Letter appealing to EJR to help a young Frenchwoman to find a situation as governess or teacher in London 'you who are so kind and pityfying to all your sex'.  PP40/4/5/17  26 January 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/17

1 letter

Letter discussing Harriet Martineau's health: In France there is an operation for polypses in the womb - if that is what H.M. is suffering from, her friends should offer to pay for her to be treated. She hopes H.M.'s brother in law 'will state the case medically'. She advises EJR not to get involved in setting up a 'Mont de Piété' [interest-free loan facility for poor people].  PP40/4/5/18  23 March 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/18

1 letter

Letter explaining MC's reasons for her oppostition to EJR's involvement in the Mont de Piété scheme. She did not mean to criticise: 'you are so bothered with the stupid proprieties that float about in the breath of so many folk in England that you forget I have the most thorough contempt for them...it never came into my head to suppose that a woman was not quite as fit to be busy & do good as a man'. She is disappointed that Harriet Martineau does not feel an operation appropriate. Dr Booth told MC that in Paris the cases are all put into the same ward 'arranged like plants in an herbal or any other specimens of natural history'. Hundreds of English girls want to 'enter French schools without any pay at all merely for their board' - the market is 'overstocked'. 'It is quite melancholy to think how many genteel girls in England are obliged to work for their livelihood What business have fathers & mothers to bring so many children into the world without trying to provide for them?'  PP40/4/5/19  [1 April] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/19

1 letter

Letter asking what proofs should she offer of the Doctors' treatment of cases 'parallel to Miss M's', and describing the harm done by the 'Mont de Piété' system.  PP40/4/5/20  [27 April] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/20

1 letter

Letter discussing Harriet Martineau's agitation at medical consultation and advocating the 'cure' practised by Dr Cheneau, although MC admits she 'did not like the man'; Dr Marjollin [Jean-Nicolas Marjolin] is the most famous exponent of the treatment. She reports that the Mont de Piété at Avignon does good (the only one in France that does).  PP40/4/5/21  [15 May] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/21

1 letter

Letter reporting that the best book about the Mont de Piété system is 'De la bienfaisance publique' by Mr de Gerardo(?), and that S[arah] Fitton suggests getting a written opinion on Harriet Martineau's condition from Dr Marjollin and comparing it with that of Dr Cheneau. Mme [Amable Voiart] Tastu is planning to 'write or translate something of the 'Play Fellow''.  PP40/4/5/22  [18 May?] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/22

1 letter

Letter reporting that S[arah] Fitton put it into her head that EJR would be cheated over the Mont de Piété business, but now she's thinking 'it might do good if well arranged'. She recommends that H. Martineau consult Dr Marjollin in Paris, and tells a story of an English maid of Mme Arconati's who had 'absurd English notions about the Hierarchy of servants'.  PP40/4/5/23  [c.23 May? 1842]

Former reference: RF103/10/23

1 letter

Letter reporting that 'Georgiana', a protégée of EJR's, has arrived to take up a post possibly as nurse to Mme Arconati's daughter: 'her pride will not suffer here as in England'. MC writes that Miss Rankin knows Harriet Martineau's cousin well and may suggest something for her.  PP40/4/5/24  15 [June] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/24

1 letter

Letter reporting hopes for a place for Georgiana, who seems to MC 'a very good girl...very quick and very good tempered'  PP40/4/5/25  [8 July] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/25

1 letter

Letter to EJR at Tynemouth, Northumberland, discussing Georgiana. Miss S. [Fitton] thinks she's artful. MC has found her a temporary position in a school run by Mme Bernard until Mme Arconati is ready to take her. She is pert and has a 'tendency to gad about'.  PP40/4/5/26  18 July 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/26

1 letter

Letter to EJR at Tynemouth, Northumberland, reporting that Georgiana has chosen to work in a glove shop: 'a more natural state of existence than being a governess, a very melancholy position in society fit only for women of great refinement who had rather be miserable and keep their minds in lavender...' MC asks for [Henry] Crabb Robinson's address, since she needs his help with some business, and talks of people to whom she is attached: Mme Arconati, Josephine [Ruotte] and Mme Tastu. Mme Belgioioso is trying to rehabilitate a thief, and is about to publish a book which she wants to call 'The formation of the Catholic dogmas', but is advised that such a title will offend people.  PP40/4/5/27  2 & 12 August 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/27

1 letter

Letter from Cold Overton Hall opining that Georgiana is 'certainly as artful a baggage as ever I knew'. MC would be happy if Harriet Martineau 'was returning to hope'.  PP40/4/5/28  26 August 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/28

1 letter

Letter about arrangements to get power of attorney sorted out, and reporting that Georgiana wants to find another situation, since the shop will only let her go out on Sundays. MC has advised Mme Arconati that she is not suitable 'to be trusted with so precious thing as a child'.  PP40/4/5/29  26 September [1842]

Former reference: RF103/10/29

1 letter

Letter making arrangements to meet in London and reporting that 'Mr [Henry Crabb] Robinson has put my business in excellent train'.  PP40/4/5/30  [7 October] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/30

1 letter

Letter [from Cold Overton Hall] inviting EJR to Cold Overton.  PP40/4/5/31  [9 October] 1842

Former reference: RF103/10/31

1 letter

Letter [from Cold Overton Hall] reassuring EJR that 'I will not mention H[arriet] M[artineau]'s affairs to Miss Baily...I know her injustice towards her'.  PP40/4/5/32  [16 October 1842]

Former reference: RF103/10/32

1 letter

Letter telling EJR, 'that your protégées may not be kept in suspense', that Mme Arconati wanted a governess who was prepared to eat with the servants: 'half governesses (English) are almost impossible to place'. Georgiana's experience has shown how easy it is for an English girl to get a job in a shop: 'the speaking English is a great advantage'. MC's mother 'fell a-crying when she heard of the death of [William Ellery] Channing'. MC is worried [that she has let H. Martineau's condition be come publicly known?]  PP40/4/5/33  [October 1842]

Former reference: RF103/10/33

1 letter

Letter telling EJR about a 'poor little girl of 3 years old' whom she was thinking of adopting if the mother died - she has herself died: 'they put leeches to it by order of a Dr and the poor mother could not stop the bleeding'. MC has not been out much, but did go to Mme Récamier's to hear Mlle Rachel recite fragments from Phèdre, Esther and Mithridates. Princess Belgioioso is getting 'her last two volumes' printed. The first two are a great success, but 'all the Milanese vow they are written by l'Abbé Coeur'. L'Abbé Coeur thinks the book not orthodox and doesn't want to seem to patronise it in case he loses the chance of a bishopric. Mme de Sismondi 'was disappointed that her husband's death did not awaken more sympathy...' but M. Michelet gave 2 lectures, mostly upon him.' 'The controversy which Mr Robinson related to you about Cousin still goes on'. The new review 'Revue Indépendante' tried to drop M. [Pierre] Leroux ('a philospher and so tiresome'), but George Sand stuck by him, so they had to keep him. 'I don't approve of her taste, but it is a triumph to the sex'. The ''Revue des deux mondes' is 'going down ever since she left it'.  PP40/4/5/34  [Autumn 1842]

Former reference: RF103/10/34

1 letter

Letter telling EJR that she has scarcely been out in the evening except to the play to see Mlle Rachel in Phèdre: 'quite perfect'. The 'Revue Indépendante' contains some good things especially a story by George Sand. 'Fine ladies here are writing on theology forsooth, but such stuff! religion is a prefect rage here'.  PP40/4/5/35  [7 February 1843]

Former reference: RF103/10/35

1 letter

Letter warning EJR that she is determined to 'send' to her 'a very nice Greek and his wife'.  PP40/4/5/36  21 March 1843

Former reference: RF103/10/36

1 letter

Letter asking whether Harriet Martineau would like to hear about Toussaint l'Ouverture's son who lives at Bordeaux, and reporting that Georgiana is now wanting to work with children and wants a reference. She is in a school, working for her board only. MC said if she could stay there a year and establish a 'caracter', she would believe in a real reform.  PP40/4/5/37  6 June 1843

