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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of FREDERICK SODDY, FRS (1877-1956)

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Reference CSAC 14.8.74
Covering dates 1894-1958
Held by Oxford University, Bodleian Library, Special Collections and Western Manuscripts
Extent 258 items
Archival history The collection,assembled from various sources,covers the years 1894 - 1958.
At his death in 1956,Soddy bequeathed his papers,notebooks and manuscripts to Major and Mrs. Howorth as his literary trustees. In 1958 Mrs. Howorth published a biography,Pioneer Research on the Atom...The Life Story of Frederick Soddy,New World Publications London,drawing on some of the manuscript material,which she numbered and arranged in the order in which it was used in her book (see Pioneer Research...pps 333 - 339). These documents,together with other material not used in the book and therefore unsorted and unnumbered,were subsequently deposited by Mrs. Howorth in the Bodleian Library,Oxford. The unused material (Sections VI - VIII of the present handlist) includes a substantial record of Soddy's work during the 1914 - 1918 War,not previously available (see Note to Section VI).
While preparing her book,Mrs. Howorth conducted an extensive correspondence with Soddy; she says that 300 letters were exchanged during 1953 - 54 alone (Pioneer Research...p.325). This correspondence is widely drawn upon in her book and appears to have contained matter of considerable biographical and scientific interest. In 1969 Mrs. Howorth lent 53 of the letters to Dr. T.J.Trenn,who returned them to her after making Xerox copies of 32 of them in whole or in part as research copies. Attempts to trace the originals have proved unsuccessful and Dr. Trenn's copies are now the only record. A set of second copies,which he has kindly made available,appears as Item 29,together with one of the originals which had been included with Mrs. Howorth's material left to the Bodleian Library.
Creators Soddy, Frederick, 1857-1956, scientist and chemist
Supplementary information Concordance of reference numbers used by Mrs Howorth with those used in this handlist, available at the Bodleian Library.
Related information A few printed books belonging to Soddy were accepted by the Radcliffe Science Library, Oxford.
Offprints presented to Soddy by W.H.Bragg were offered to the Archives of the Royal Institution for the Bragg Collection.
Models of Soddy's own design of Constant Speed Universal Joint Mechanisms were transferred to the Department of Engineering Science, Oxford about 1960.
The following material is held by the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford
Museum 74-1; parts of Soddy's machine for solving cubic equations with three real roots.
Museum 73-4; 19 boxes of slides prepared for Soddy's chemical lectures.
Manuscript material as described in the following extracts from the Museum's catalogue of manuscripts
MS Museum 121 FREDERICK SODDY A collection of manuscripts,typescripts,reviews and offprints including a collection of bills,letters,and certificates relating to radioactive samples; a manuscript notebook entitled 'Work on the scheme...started Feb.17th 1914,to look for "UR.2." an isotope of UrX2,producing Actinium in an X - ray change'; a set of notes,dated Mar.28 - Oct. 20,1913,on the separation of Ur.X & Y; three letters from Soddy to Brewer 1951 - 56; a letter to Brewer from T.E.Soddy,Oct. 17,1957; letter to Sir Harold Hartley from Brewer,Jan 3,1953; a typescript and working drawing entitled 'Soddy's Machine for solving the cubic equation with three real roots. Third model with positive linkages throughout. 3.III.56.'; an unsigned typewritten memorial speech on Soddy; a number of publishers' advertisements and reviews of Muriel Howorth, Pioneer Research...; a copy of Die Neue Zeitung,no.156,5 - 6,July 1952,with a photograph of Soddy; pamphlets and offprints.
MS Museum 126 FREDERICK SODDY Notes for twenty-three lectures on radioactivity; absorption,deposit and decay curves for radioactive substances (1914 and 1917); notes on Actinium.
MS Museum 160 FREDERICK SODDY Details of experiments of 19 December 1950, being a spectrograph anlysis of Professor Soddy's lead together with a letter from C.H.Collie relating to the experiment (3 September 1971)
A model of an unconventional internal combustion engine incorporating an unusual mechanical linkage. Designed by Professor F.Soddy,FRS.,Dr. Lee's Professor of Chemistry. Made by Mr. F.J.March,Chief Mechanic,Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory,late 1920's. Transferred from the Chemistry Department between 1 August 1959 and 31 July 1960
Note Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Harriot Weiskittel