Former reference: RF103/10/37

1 letter

Letter from Cold Overton Hall to EJR in Guildford, Surrey, about MC's plans to go to the Lake District, although Wordsworth is not there. It is 'a very painful case... writing for bread, all ease and genius fly away... ' She has read Macaulay's article on 'Addison' [Lucy Aikin's biography]: 'what business he had to be so severe on [Miss Aikin] I can't imagine'. 'My sister and her family... would not go [to meet Macaulay], I fancy on account of his Whigism'. She is not sure that he deserves a government pension of £10,000 p.a. She disapproves of 'The Lays of Ancient Rome': it is 'as presuming as to concoct a man like Frankenstein'; and comments on a reviewer in the 'Edinburgh Review' attacking Wordsworth's Christianity: 'Reviews are worse than the holy inquisition' She wishes she had seen the 'Singing Mouse' when in London.  PP40/4/5/38  17 September [1843]

Former reference: RF103/10/38

1 letter

Letter from Westmorland recommending a house in Ambleside for EJR and her sister for next year. MC has met Wordsworth's son-in-law and Mrs Arnold, widow of 'the Rugby Arnold'. Revelling in seeing all the places mentioned in Wordsworth's poems.  PP40/4/5/39  11 October 1843

Former reference: RF103/10/39

1 letter

Letter from Osnaburgh Terrace [London] to EJR at Beach Cottage, Sandgate, Folkestone, Kent, reporting that she had to 'escape the cold' of Westmorland. There is a wedding in her family and her sister has lent MC's room in St Leonards to somebody from one of the families concerned.  PP40/4/5/40  [15] October 1843

Former reference: RF103/10/40

1 letter

Letter [from Osnaburgh Terrace, London] to EJR at Beach Cottage, Sandgate, Folkestone, Kent, changing arrangements. MC is to go to the Nightingales at Embley, Romsey, Hampshire.  PP40/4/5/41  [19] October 1843

Former reference: RF103/10/41

1 letter

Letter from Marina 71, St Leonards [Sussex], reporting that [Leopold von?] Ranke has been cajoled into marriage; the Carter family are dispersed all over Europe; and [Henry] Crabb Robinson was in love with Miss Atkinson and Miss Reid [EJR's sister-in-law?] broke it off. MC expresses her fondness for the Nightingale family 'especially the dear girls - Florence is so kind to me that I have departed entirely from my settled resolution... of never attaching myself to the young.'  PP40/4/5/42  1 November 1843

Former reference: RF103/10/42

1 letter

Letter from a boarding house [in Boulogne?] recovering from 'paroxysms' [of toothache]. She writes of her amazement that poor old women whom she helps in Paris are healthier despite their hard life than is her mother: 'what we call comfort is by no means necessary to our health'  PP40/4/5/43  [November 1843?]

Former reference: RF103/10/43

1 letter

Letter reporting that M. Fauriel is not well 'you will find him much aged'. Miss Fitton claims that EJR is coming to Paris in October and declared that 'Mrs Reid and Miss Clarke don't suit'. MC has received a letter from Mme Ranke and is convinced that M. Ranke was tricked into marrying her. EJR thinks 'women are always maltreated & men always tyrannising', but MC 'can't blame the men'.  PP40/4/5/44  10 March 1844

Former reference: RF103/10/44

1 letter

Letter from Cold Overton Hall asking whether the 'shilling book' are likely to publish Daniel Defoe's works. Advises EJR about her projected stay in Paris: M. Mohl would like to be of assistance; she should also ask Miss Fitton to introduce her to Miss Kohl, and MC's old friend Josephine [Ruotte] could also 'make herself useful' if EJR contacts her. MC wishes she had enough money to buy M. Fauriel's library and send it to the public library in Athens: 'he rendered more service to Greece than any living man'.  PP40/4/5/45  25 August 1844

Former reference: RF103/10/45

1 letter

Letter reporting that she has received a letter from Mary Fletcher which 'corroborates' her judgement of M. Ranke's marriage. MC is angry with EJR for 'hurting' her eyes by 'writing jobs for gentlemen'. Hints re impending marriage to M. Mohl (?): 'My volatile nature is such that I am always in his debt... I shall be a great comfort to him.'  PP40/4/5/46  15 November [1844]

Former reference: RF103/10/46

1 letter

Letter to EJR in Rome, making arrangements about sending some silk to her. 'Miss Fitton gave me a wax flower in a wax vase', but MC broke it. She dislikes 'gimcracks' cluttering her rooms. She describes her daily routine: drawing at a friend's house '4 5 6 or 7 hours', then reading M. Fauriel's papers about 5 hours, preparing them for publication. She is 'reassembling' material on the origin of Italian literature and on Dante. She will have to consult [Alessandro] Manzoni, 'the only friend now remaining who knew [Fauriel] in his youth', so she plans to go to Italy in the middle of September. She rejoices in 'Miss Martineau's case...quite sufficient to do credit [to] mesmerisme', but feels she will discredit it if she writes about it.  PP40/4/5/47  24 March 1845

Former reference: RF103/10/47

1 letter

Letter reporting that she has married M. Mohl. 'I have not repented since, therefore I can't say that I did either right or wrong'. She went with him to Berlin for three weeks 'where I saw all the élite of the learned, which is the élite of all Germany, for the King of Prussia has also lately passed a skimming dish all over the land and secured almost all the cream for his sandy capital'. The Germans are 'such a kind... natural simple set', remind her of 'the old fashioned English, of which there is not now the slightest trace in England'. But she disliked the climate. She reports that S[arah] Fitton is always bemoaning the loss of EJR's friendship: 'being Irish can't help doing something either awkward or absurd'. She desribes Florence Nightingale as a 'rara avis', and asks EJR to pay some attention to Lydia Wade: 'will make poor Lydia's friends behave better to her'.  PP40/4/5/48  15 & 24 October 1847

Former reference: RF103/11/1

1 letter

Part of a letter telling of MC's desire to go to Germany, where two of M. Mohl's brothers are in the new National Assembly 'reconstituting' the country, but M. Mohl is too busy to leave immediately. Asks for EJR's patronage of a lady who runs a school with her mother and is visiting England to look for pupils. 'they spoil the children and are too lavish in feeding &c'.  PP40/4/5/49  26 July [1848?]

Former reference: RF103/11/2

1 letter

Letter accusing EJR of seeing little of Mme Arconati because of preoccupation with Miss Atkinson's marriage. MC comments upon the problems of adjusting to marriage: women 'had left their homes and habits, the gentleman had left nothing' She reports that Mrs Bracebridge has been in Paris, with F[lorence] Nightingale, and MC is pleased that she expressed admiration of Ann Thomson and 'lauded' Miss Chadwick. Miss Bayley 'was the greatest comfort' at St Leonards. S[arah] Fitton introduced MC to Mr [Robert] Brown the botanist: 'as silent and still as his friends the plants... tho' I saw he had some sly fun if he chose to emit it'. She looks forward to the completion of the railway from Paris to Boulogne.  PP40/4/5/50  1 November [1848?]

Former reference: RF103/11/3

1 letter

Letter claiming that 'these revolutions have ...addled my poor brains'. Mme de Lepel is 'very pleasant only too tolerant', but MC offered her services, since 'we inhabitants of this scene of confusion' court any stranger who is 'so good as to come and spend a little money'. Louis Napoleon will be elected because the peasants want to be 'delivered' from the republic: 'they abominate the republick because they sell not their goods'. 'forms of government are nothing it is those who work the system that make it good or bad'. France is 'incapable of comprehending certain ideas such as the economising of publick money', putting the right man in the right job, 'the sacred rights of property, the nonsense of talking sentiment in the science of political economy... '. MC is contemptuous of considering only 'the dirty and uneducated' as 'the People'. She describes Lamartine as 'a puppy... a vain fool', and feels 'soaked through with disgust at every body & every thing'. She recommends 'L'histoire morale des femmes' by Ernest Legouvé: 'good thing it was written by a man'. She was thinking of sending a copy to Miss Martineau 'but she is so crotchetty that she may find some foolish detail that will set her against the whole thing'. She doesn't feel that there's a need for a ladies' college in Paris - 'all the lectures here are gratis & except at the Sorbonne all open to ladies'.  PP40/4/5/51  [19] November 1848

Former reference: RF103/11/4

1 letter

Letter expressing her wish to visit London over Christmas, because the election of Louis Napoleon 'puts me so out of humour I can scarcely bear it'.  PP40/4/5/52  13 December [1848]

Former reference: RF103/11/5

1 letter

Letter explaining that she did not go to London because the weather turned frosty. Inveighs about the 'vile state of government - a miserably vain and silly adventurer surrounded by a family so despicable that he appears respectable compared to them'. Cavaignac has behaved well. Of French peasants she comments 'how impossible it will be ever to have anything reasonable with universal suffrage which they themselves are only plagued with and had rather be without'. S[arah] Fitton's sister seems to be dying: 'Pity she did not die two years ago', so that 'S' could have married an American who was attached to her. 'She spends the whole time in trying to be useful to all the poor girls that come from England almost pennyless to learn French and be governesses and from I hear Hunger actually become street walkers'.  PP40/4/5/53  1 January 1849

Former reference: RF103/11/6

1 letter

Letter recommending an artist called Colin. 'No artist has sold anything here these last 15 months'. She expresses anxiety over M. Mohl's brother Robert, who has abolished all gaming houses [in the Grand Duchy of Baden?]. 'No one loses so much as the G[rand] Duke [of Baden]... they paid him an enormous tax'.  PP40/4/5/54  24 May [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/11/7

1 letter

Letter telling of her plans to go to England, 'perhaps 21st because I am afraid of the colera (sic)' for the sake of Ida Mohl, their niece: 'people are dying around us almost as if the plague was about'. The cholera is 'getting towards the same state it was in '32: you might cross Paris at 9 o'clock at night and not meet a soul in the street'. She wishes to stay in England 3 months - M. Mohl is to study manuscripts in Oxford. She reports that 'Germany is in a terrible state' [after the 1848 revolutions] and Robert Mohl is in hiding, Mme Récamier has died, and she (MC) is worried about her Italian friends. The Manzonis cannot have their own daughter to stay, they are so short of money. 'Oh English people [!] don't shake down the good old house over your heads because it has cobwebs and narrow staircases and old fashioned rooms [!] you all little know what it is to have no house at all...'  PP40/4/5/55  7 June [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/11/8

1 letter

Letter from Cold Overton Hall reporting that 'The girls' [M. Mohl's sisters?] have mismanaged a will. MC argues that girls ought to be taught about business affairs: 'if their fathers would make them useful and copy out their deeds and pay their rents and look after receipts and houses etc... instead of doing it all for them it would make them think about such matters'. She tells of a trip to Birmingham to see 'scientifics'. Enthuses about people she met there, especially Mr Tom Gill and Mr Dawson. 'I saw the illuminated cavern [under Castle Hill, Dudley, Worcestershire]... Sir R Merchison [Roderick Impey Murchison] made a discourse on it through a speaking trumpet... '. What struck her most was 'that even when all the coals we have are burnt in Gt. Britain, by digging a good deal lower there will be quite as much more and Britain will last as long as she has energy to dig'.  PP40/4/5/56  27 September [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/11/9

1 letter

Letter from Lea Hurst [Matlock, Derbyshire] making arrangements for visiting London on 13th or 15th to spend a little time there while M. Mohl will be there. She expresses pity for Kate Roget ('I hope it is not consumption') and her opinion that marriage is unnecessary if one can see one's beloved often: 'children and poverty are more destructive to happiness... than living unmarried'.  PP40/4/5/57  7 [October 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/11/10

1 letter

Letter from Brickwall [Northiam, Sussex], which she considers a 'most dismal place'. She has left some money at EJR's house.  PP40/4/5/58  [October 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/11/11

1 letter

Letter recommending M. Duval as French master for the College. He used to teach literature in France but after the [1848] revolution, not enough people could afford to pay for classes. In the French elections, she persuaded M. Mohl to vote for a candidate she thought 'a man of merit'. She recommends an opera called the 'Val d'Andorre', and wishes Mrs Jameson could see it. She reports that Charlie Follen and 'a young Chapman with a tremendous twang' 'seem to think learning French the last and highest of human attainments... it give a poor idea of American education why the deuce did they not learn French when they were little'.  PP40/4/5/59  7 November [1849]

Former reference: RF103/11/12

1 letter

Letter further recommending M. Duval, who 'seems to set great value on [Francois] Guizot's recommendation'. Guizot's good nature 'makes him much too easy and that was one of his banes as a minister'. French politics are 'going as fast as we can to military despotism', but trade [in Paris] is getting up again a little, partly since 80,000 workmen have left Paris since 1848 from the 'mere impossibility of living'. MC reports that Mary Fuller is at Florence, having married an 'exaggerated republican' who is younger than herself and had 'not a penny'. Having to dust and sweep herself while awaiting the arrival of a new servant, she is 'in a rage ever since at spending my life in such odious occupations'.  PP40/4/5/60  16 November [1849]

Former reference: RF103/11/13

1 letter

Letter to Miss Sturch reporting that MC found the Collegnos on arrival in Paris in October: 'one might spend a long life without seeing any two people so complete in mind and manners'. She has been to Limoges for her lawsuit, which went in her favour. The journey took 8 hours on the train and 14 'screwed up in a diligence'. She had a very pleasant summer in Switzerland with 'Hilly' [Hilary Bonham Carter]. She describes how well she and M. Mohl have been accepted by each others' families, although she feels that generally 'marriage always spoils families - the new element don't fit in'. However, Ann Thomson (now Mrs Brown)'s husband's father and family were 'quite charmed with her'. MC is interested in an establishment set up in Paris to save English girls who have been lured into prostitution.  PP40/4/5/61  25 [November 1849]

Former reference: RF103/11/14

1 letter

Letter reporting that Miss [Sarah] Fitton is in London. 'I think she left me in dudgeon' because MC would not write again to EJR about 'Miss Skerrett's having sent her a young lady'. 'We are in a very Cackley(?) state here [in France] the President is a rascal the Chamber a den of Coxcombs the people are absurd', but she hopes that M. Mohl's Persian work 'which the [1848] revolution entirely stopped' will be recontinued, and that she can publish M. Fauriel's lectures on Dante. She reports Mme Arconati's comments on Harriet Martineau's 'Household education'; that Thackeray has been in Paris - but MC chose to go to the opera rather than meet him ('I am getting old for Lion loving') -; and that her brother in law Robert [von Mohl] 'wants to take Ida [his daughter] from me'. She recommends that EJR meets 'my darling Emma Weston'.  PP40/4/5/62  [c.1850]

Former reference: RF103/11/15

1 letter

Letter wondering whether the claims of the Baronne de Beck, published in a French newspaper, about her heroism in the Hungarian war are true. She wants Mme Belloc to translate Harriet Martineau's 'Household education', and describes how she has become reacquainted with Mme Belloc after a rift of 20 years. She attended Fanny Kemble's readings in Paris, but disliked her interpretation, especially of 'Hamlet'. Mrs Jameson 'ought to have advised her a little peace & quiet, it's very odd, but every thing is odd in England'. Comments on hypocrisy of the English about prostitutes. Her old friend Triantaphyllos 'is grown rich', and they are planning to publish a new edition of the Greek ballads. She tells tales of S[arah] Fitton's strange discharging of an undertaking. She rejoices that the college is going on well and hopes the atelier for drawing has prospered.  PP40/4/5/63  6 March [1850?]