Administrative history:
1877 b. Eastbourne
1891 - 94 Educated Eastbourne College
1894 - 95 University College of Wales,Aberystwyth
1895 Awarded Postmastership in Science,Merton College,Oxford
1896 - 98 Merton College,Oxford. Honours School of Natural Science (Class I)
1898 - 99 Private research in Oxford
1899 Unsuccessful application for Chair of Chemistry,Toronto
1900 - 03 Demonstrator,McGill University,Montreal
Work with Rutherford on Atomic Disentegration Theory
1901 Unsuccessful application for Chair of Chemistry,Aberystwyth
1903 - 04 Work with Ramsay,University College, London
Lecture tour to Australia
1903 Unsuccessful application for Fellowship,St. John's College,Oxford
1904 - 14 Lecturer in Physical Chemistry,Glasgow University
Work on Isotopes and Displacement Law
1908 Married Winifred Moller Beilby
1910 Fellow of the Royal Society
1912 Unsuccessful application for Waynflete Professorship of Chemistry, Oxford
1913 Cannizzaro Prize,Rome
1914 - 19 Professor of Chemistry,Aberdeen University
Work for Board of Invention and Research,and Ministry of Munitions of War
1919 - 36 Dr. Lee's Professor of Chemistry,Oxford
1921 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1934 LL.D.,Glasgow
1936 Death of Winifred Soddy
Resignation from Dr. Lee's Professorship of Chemistry
Work on mathematics

A large number of manuscript notebooks,remaining in the Department of Inorganic Chemistry,Oxford,was added to the collection with the permission of Professor J.S.Anderson,FRS. These books (Items 46 - 92 and 185 - 215) run from 1894 - 1956 and furnish a continuous picture of Soddy's professional activity throughout his life. They throw light on such matters as his researches as Dr. Lee's Professor of Chemistry at Oxford,and his later interest in mathematics (see Note to Section VII).
The Sections of the present handlist have been itemised chronologically
Unless otherwise stated,all items are manuscript. Titles in inverted commas are those which appear on the MSS.
I Biographical Material 1 - 28
II Material collected by Mrs. M.Howorth for Pioneer Research on the Atom 29 - 43A
III Printed material 44 - 45
IV Laboratory notebooks 46 - 92; 185 - 215
V Lectures,articles,addresses 93 - 126
Oxford 93 - 98
McGill 99 - 102
Glasgow 103 - 108
Aberdeen 109 - 114
VI Papers relating to Soddy's work in Aberdeen 1914 - 18 127 - 153
VII Papers relating to work on mathematical problems 155 - 172
VIII Publication :'The Story of Atomic Energy' 174 - 184
IX Correspondence 216 - 260

Biographical Material  CSAC 14.8.74/I  [n.d.]

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/1  1956-1974

Misc. printed memoirs and obituaries.
By Alexander (Lord) Fleck,Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society,3,1957; NATURE,no 4539,1956.
By F.A.Paneth,NATURE,no.4595,1957
MS. note by E.J.Bowen,January 1974

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/2  1921-1946

Misc. biographical information
'Extracts from R.S. "personal records" of Frederick Soddy.' 14 pp.
'The joint researches of Sir William Ramsay and Frederick Soddy.' 4 pp. ('Memo. prepared at request of Morris Travers March 1946') and corresp.
'Frederick Soddy,Nobel Prizeman in Chemistry,1921 (awarded 1922)' 2pp.; 'sent by with cards and 3 photos on 7.vii.50',with letter from Die Weltwoche.
Correspondence re Soddy's contribution to questionnaire 'The Nobel Prize during 50 years.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/3  1913

'Résumé of original investigations (1900 to Feb.1913) of Frederick Soddy,M.A.,F.R.S.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/4  1898

Souvenirs of Oxford; printed matter
Gastronomic menu
Examination papers
Humourous songs

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/5  1899

Testimonials to Soddy for Chair of Chemistry,Toronto
(Hon) George Brodrick
Sir John Conroy
A.Vernon Harcourt
William Odling
Sir William Ramsay (2)
John Watts

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/6  1901

Testimonials to Soddy for Chair of Chemistry,Aberystwyth
Henry T.Bovey
Frank Carter
John Cox (signed jointly)
Ernest (Lord) Rutherford (signed jointly)
J.Wallace Walker

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/7  1903 - 04

Testimonials to Soddy (of general reference)
W.Peterson (for Fellowship at St. John's College,Oxford)
Pierre Curie 1904

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/8  1904

Particulars of 6 University Extension Lectures given by Soddy in Australia,on 'Radium' and 'Modern Views on Electricity and Matter.'; printed matter.
Letters of thanks from W.Ernest Cooke,Sir Arthur W.Rücker

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/9  1910

Notice by Sir Harold Carpenter in 'The Eastbournian',on Soddy's election to Royal Society; printed matter.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/10  1910 - 57

Material relating to Royal Society;printed matter.
Soddy's election 1910
'R.S.Fellowship Group'; notes,memos,press-cuttings 1934 - 35
Correspondence between Royal Society and Major & Mrs. Howorth re book on Rutherford and Soddy 1956 - 57

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/11  1912

Testimonials to Soddy, and Application for Waynflate Professorship of Chemistry, Oxford
Sir William Crookes
Mario Curie
Sir Donald McAlister
Sir William Ramsay
Sir William Tildon

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/12  1913

CANNIZZARO PRIZE, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei; correspondence with Sir William Ramsay; notification of award; Soddy's letter of thanks (in French); press cuttings.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/13  1913-14

Diary, University of Glasgow, 1913 - 14

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/14  1914

Testimonials to Soddy for Chair of Chemistry, Aberdsen.
Sir Donald McAlister
Henry E.Armstrong
Sir William A.Tilden
Marie Curie
Ernest (Lord)Rutherford
Letter from Sir Donald McAlister on Soddy's election to Chair. 1914

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/15  1914-19

University of Aberdeen
Copy of magazine 'Alma Mater', 14 Nov.1914, contains 'Portrait of Professor Soddy'
Tpd.note on Soddy's years at Aberdeen, sent by Professor W.T.H.Williamson to M.Howorth,10 Nov. 1956
Ms. note by Soddy 'War Work of the Chemistry Department' Sept.22 1917
Copies of 'The Crucible',nos.1 and 2, 1919;contain article by Soddy, reprinted in Science and Life, 1920,pp.175 - 180, and farewell notice on Soddy's appointment to Oxford.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/16  1921

Misc. press-cuttings re Soddy's journey from Czechoslovakia with £70,000 radium; see also Items 193,201.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/17  1922

Letters of congratulation on Award of Nobel Prize.(not indexed)
Press-cutting from 'The Oxford Chronicle' on Soddy's Nobel Prize signed A.S.R. (Alexander Russell)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/18  1922-28

University of Oxford
Letter from Press Association on information furnished by Soddy re hoax played on Rector of Exeter 1923
Menu of dinner given for Soddy, Merton College 17 Jan.1923 1923
Petition to Privy Council, and reply, re Aldrichian Praelectorship in Chemistry 1927-28

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/19-23  1937-40

'Eastern Tour' to India, Ceylon, Malaya.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/19  1937-38

2 Notebooks of expenses and notes

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/20  1937-38

Papers and correspondence re visit to Travancore and extraction of monazite sand

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/21  1939

Correspondence with Stanford & Co., Clydebank,re commercial possibilities of thorium extraction.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/22  1940

Correspondence with G.T.Tupper (Min. Economic Warfare) on monazite sand.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/23  1940

Correspondence with Watson, Laidlaw, Glasgow on centrifuge.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/24  1950

'Frederick Soddy calling all Taxpayers' and 'Affidavit' against Commissioners of Inland Revenue,re protest against Special Contribution; printed matter. Note on failure of case. 1951
Press-cutting on Soddy's economic opinions 1931

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/25  1953

Correspondence with Harbour Master, Liverpool, re grounding of 'S.S.Merion' on Soddy's journey Boston-Liverpool in 1903

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/26  1953

'Just Fifty Years Ago', address on the occasion of the Radio-activity Julibee, Spring Symposium of the Institute of Atomic Information for the Layman; contains Soddy's account of his early work. Printed matter.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/27  1952-55

Nobel Conference 1952 - 55
Printed arrangements and lists of participants
German translation of Soddy's address in 1953
Copy of Soddy's address in 1954 (publ. New World Publications)
Copy of Mainau Statement on World Peace 1955
Correspondence with conference organisers 1955
Soddy's query on lecture by C.F.Powell 1953
Note from Soddy to M.Howorth on German translation of address to Lindan conference (see above) 1954 See also Item 164

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/28  1974

Mics. printed tributes to Soddy.
Particulars of Frederick Soddy Research Fellowship, University of Sussex

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/I/29  1952 - 56

Letters from Soddy to M.Howorth; Xerox copies of 32 letters, taken in 1969. 1 original, typescript and Ms 1955 (see note in Description of the collection, p.1.)