Former reference: RF103/11/16

1 letter

Letter reporting that a French friend of MC is publishing an account of primary education in England: 'a very curious account as viewed by a foreigner'. MC claims to have 'quite as good an opinion' of universal suffrage as EJR 'providing the suffrage is upon a scale within the ken of the voter, for Instance any man ought to have a vote for the government of his own village... all the education in the world will never make a person competent to judge of what has not been under their eyes for years'. She opines that in [the United States of] America 'they are better cultivated yet they generally vote for the most low minded for the Congress... ' and gives an example of a carpenter she knows [in Paris] who got into trouble during every revolution through following 'the mob'. Mme de Lepel is 'in terrible spirits' because she took an apartment for three years and then found out that 'prices for food are nearly double what they are in Rome' and she 'has spent more than she can afford'. MC has 'taken particularly to Mrs Clark (Miss Coltman that was)' and 'delights in' the Brownings. 'This is still a nice place to live in spite of all, society is so easy and one may do what one pleases'. M. Mohl gets more to do every day: 'he is chosen to manage this that and the other. They have made him of the Commission of Management of the funds of the institute', which brings trouble and enemies 'because if there is cheating or mismanagement he must fight and does'.  PP40/4/5/64  [10] January 1852

Former reference: RF103/11/17

1 letter

Letter to Miss Sturch reporting that MC has not seen much of Mrs Mackay, although she liked her from first meeting. She loved the Tyrol and its people on recent visit. 'I dare say Switzerland is as fine but the Swiss with their love of money their off hand indifferent manner, their looking on strangers as if they were ballots of merchandise are absolutely disgusting to me'. She rejoices that the college is going so well and reports that M. Ranke is 'droller than ever'.  PP40/4/5/65  [1852]

Former reference: RF103/11/18

1 letter

Letter [to Miss Sturch and EJR] to be delivered by Miss James, who has lives six years in Turin. She wishes to 'be in connexion with some publishers in London' who would employ her as translator. MC asks that she might be introduced to Miss [H.C.] Skerrett 'Women should help each other', but despairs that women's education seems to be 'deficient in plain sense'.  PP40/4/5/66  [1853]

Former reference: RF103/11/19

1 letter

Letter reporting her plan to come to London towards 23 or 20 June, and recommending a 'jewel' of a French maid who wants to work in England. MC has had Mrs Gaskill [Elizabeth Gaskell] to 'Lionise' for a fortnight. She was staying with Mrs [Julie] Schwabe, but the latter had measles. 'She is the most agreeable literary Lady I have yet seen' (not counting her dear friend Miss [Elizabeth] Benger). She tells of her worries about Bella Smith's health.  PP40/4/5/67  17 [May 1853]

Former reference: RF103/11/20

1 letter

Letter from Anstey Pastures, Leicestershire, thanking EJR for her offer of accommodating Mlle Dupin, who is attempting to work as a governess in London. The Governess' Institution charge 15 s. per week 'too much for a thing that professes to be a benevolent institution'. MC's sister is mourning the death of her daughter [Selina Martin]: 'her religion... has taken entire possession of her soul... there is a difficulty in reasoning people like me to submit to believe without understanding, but... reason is a faculty that can only understand itself... there are possibilities it can't arrive at'. Discusses philosophers: Auguste Comte 'will explain everything, which appears to me is the most unreasonable of all pretentions', and 'passes for crazy at times'. Gives her opinion of metaphysics. Le Roux [Pierre Leroux?] 'has a 12 ill-brought up illegitemate children' - marriage is against his principles. She points out that it would not be wise to 'find another F[lorence] N[ightingale] for you [to help with the College] 'all F.N.s like to carry out their own systems...this one has not the slightest idea of being managed by all these ladies'. '[T]he very spirit that makes this College such a delight to you... is the organising it according to your own ideas'.  PP40/4/5/68  15 June [1853]

Former reference: RF103/11/21

1 letter

Letter arranging a position for a protégée of EJR, Miss Cooper. MC Wishes it to be a secret from the Carters and from Miss Becker. 'I am not like you, I hate to be plagued with [girls]'. 'I have given E[liza] Houghton the papers about Bedford Square College to take back to America as it might be of use there'.  PP40/4/5/69  10 July [1853]

Former reference: RF103/11/22

1 letter

Letter reporting Miss Cooper's claim that Mlle Dupin 'has not the delicacy of mind and conversation that would make it desirable to have her in Grenville Street'; she is accused of 'reading bad novels'. 'The market is overstocked' with governesses because 'heaps of coachmen and housekeepers and small tradespeople who are dying after gentility will make their daughters governesses and send them to these schools', but MC considers them ill-educated, and disagrees with educating people 'out of their position'. She hopes to travel to London with M. Roulin 'one of the most instructive travelling companions I ever saw' and asks EJR to tell her of a lodging 'without a certain animal in the beds'?  PP40/4/5/70  17 August [1853]

Former reference: RF103/11/23

1 letter

Letter to EJR and Miss Sturch recommending 'a very good amiable Italian lady Mme Carpi Susanni (?) who is to stay three months in London. MC is ill with 'the old enemy the stomach complaint' and is following a homeopathic treatment. She thinks [Mrs Gaskell's] 'Miss Bronte's Life' is 'admirable' and has heard that 'that wicked woman [Lady Scott] who caused so much harm to her brother [Branwell Bronte] is going to attack her for a libel'.  PP40/4/5/71  9 May [1857]

Former reference: RF103/11/24

1 letter

Letter making arrangements to stay with EJR. MC considers Mrs Gaskell's book [Life of Charlotte Bronte?] 'a masterpiece', but did not observe 'a single word against Miss Martineau'. She proposes 'much fun in calling Lady Scott the immaculate to all my religious friends'.  PP40/4/5/72  16 June 1857

Former reference: RF103/11/25

1 letter

Letter expressing astonishment that EJR has accused her of 'varieties' in her conduct. She admits that she has been more intimate with Miss Sturch than with EJR of recent years: 'my affection for you never varied but you did not want me, you were absorbed by the college'. Describes the lament of a husband whose wife was occupied by good works while he 'was fond of litterature (sic) and leisure' and how close her relations were with Florence Nightingale before 'her all absorbing pursuit came over her'. MC believes such absorption to be unhealthy. She comments on the way the [British] nation 'only does justice to Prince Albert now he is gone', and the French only appreciate the good qualities of the Orleans family now that they are ruined.  PP40/4/5/73  [Autumn? 1861]

Former reference: RF103/11/26

1 letter

Letter [from Cold Overton Hall] explaining that she is ill and is going home at the beginning of September. Ida [von Schmidt-Zabierow, her niece]'s little boy was seized with typhus on the 15th. She complains that the King of Prussia is doing 'every species of absurdity which will give a fine game to Louis Napoleon'.  PP40/4/5/74  27 [August 1862?]

Former reference: RF103/11/27

1 letter

Letter explaining that she remained at Cold Overton until 5th September, but 'could not consult the Dr there because I knew he would make me worse'. She reports that Mrs [Julie] Schwabe has gone to prison with Garibaldi and Louis Napoleon is setting one German sovereign against another in order to conquer the provinces on the Rhine.  PP40/4/5/75  13 [September 1862?]

Former reference: RF103/11/28

1 letter

Letter from Ramsgate asking EJR to tell Miss Sowton that she (MC) has failed to find a French teacher for Miss Sowton's school and warning her that a parcel containing a gold watch will be delivered.  PP40/4/5/76  24 February 1863

Former reference: RF103/11/29

1 letter

Letter explaining that she is making a present of a watch to one of her nieces as an incentive not to 'dawdle'. She considers that 'when ones friends take to being over-usefull...the best plan is to consider them as dead', since 'public men... care not a button for any one human being in particular, only for large numbers of human beings'. Mrs Gaskell is staying with MC: 'the [problems of unemployed] workers in Manchester' have 'worn her out and her children too'. MC worries that 'that stupid king of Prussia' will start a war and 'our wretch' [Louis Napoleon] will overrun Germany.  PP40/4/5/77  28 February [1863]

Former reference: RF103/11/30

1 letter

Letter reporting that Miss [Lucy] Aikin's letters are being published in the 'Athenaeum': MC is reminded of 'my earliest days and Miss Benger'. She wants M. Mohl to buy it for the Institut [de France], and describes the Institut's book-buying policies. She gives an account of her visit to Lake Como, staying with Mme Arconati, and describes the consternation of her Italian friends at the treaty of 15th September, which made Florence rather than Rome the capital city of Italy.  PP40/4/5/78  1 November 1864

Former reference: RF103/11/31

1 letter

Letter to EJR and Mary Sturch expressing her pleasure at good news of their health despite the very cold winter, and reporting that she is eagerly awaiting a copy of a book on Miss [Lucy] Aikin. She gives news of Pauline Irba, who has been travelling in Servia [Serbia] and is 'delighted' with 'those wild people' and their country.  PP40/4/5/79  3 January [1865]

Former reference: RF103/11/32

1 letter

Letter describing how 'Lucy Aikin' [Memoirs edited by Philip Hemery Le Breton?] has brought back memories of visiting Stoke Newington when she was a child, to dine at Dr Aikin's and then to Mrs [Anna] Barbauld, when MC cried 'at the idea of being with such wonderful people'. She wishes to borrow a book by Rammohun Roy, to quote his eloquence on the subject of 'cruelties and oppressions to which females are subjected by the stronger sex' in India.  PP40/4/5/80  30 January [1865]

Former reference: RF103/11/33

1 letter

Letter asking EJR to put some questions to Lucy Aikin's family about [her memoirs]. MC wonders 'why are not Channing's answers published?' and feels there are too few letters to her friends and family. She praises Miss Aikin's style, compared to 'the grievous slang called English in which people have written and spoken of late years', and deplores Macaulay's review of her 'Addison'. Remembering, and quoting part of, a poem called 'the balloon', she expresses regret that Miss Aikin 'could not abide me'.  PP40/4/5/81  19 February [1865]

Former reference: RF103/11/34

1 letter

Three envelopes, one addressed to 'Miss Sturch and Mrs Reid', two to 'Miss Sturch or Mrs Reid' at 'York Terrace 21 Regents Park'  PP40/4/5/82  [1860s]

Former reference: RF103/11/34

3 envelopes

Miscellaneous letters to EJR  PP40/4/6  1832-1864

Former reference: RF103/8-9, RF103/12

1 file

Contents:
Single letters and small groups of letters, arranged in alphabetical order of writers' names.

Letter from Lucy Aikin thanking EJR for sending 'admirable lecture by Mr Cairns [John Elliot Cairnes]'.  PP40/4/6/1  26 December [1863?]

Former reference: RF103/8/1

1 letter

Letter from Jessy Bayly, Warminster [Wiltshire], expressing appreciation for music lesson for her daughter Ella. Extolls the benefits the college has brought.  PP40/4/6/2  16 April [c.1860]

Former reference: RF103/8/2

1 letter

Letter from Anna Blackwell, 17 Charles Street, Westbourne Terrace [London], announcing her arrival in London and her hopes to introduce her 'charming Irish friend' Miss Johnstone, the Paris correspondent for the 'Englishwoman's Journal' and the 'Morning Star'.  PP40/4/6/3  13 June [c.1860]

Former reference: RF103/8/3

1 letter

Letter from Anne Brown, near Vevey in Switzerland, telling of her residence with her companion Miss von Muller in a chalet in the mountains near Clarensat for the summer. She had to leave Rome 'on account of the summer climate' and is too unwell to write herself. In May she went to Geneva to be mesmerised by M. Lafontaine, but 'he is now too old and undertakes too many patients a day to be able to do any good to any one of them'.  PP40/4/6/4  13 June [c.1860]

Former reference: RF103/8/4

1 letter

Letter from Ann Isabella, Lady Byron, Ockham Park [Ripley, Surrey], thanking EJR for acquiescing in Anna Jameson's change of plan about a visit.  PP40/4/6/5  31 March [c.1840]

Former reference: RF103/8/5

1 letter

Letter from Ann Isabella, Lady Byron, Tunbridge Wells [Kent], stating willingness to admit to her school a boy whom EJR recommends.  PP40/4/6/6  8 July [c.1840]

Former reference: RF103/8/6

1 letter

Letter from Richard W Champion, undergoing treatment at Bath Hospital for 'rheumatic affections'. Baron Dimsdale has commenced proceedings to set aside his cousin's will, which leaves some money to Champion.  PP40/4/6/7  20 October 1836

Former reference: RF103/8/7

1 letter

Letter [?from Catherine Clarkson, wife of Thomas Clarkson] announcing the death of James Grahame and telling of his last visit to her and her husband. His son-in-law, Mr Stewart, has returned to his home in Nantes, but 'gives an account of Mrs Grahame which makes me fear for her'. Grahame had expressed great admiration for 'your candour & forbearance after the grossmess and brutality of the attack [on book or pamphlet, 'Exposure']. 'What [Harriet Martineau] tells you of America...is confirmed by all that we hear'. Julia Smith was injured by the Baths at Kissingen. 'Mrs Wayne has given me an account of your visit' when 'our boy' made a good impression. 'Mary and the boy saw all the wonders of Derbyshire'. Last sheet missing  PP40/4/6/8  [1835?]

Former reference: RF103/8/8

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe, Red Lodge House, Bristol, reporting 'excellent accounts' of Theodore Parker and his plans to come to England.  PP40/4/6/9  [23 April 1859]

Former reference: RF103/8/9

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe, Newbridge House, Donabate, County Dublin, notifying EJR that Theodore Parker is in London.  PP40/4/6/10  [1859]

Former reference: RF103/8/10

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe, Belgrave House, Durdham, Bristol, asking EJR to help to place in newspapers Miss Eliot's lectures on reform of the workhouse system.  PP40/4/6/11  12 November [c.1860?]

Former reference: RF103/8/11

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe, Belgrave House, Durdham Down, Bristol, asking EJR to thank Miss Sturch for speaking to Mr Baynes 'about my papers'.  PP40/4/6/12  24 November [c.1860?]

Former reference: RF103/8/12

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe thanking EJR and Miss Sturch for their kindness about 'my letter in the Daily News'. The Workhouse Visiting Society plans to send a circular letter to every Union Board in England stating their plan and offering their services. Gives news of two Bedford College alumni, Annette Bracken (?) and Miss Chapple, visiting Milan.  PP40/4/6/13  [c.1860?]

Former reference: RF103/8/13

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe, Belgrave House [Durdham Down, Bristol], re proposals to place 'the 2nd Daily News letter' in the Liverpool Mercury.  PP40/4/6/14  [c.1860?]

Former reference: RF103/8/14

1 letter

Letter from Frances Power Cobbe reporting that her interest in America is unabated, and 'I am delighted with Mr Cairns [John Elliot Cairnes]'. The first volume of [Theodore] Parker's collected works will be out before Christmas.  PP40/4/6/15  [1863]

Former reference: RF103/8/15

1 letter

Letter from Anna Maria Hall asking for Harriet Martineau's autograph.  PP40/4/6/16  [c.1850?]

Former reference: RF103/8/16

1 letter

Letter from Frances Jones, from 5 New Buckenham Street [London], hoping to set up a school for 'children of the class you mention', to support herself and her daughters. Houses in central locations are too expensive, and she is considering Peckham.  PP40/4/6/17  7 December 1840

Former reference: RF103/8/17

1 letter

Letter from Florence Kelly, a Bedford College alumna, from Simonstown, South Africa, thanking EJR [for wedding congratulations?]. Says what happy memories she has of Bedford College. Miss Dornan (?) spent a few days with her last Easter 'but she was not one of the true College girls, not a genuine Grenvillite'. The climate of the Cape does not agree with her. Puts forward arguments for the confederate cause in the American Civil War. She and her husband find the southerners they meet at the naval base at Simonstown 'more high-minded & with more gentlemanly feelings than the Northerners'. Dislikes slavery, but 'the difficulty of what must be done with slaves, when liberated, should...weigh upon every mind'. The Cape has been almost ruined through the Emancipation Act. British officers tell stories of cheating and trickery in the actions to suppress the slave trade on the east and west coasts of Africa. Enclosed: photograph of herself and her husband.  PP40/4/6/18  16 August 1864

Former reference: RF103/8/18

1 letter

Letter from F. C. Lecomte about a protégée. She has found a young lady about 25 years old who would be suitable for the situation which EJR is offering, dividing her time between the College and Mrs Mackenzie's house. Mrs Chapman is completely taken up with the triumphs of Mrs [Harriet Beecher] Stowe - all the workers and the poorest people want to buy 'la bible de l'oncle Tom'.  PP40/4/6/19  [April 1853?]