Material collected by M.Howorth for Pioneer Research... 1958  CSAC 14.8.74/II  [n.d.]

The period of Soddy's life to which the correspondence or material refers is given in brackets.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/30  1953 - 28

Correspondence with Otto Hahn (1903,1913 - 14); includes translation by Soddy of Hahn's letter of 23 March 1953,and additional comments by Soddy.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/31  1956 - 57

Correspondence with Alexander S. Russell(1909 - 11)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/32  1956

Correspondence with W.T.H.Williamson (1914 - 19, Aberdeen)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/33  1956

Correspondence with F.M.Brewer (Displacement Law) 1956
W.O.Kermack (1914 - 17) 1956

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/34  1956 - 58

Correspondencewith George de Hevesy (1911 - 12)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/35  1956 - 58

Correspondencewith Morris W.Travers (1903), and re methods of filing correspondence for her biography; includes offprint of Travers's note 'Ramsay and Helium',NATURE,135,1955,p.619.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/36  1957-1958

Correspondence with F.A.Paneth 1957-58
Correspondence with Sir Charles Darwin (1945) 1957
Correspondence with Registrar,U.C.N.W.Aberystwyth (1894 - 6) 1957

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/37  1956-1957

Correspondence with A.E.M.Geddes (1914) 1956
Correspondence with John A.Granston (1914 - 18) 1956 - 57

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/38  1956-1958

Correspondence with F.Joliot-Curie 1957
Correspondence with Sir Alliott Verdon-Roe 1957
Correspondence with Alexander (Lord) Fleck 1956 - 58

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/39  1957

Correspondence relating to Mrs. Soddy
From Mrs. Stella Brewer 1957
From Alexander Russell n.d.
From Mrs. Hilda Beilby; includes extracts from Soddy's letters written on holidays abroad 1929 - 37. 1957

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/40  1956-1959

Misc. correspondence from Royal Society 1956,1959
Chemical Society 1957
Geoffrey Mure 1957
Sir Douglas Veale 1957
Meteorological Office 1957
University of Cambridge 1956
Admiralty 1957
New Europe Group 1957

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/41  nd

Misc. press-cuttings

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/42  1957

Article by Otto Frisch on Nuclear Fission (New Scientist,23 May, 1957) and subsequent correspondence of M.Howorth and Editor.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/43  1957

Press-cutting,'Science and Religion', with correspondence of M.Howorth and Archbishop's Chaplain, Lambeth Palace.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/II/43A  nd

M.Howorth's Index to documents prepared for Pioneer Research...

Printed Material  CSAC 14.8.74/III  [n.d.]

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/III/44  1894 -

Misc. offprints or press-cuttings of articles by Soddy and collaborators; some with notes by Soddy and M.Howorth.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/III/45  1903 -

Misc. printed material relating to Soddy and his work; some with notes by Soddy and M.Howorth.

Laboratory Notebooks 46 - 92 and 185 - 215  CSAC 14.8.74/IV  [n.d.]

Source of acquisition: These notebooks were received from the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford.