Former reference: RF103/8/19

1 letter

Letter from R. W. Mackay, 40 Hamilton Terrace [London], refusing to make a donation towards paying the Professors at the College because 'the human mind, its history, and its triumphs, are not a part of the book of the great Builder of the Universe, why should I step forward to remunerate teachers in whose lessons I cannot acquiesce?'  PP40/4/6/20  [c.1850?]

Former reference: RF103/8/20

1 letter

Letter from W. C. Macready (?), 1 York Gate, [London], accepting invitation.  PP40/4/6/21  [c.1850?]

Former reference: RF103/8/21

1 letter

Letter from Jane Martineau, Taviton Street, [London], reporting that the Council [of Bedford College] is to ask Mr [Erasmus] Darwin whether it can meet at his house so that he can attend despite illness, and that Mrs Cormack has not settled which classes her daughters are to attend, so no change has been made to Miss Lewin's classes.  PP40/4/6/22  [c.1850?]

Former reference: RF103/8/22

1 letter

Letter from David Masson, 81 Avenue Road, London N.W., regretfully refusing her invitation since he is a volunteer and his corps is having a general muster.  PP40/4/6/23  11 January 1864

Former reference: RF103/8/23

1 letter

Letter from A. M. Elen Nicholas of Petersfield, Hampshire, a Bedford College alumna, expressing appreciation of EJR's interest in her work. Has little hope of succeeding in the face of 'the formidable opponents who are to be found among the candidates for the prize'. She thinks Professor [John Elliot] Cairnes a very interesting writer. She reports that 'Annette and Meta' are both trying for the Analysis Prize. She thanks EJR for sending Miss [Frances Power] Cobbe's tract, which they have already read and discussed at College.  PP40/4/6/24  31 August 1863

Former reference: RF103/8/24

1 letter

Letter from Wendell and Ann Phillips, Ligorno and Rome, Italy, reporting their disappointment that Ann's illness prevented them from touring Switzerland and North Italy as planned. Wendell describes their stay in Frankfurt, where he was interested to learn that Mrs Rothschild still lives in her little house in the Jewish quarter. Ann took the waters at Kissingen, but they did her more harm than good 'the Physician thought obstinately otherwise & really grew angry at the nonsense of a patient presuming to reason with her Doctor'. She thanks EJR for her help and care in her illness.  PP40/4/6/25  31 January & 15 March 1841

Former reference: RF103/8/25

1 letter

Letter from Wendell and Ann Phillips, [London], reporting that they have to leave England for home [Boston, Massachusetts, USA], expressing gratitude for EJR's kindness when Ann was ill. They ask EJR to thank Harriet Martineau for her 'noble, uncompromising letter' prefacing J.A. Collins's 'Right & Wrong'.  PP40/4/6/26  [Summer 1841]

Former reference: RF103/8/26

1 letter

Letter from E.H. Plumptre, Queen's College, London, sending a propectus and admission ticket for Queen's College.  PP40/4/6/27  16 April 1858

Former reference: RF103/8/27

1 letter

This letter has been ripped in half

Note from John Romilly, worried that EJR and Miss Acland would have had difficulty getting home from the Houses of Parliament after a debate had 'entirely failed'.  PP40/4/6/28  5 June [1850?]

Former reference: RF103/8/28

1 letter

Letter from Rammohun Roy, 48 Bedford Square, [London], regretfully declining invitation to join EJR and Mrs Roget.  PP40/4/6/29  6 January 1832

Former reference: RF103/8/29

1 letter

Letter from Rammohun Roy, 48 Bedford Square, [London], accepting EJR's invitation.  PP40/4/6/30  22 May 1832

Former reference: RF103/8/30

1 letter

Letter from Rammohun Roy, 48 Bedford Square, [London], accepting EJR's invitation.  PP40/4/6/31  3 June 1833

Former reference: RF103/8/31

1 letter

Letter from H. C. Skerrett, 41 Beaumont Street [London], thanking EJR for letting her read Miss Cobbe's letter (see PP40/4/6/9). Mr [Theodore] Parker's writings 'have my unqualified admiration', and she rejoices that there is good news of his health. She expresses her gratitude to Miss Sturch for her reports, which the writer needs for 'a negociation...with a Home at Hampstead'.  PP40/4/6/32  25 April [1859]

Former reference: RF103/8/32

1 letter

Letter from James Sowton, expressing surprise and grief at 'Emily's proposal to act contrary to your wishes' (with post script about leases of 'the Houses at Malcolm Place').  PP40/4/6/33  18 January 1849

Former reference: RF103/8/33

1 letter

Part of a letter from Mary Myrtilla Sowton, expressing happiness that 'another of the Miss Murrays' is to be married. First sheet missing  PP40/4/6/34  [c.1850]

Former reference: RF103/8/34

1 letter

Part of a letter from Mary Sturch, York Terrace [London], reporting that Fanny is weaker. Her journey to London was 'as pleasant as a railway journey can be'. Mr C[hapman] reads the 'Times', but it has not made him pro-slavery. 'The Englishwoman' had a horrible account of milliners' establishments in London: 'there can be nothing much worse in negro slavery'. Last sheet missing  PP40/4/6/35  13 September [c.1850]

Former reference: RF103/8/36

1 letter

Letter from Mary Sturch, Durdham Down [Bristol], reporting that Fanny is not not as ill as Mr C[hapman]'s letter implied. Mr C. Thornley called on Sunday, on his way from South Wales to London.  PP40/4/6/36  16 September [c.1850]

Former reference: RF103/8/37

1 letter

Letter from Rachel Thomas, 6 Grenville Street [London], glad to hear that EJR is better: 'we miss your kind face here and at the College your 'children' have been full of solicitude on your account'. She does not think 'it will chime in with Mr and Mrs Higginson's plans to admit into their family a young lady-inmate'.  PP40/4/6/37  26 April [1861]

Former reference: RF103/8/38

1 letter

Letter from Rachel Thomas, 6 Grenville Street [London], requesting loan of Pope's works, since she wants to read his 'Essay on Man' and 'The Rape of the Lock' with the students in the evenings: 'it would be a great preparation for the Reading Classes'.  PP40/4/6/38  [May 1861]

Former reference: RF103/8/39

1 letter

Letter from Rachel Thomas, 6 Grenville Street [London], glad to hear that EJR is better: 'we miss you much, but especially there [at the College], where you always seemed to be in your element'. Offers to be a go-between 'touching E. Black'. Annie Harrison is the leave the 'Home', though not the College: 'she is wanted at home'.  PP40/4/6/39  [May 1861]

Former reference: RF103/8/40

1 letter

Letter from Rachel Thomas, 6 Grenville Street [London], explaining about a perceived breach of confidence regarding the young lady who 'it was proposed to admit...into the sacredness of a Family circle'. Reports that 'It is difficult to inculcate a close respect for books in 6 Grenville Street, and I lament to say that a vol. of your Shakespeare...cannot be traced'.  PP40/4/6/40  [May 1861]

Former reference: RF103/8/41

1 letter

Note from Jessie Meriton White, Office of the Emancipation of Italy Fund Committee, arranging for collection of tickets.  PP40/4/6/41  12 January 1857

Former reference: RF103/8/42

1 letter

Letter from [illegible], 40 Nottingham Place [London], reporting on the recovery to health of [her daughter?] Ada, governess in the family of a Mr Bedford (?).  PP40/4/6/42  21 August [c.1840-1860]

Former reference: RF103/8/43

1 letter

Miscellaneous letters [not to EJR, but given to her for information?]  PP40/4/7  1787-1864

Former reference: RF103/9

6 documents

Cover [envelope] for a letter to Mrs Catherine Macauly Graham, London, annotated 'Novr 16 1787 Mount Verne', 'No 19 Queens Row, Knights Bridge', and 'Bath March 28th 1788 - Read & forwarded by Mrs M.G.'s most obt &c. W.S. Smith'  PP40/4/7/1  16 November 1787

Former reference: RF103/9/1

1 letter

Letter from Thomas Clarkson, Playford Hall [near Ipswich, Suffolk], to James Grahame, No 6 Granville Street (sic), Brunswick Square, London, arranging for Grahame to visit him. Wants to buy a copy of his 'work'. (see PP40/4/6/8)  PP40/4/7/2  6 November 1835

Former reference: RF103/9/2

1 letter

Letter from Lord Morpeth to Miss [Harriet] Martineau about the use of a piece of ground [adjoining her home in Ambleside?], which at present has sheep grazing on it.  PP40/4/7/3  26 August 1847

Former reference: RF103/9/3

1 letter

Letter from P. Geoffroy-St. Hilaire to Madame Mohl, about the youngest Mlle Dupin, Camille, who is running a school in the port of London  PP40/4/7/4  11 May [1853?]