Related information: See also nos. 185 - 215

Soddy assembled and numbered nos.47 - 63 in 1956 as a separate bundle (see note to no.46,below). The remaining notebooks had been used at various periods for different kinds of work, usually indicated by Soddy in a note on the cover or fly-leaf; they have been put in order of the earliest ascertainable date, with a brief description of the contents.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/46  1944 - 55

Small notebook.
Contains a note on separate card dated 23.vii.56, beginning: 'I have bundled up these Mathematical Note Books (I - XVII) in order with a smaller one on top....', and an addition dated 26.viii.56 'To my Executors. These Note Books are to be carefully preserved. If necessary consult Sir Richard Southwell about them.'
These notes indicate that at the end of his life (he entered hospital 28 August 1956 and died 22 September), Soddy considered the main importance of the notebooks to be his late mathematical work on cubic equations rather than the early researches in chemistry for which no.XVII (Item 63) was originally used. See also his last letter to M.Howorth (included in Item 29) for his concern to ensure the transfer of the notebooks to the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/47  1935

'I. Mathematical Note Book'; includes letter on radium from Sir Joseph Larmor, 1 May 1909.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/48  1941

'II Mathematical Note Book 10.11.41 - 15.12.41'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/49  1941 - 42

'III Mathematical Note Book 25.xii.41 -'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/50  1937 - 42

'IV Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/51  1944

'V Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/52  1944

'VI Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/53  1944

'VII Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/54  1944 - 45

'VIII Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/55  1944 - 45

'IX Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/56  1945

'X Mathematical Note Book'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/57  1946

'Mathematical Note Book XI'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/58  1946

'Mathematical Note Book XII'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/59  1946 - 47

'Mathematical Note Book XIII'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/60  1948

'Math.Note Book XIV'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/61  1948 - 49


[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/62  1949 - 55


[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/63  1900; 1920; 1955

'Maths XVII. Started 24.ix.1955'
'This END.notebook began in 1900. Abstracts and References of Radioactivity Papers.'
pps. 1 - 23 contain on right-hand page notes made by Soddy 1900 - 1903 and on the left-hand page mathematical notes dated 1956. There is a note on p.19 'unusual pps in Book XVII'.
The rear of the book is inscribed 'Historical Chemistry Notebook. August 1901' and contains two pages of chemistry notes, followed by heading 'Feb.1920 Notes on Economics.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/64  1894

'General Chemistry notes from various sources.U.C.W.Aberystwyth.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/65  1895 - 96

'Merton College Oxford.' Notes on books and articles read. See also no. 151

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/66  1896

'Abstracts of Original Papers. Merton College.Oxon.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/67  1896 - 97

'Chemistry Note Book. Merton Coll.Oct.1896'
'J.Watts M.A. on Organic Chemistry'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/68  1896

'Organic Chemistry Note Book. Merton Coll. Dec. 1896 Abstract of Meyer & Jacobson's Lehrbuch der Organ.Chemie. 'See also 71,98

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/69  1896, 1900

'Organic Chemistry Note Book. Merton Coll. Oct. 1896' Notes on lectures and books read.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/70  1896

'Chemistry Note Book.Merton Coll.Oct. 1896'. Lecture notes (incl. lectures by J.E.Marsh).

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/71  1897

'Organic Chemistry Note Book II. Merton College April 1897' Abstract of Meyer & Jacobson (cont. of 68).

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/72  nd

'Theoretical Chemistry.' Notes on books read. (perh. Aberystwyth or Oxford).

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/73  1897 - 98

Bound volume of typescript lectures on chemistry; spine reads 'Lectures - Veley, Walden, Elford'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/74  1900 - 12

Notebook. Inside: 'p. 0 to 20 Old unfinished work at Montreal (abandoned) p.20 June 15 1907. Resume of Ur - Ra expts.' Observations continue 1907 - 12.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/75  1898-1908

Notebook begun at Merton College, Oct. 1898; notes on expts. on camphor and report on them. (May refer to very early work at Eastbourne College). 1898
Rear of book reads 'March 1903. Chemical Laboratory University College, Gower Street'; notes of expts. on radium emanations. Expts. continue 1907 - 08.
1903 - 05; 1907 - 08

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/76  nd 1903

Misc. notes on expts.; loose pages 'Ideas for Research', one dated 1903.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/77  1905 - 19

Students' attendance books, with notes on hours worked, courses attended, examinations (some in other hands).