Former reference: RF103/9/4

1 letter

Letter from 'Charlie', Murfreesboro, Tennessee [USA], to Miss Montgomery, describing his surroundings - 'a wild, unsettled sort of life', but he is living in the best house in the county, letting the upper half to his friend Mr Russel. The cotton crop 'promises to give us lots of pocket money', but one of his partners did not feel safe to stay overnight - 'he is known as an active loyal Tennesseean', and [Nathan Bedford] Forrest is making one more attempt on the railroad lines. Comments on the situation now that Atlanta has fallen, and on [Joseph] Wheeler's abilities. He himself is 'used to alarms' after military service in South Carolina. The [black] field hands 'are a poor weak people, but free labor & military service will give them confidence & strength'. Feels that giving former slaves the opportunity of free labour is making as much of a contribution as if he were in the army. Reports on the raid on the railway lines. Is confident that the govenment will be re-elected; there is no hope for the southern 'slave power'.  PP40/4/7/5  30 September and 5 October 1864

Former reference: RF103/9/5

1 letter

Part of a letter expressing delight at 'your project' [a co-educational school]: 'great benefit results...giving spirit to the girls & gentle manners to the boys'. Feels that such education would improve the 'tone of morality among us', giving men respect for women and women self-respect. First and last sheets missing  PP40/4/7/6  [c.1850?]

Former reference: RF103/9/6

1 letter

'Autograph letters'  PP40/4/8  1842-1854

Former reference: RF103/12

10 documents

Contents:
Letters which seem to have been separately grouped, possibly by EJR herself. All are from people who became very famous, and only four are addressed to EJR. It is possible that she collected the others foe their signatures, along with letters whose signatures survive in the autograph book (PP40/6).

Fragment of a letter from Elizabeth Barret Browning, [39 Devon]shire Place [London], to Mrs Hamilton, replying to an invitation and asking her whether she can find a suitable position for EBB's maid, Harriet Gray. With annotated transcript.  PP40/4/8/1  [July 1856]

Former reference: RF103/12/1

1 letter

Note from Charles Dickens, Hotel Meloni, Rome, to EJR [also in Rome], wishing her well as he departs.  PP40/4/8/2  25 March 1845

Former reference: RF103/12/2

1 letter

Letter from Fanny Kemble to Madame Mohl regretting that they will not meet again soon.  PP40/4/8/3  [n.d.]

Former reference: RF103/12/3

1 letter

Verse signed by Fanny Kemble.  PP40/4/8/4  [n.d.]

Former reference: RF103/12/4

1 document

Letter from Joseph Mazzini to 'Madame', asking her to send some letters to Monsieur Campanella at 24 rue Louis le Grand [Paris].  PP40/4/8/5  [c.1850?]

Former reference: RF103/12/5

1 letter

Letter from Florence Nightingale to EJR, suggesting two sisters, the Misses Draper, as Superintendent and Junior Superintendent of the College.  PP40/4/8/6  28 June 1854

Former reference: RF103/12/6

1 letter

Letter from W. M. Thackeray to Miss Atkins, asking her to make his apologies to EJR for not having replied to her invitation.  PP40/4/8/7  2 January 1845

Former reference: RF103/12/7

1 letter

Letter from Thomas Uwins, 41 Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square [London], asking EJR for subscriptions to the Artists' General Benevolent Fund.  PP40/4/8/8  23 May 1842

Former reference: RF103/12/8

1 letter

Note from Thomas Uwins inviting EJR to a private view of the pictures he will be exhibiting at the Royal Academy.  PP40/4/8/9  28 March [c.1850]

Former reference: RF103/12/9

1 letter

Collected material about the foundation of Bedford College  PP40/5  1832, 1848-9, [c.1860], [1938], 1965

Former reference: RF100/3, RF101/3/22, RF103/3, RF/103/6, RF103/7/13, RF103/14, RF104/1-2

6 files

Contents:
The material gathered into this section comprises notes on the letters and diaries of Henry Crabb Robinson (now in Dr Williams's Library, London), and on the letters of Harriet Martineau to EJR (the originals of which are no longer among the Bedford College archives); material donated to the College including papers of Sophia De Morgan; a letter giving first impressions of EJR; a copy of the letter laying the basis for the establishment of the Reid Trust (the original of which is in the College archives); and a small amount of correspondence about Dr John Reid and contemporary attitudes to mental health.

Typescript extracts from the diary of Henry Crabb Robinson, August 1839-May 1855, with list of all entries mentioning EJR and/or Bedford College, July 1838-April 1866.  PP40/5/1  [1938]

Former reference: RF104/1/1-70

140 sheets

Typescript extracts from the diary of Henry Crabb Robinson, June 1855-November 1866.  PP40/5/2  [1938]

Former reference: RF104/1/72-137

133 sheets

Typescript copies of correspondence of Henry Crabb Robinson, 1838-1866.  PP40/5/3  [1938]

Former reference: RF104/2

92 sheets

Papers of Mrs De Morgan  PP40/5/4  [1848-1849]

Former reference: RF103/3

24 documents

Contents:
Papers of Mrs De Morgan concerning the foundation of Bedford College, given to Bedford College in 1961 by Mrs De Morgan's great-great-granddaughter, Joan Antrobus. Sophia De Morgan, daughter of the mathematician and reformer William Frend, was the wife of Augustus De Morgan, Professor of Mathematics at University College, London. She seems to have acted as secretary to the early meetings of those interested in establishing a Ladies College, but, as this correspondence suggests, she may have been prevented from pursuing such an active role by illness. The papers were wrapped in a packet marked [in Mrs De Morgan's hand] '1849', but one letter seems more probably to date from 1848. They include the notes taken by Mrs De Morgan at early meetings [to set up the Ladies Committee?] in May 1849, the original draft of the prospectus, April 1849, and lists of committee members and patronesses, 1849. There is a typed transcript of each item. Also in the file is a copy of the letter offering them to Bedford College, 3 July 1961, ms notes about Augustus and Sophia De Morgan, and photocopies of two letters: one from Lady Byron to Mrs De Morgan [mid-19th century] and one from Lord Lovelace to 'Miss De Morgan', 1894, about his grandmother (Lady Byron)'s relationship with Lord Byron.

Part of a letter to Mrs De Morgan from EJR appealing for help in 'forming a College'. Includes an appreciation of an unnamed individual, in which EJR writes 'Is it not very perverse that all the best people will be Unitarians?'  PP40/5/4/1  22 May [1848]

Former reference: RF103/3/1

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from EJR (at Buckingham House, Clevedon [Somerset]), asking her, if she has any interest in the Governesses Institution, for support for Mrs Maria Richards, and thanking her for finding premises for the College. She suggests avoiding the secretary of the Governesses Institution, Mr Laing, and being 'as unobtrusive as possible'. Considering potential lecturers for the College, she comments upon Mr [Frederick] Maurice's lectures [at University College, London]: 'I don't object so much to his preaching the Atonement...as I do to his teaching nothing else'. Mr Newman and Mr Scott 'might give all', but there may be difficulties about Newman. Mr Trench's N[ew] T[estament] lectures are 'trash'; Mr Bigg and Mr Plumptre 'wd. not do at all'; Mrs Stoker is 'a very likely person'.  PP40/5/4/2  [February 1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/2

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from EJR (at Buckingham House, Clevedon [Somerset]), discussing the personnel of the Committee for the College. She does not know 'why at Queen's [College] we have two lists of ladies'. A meeting is to take place in which the potential Professors will be asked 'how far they think the ladies can help them'. Mrs Brodribb will be 'exactly the right person' to be a Visitor. EJR would like to have lectures by Anna Jameson on the history and literature of the fine arts.  PP40/5/4/3  [February 1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/3

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from EJR (at Buckingham House, Clevedon [Somerset]), commenting on the advantages and disadvantages of different locations proposed for the College. She advises consulting Mr [Frederick] Maurice and Mr [Charles Grenfell] Nicolay. Religious instruction is important, but she is not impressed with the lectures of Mr Maurice and his brother in law Mr Trench. She is 'perfectly happy' to back the College financially; she discusses the need for patronesses. There are pencilled notes on the back of the letter setting out costs and facilities of various properties.  PP40/5/4/4  [February 1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/4

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from EJR (at Wason's Hotel, Clevedon [Somerset]), bemoaning the fact that she has been occupied in looking after her brother as the search for premises for the College becomes urgent: 'we have Professors ready and pupils waiting'. She hopes there will be 'some connection' with Queen's College.  PP40/5/4/5  [March 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/5

1 letter

Note to Mrs De Morgan from Lady Byron, commenting on candidates [for the College Committee?].  PP40/5/4/6  5 May [1848?]

Former reference: RF103/3/6

1 letter

'Suggestions concerning the proposed College', by Lady Byron: patrons and patronesses should be called a 'Council of Gentlemen and Ladies', and only people who had made a great contribution to the 'Improvement of the Young' or those with 'influence or efficiency in promoting the objects of the Institution' should be nominated to it. She puts forward suggested names. She recommends putting Miss [H.C.] Skerrett, a sister of the Queen's secretary, on the Committee: 'easier to obtain the Queen's sanction'. She claims indifference to the presence or absence of her own name on the list, but advises 'get all the normal people you can'.  PP40/5/4/7  [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/7

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Sarah, Lady Pollock, arranging to meet and 'enter into the scheme'. She encloses Lady Byron's paper [PP40/5/4/7?] and is pleased that Queen's College 'will co-operate with us'.  PP40/5/4/8  [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/8

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Sarah, Lady Pollock, reporting that she has had no answer yet from Lady Coltman. 'The Chief Baron [her husband, Sir Jonathan Frederick Pollard] objects to my name being printed till he knows exactly what the plan of the whole thing is'.  PP40/5/4/9  [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/9

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Sarah, Lady Pollock, reporting that she has been 'seized with symptoms of a premature confinement' and is confined to bed for the next three months.  PP40/5/4/10  [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/10

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Anna Jameson explaining why she could not come into town from Ealing, asking for news and warning that 'there are public & private attempts to throw discredit on this new institution by representing it as sectarian...' She wishes to be 'empowered publicly to meet this charge'.  PP40/5/4/11  [1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/11

1 letter

Letter to Mrs [Ann] Scott from Emily Taylor proposing to meet her and Mrs De Morgan at 67 Harley Street [Queen's College] to make an appointment with Mr Nicolay and view the arrangements. Gives advice about musical instruction, and the benefits of hiring a female teacher: she recommends Miss Speyer, who was a pupil of Mendelssohn. 'She would probably do 2 guineas per term what Mr Bennet does for 3 - or any rate for 2½'. If the classes of the language professor increase very much, an assistant's post might be open to women as well as men: 'it is a great shame that Mr Hullah & other Professors are not always as willing to admit these as they should be'. [Mrs De Morgan has written 'Feb or March 1849' on this letter]  PP40/5/4/12  [February or March 1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/12

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Mrs [Ann] Scott arranging a meeting with Mrs [Hensleigh] Wedgwood.  PP40/5/4/13  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/13

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Mrs [Ann] Scott explaining that she has sent 'the list' to Mrs [Hensleigh] Wedgwood, and expressing surprise that Mrs Jameson's letter 'expresses so much...my husband's view of the College &...my own'  PP40/5/4/14  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/14

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Mrs [Ann] Scott explaining why she has not attempted to visit 'during your serious illness', telling of her plans for holidays and reporting on the latest meeting about the College: 'resolution to appoint a general committee consisting of Ladies & Gentlemen in equal numbers...and a sub-committee... to prepare proposals'.  PP40/5/4/15  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/15

1 letter

Letter to Mrs De Morgan from Mrs [Ann] Scott reporting on progress with the plans for the College: Mr [Alexander John] Scott was appointed on the executive committee and introduced Mr [John Sherren] Brewer of King's College and proposed others. Mrs Powel has been appointed Matron [on Dr Carpenter's recommendation?]. Dr Nicolay 'is also acting' and Mr [William] Shaen has been elected onto the Committee: 'I am sorry you object to him...his youth is to me no objection...'  PP40/5/4/16  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/16

1 letter

List [in the handwriting of Professor Augustus De Morgan] of ten points to be included in, or condidered for, the College prospectus.  PP40/5/4/17  [1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/17

1 letter

'The original draft of the Prospectus, altered afterwards by different ladies'  PP40/5/4/18  April 1849

Former reference: RF103/3/18

1 letter

Notes [by Mrs De Morgan] for a meeting between herself, Mrs Scott, Miss Julia Smith, EJR and Mrs Hensleigh Wedgwood (subsequently used as a wrapper for the bundle of documents now ref. PP40/5/4)  PP40/5/4/19  3 May [1849]

Former reference: RF103/3/19

1 letter

Notes [by Mrs De Morgan] for a meeting, with list of proposed lady visitors  PP40/5/4/20  [May 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/20

1 letter

List of (?) proposed Committee members  PP40/5/4/21  [May 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/21

1 letter

Lists of names, headed 'Committee'  PP40/5/4/22-23  [May 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/22-23

2 sheets of paper

List of names, headed 'Patronesses'  PP40/5/4/24  [May 1849?]

Former reference: RF103/3/24

1 sheet of paper

Notes on, and extracts from, letters from Harriet Martineau to EJR, 1837-1865  PP40/5/5  [c.1938]

Former reference: RF103/14

60 sheets

Administrative history:
The typescript notes were transferred to this file from one of the files of material relating to the writing of Margaret Tuke's History of Bedford College (RF130)

Contents:
Typescript notes [produced for Margaret Tuke's history of Bedford College], highlighting contents of the letters relevant to EJR, including some quotations. With manuscript 'extracts from letter of H. Martineau 1839-1858 omitted from typescript extracts'.

Letter from J. Jackson, a doctor or medical student newly arrived in London from Paris, to his father in Boston [Massachsetts, USA] reporting on his impressions about Dr William Stevens's saline treatment for cholera, and the friendly welcome given to him in England by Dr William Prout, Mr Lawford (a lawyer) and his family, and EJR  PP40/5/6  12 June 1832

Former reference: RF101/3/22

1 letter

Letter from Anna Jameson to 'Susan', commenting on an article in the 'Saturday Review' about Bessie Parkes: 'all women are to be maid servants in the lower classes & in higher classes kept in such a state of dependance that marriage shall be to them a necessity - while it is none to men'. With letter, 1915, from J.B. Horner, donating it to Bedford College.  PP40/5/7  15 November [c.1859]

Former reference: RF103/7/13

1 letter

Copy of letter from EJR to Jane Martineau and Eliza Bostock, [1860], giving instructions to them regarding Bedford College, laying the basis for the establishment of the Reid Trust.  PP40/5/8  [1938]

Former reference: RF103/6

1 document

Collected information about Dr John Reid  PP40/5/9  1965

Former reference: RF100/3

5 documents

Contents:
Letter from Dr Richard Hunter to the Principal of Bedford College 19 July 1965, about John Reid's medical career. With copy of an article in the Times Literary Supplement, 11 August 1961, re John Conolly (1794-1866), and the libels upon his work published in Charles Dickens's 'All the Year Round' in 1863

Autograph book  PP40/6  1834-1862

Former reference: RF105

1 volume

Contents:
Scrapbook containing letters and parts of letters bearing signatures.

Memorial Fund Book  PP40/7  1884-1885

Former reference: RF106

1 volume

Contents:
Volume recording contributors to the fund commemorating the life of Elizabeth Jesser Reid, and listing the books purchased by the fund for the College Library.

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The records described on this page are held by London University, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College