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/78  1908 - 09

Loose-leaf notebook; notes on expts. on Helium, Thorium, Uranium.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/79  1908

'Analysis of He results. see looseleaf note-book for details.' See no.78.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/80  1908 - 1910

Work on emanation from flasks; expt. results.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/81  1909 - 10

Notebook labelled 'J.Smith.Uranium Activity Measurements.' Notes on expts. on Nat. leak and activity in another hand on right-hand pages; identification of expts. by Soddy on left-hand pages.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/82  1910 - 13

Notebook: 'Fractionation of Mesothorium' begun in another hand, continued by Soddy.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/83  1910 - 13

Expts. on X-rays.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/84  1910; 1911

'Helium in Autunite'; diary of expts. with Russell.
At rear of book, further expts. & observations.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/85  1913

'Work on Uranium started on October 4th 1913'.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/86  1915 - 19

Notebook inscribed 'continuation of Mr. Cranston's work' (in various hands, mainly Soddy).

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/87  1915

Expts. & observations with thorite lead.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/88  1917 - 19

'Systematic Class 1917 - 18'. Notes for lectures and demonstrations.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/89  1918 - 19

'List of Experiments. Systematic Chemistry' in another hand. Soddy's note on flyleaf reads 'Winter.Session 1918/19'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/90  1919

'Aberdeen. Introductory Course of Physical Chemistry SS 1919'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/91  nd

Notes on elements; contains card with later Ms note 'Note Books & Reprints dealing with Research on the Parent of Actinium J.A. Cranston, Miss Hitchins, F.Soddy'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/92  nd

Notes on metals; perhaps Aberdeen.

Lectures, articles addresses  CSAC 14.8.74/V  [n.d.]

93-98 Oxford (Merton College)  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/93  1895

'Evans Prize Essay. Subject:The relations existing between the manner in which the atoms are linked together, and the physical properties of the resulting compounds.' 11th March 1895.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/94  nd

'The Isomerism of Oxims and their Derivations.' Typescript essay with Ms corrections; with 2-page resume of works read.Ms. n.d.
'The Work of Hittorf on the Migration of the Ions. An account of Lodge's direct determination of the same.' Typescript essay with Ms corrections and drawings. 10pp. n.d.
'Abstracts of essays by A.P.MacMillan'. Typescript. 6pp. n.d.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/95  1897

'The Relative Atomic Weights of Hydrogen and Oxygen.' Typescript essay with Ms.corrections and drawings. 22pp.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/96  1898

'The Pilgrim Fathers.' 'English verse composition competing for Sir Roger Newdigate's prize.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/97  1902 etc

Copies of various poems by Soddy; one published in McGill Magazine, no II, 1902.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/98  1899

'A New Theory of Aromatic Character.' A paper read before the O.U.Chemical Club, at the Museum, Oct.26,1899; typescript with Ms. corrections; page of Ms notes; letter from Sir Christopher Ingeld.

99 - 102 McGill University  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/99  1899 - 1900

'Lectures on the History of Chemistry from earliest times.' Series of 11 lectures given at McGill U. Lecture I typescript, lectures II - XI Ms.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/100  1900 (c)

'Alchemy and Chemistry'; lecture and notes for slides, typescript and Ms.
Ms notes from 'Les Origines de l'Alchimie' (Berthelot)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/101  1900 - 01

'Chemical Evidence of the Indivisibility of the Atom.' 32pp.
5 pp. notes of 'Lockeyer's Views.'
Account of a controversial debate with Rutherford at a meeting of McGill Physical Society.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/102  1900 - 02

'Gas Analysis.'; series of lectures given at McGill.; Ms notes for 6 lectures and 6 practical classes; 2-page summary of course.

103 - 108 Glasgow University  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/103  1911, 1919

'Report on the Electric Furnace Experiments at Cassel Cyanide Co's Works at Maryhill, Glasgow, under the auspices of Sir George Beilby. April to November 1911.'
'Specification of Accumulator Battery....' signed F.S. 1919

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/104  nd

11 envelopes

Misc. working papers, research notes and correspondence, Glasgow.; includes Soddy's later note 'Mainly only of Interest now for Reference Purposes' etc.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/105  1913

Keith Lectures given at Glasgow on 'Radioactivity'; 4 lectures, syllabus, annotated typescripts, summaries etc.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/106  1913

'The Evolution of Matter.' Citizens' Lecture given in the Digbeth Institute, Birmingham, 16 September; 2 typescripts, Ms list of slides and experiments.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/107  1913

Lecture on Women's Suffrage; delivered at Caxton Hall, London.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/108  1914

'The Influence of Scientific Advances upon Life.' Lecture given in Glasgow, June 1914. Typescript and Ms.corrections.

109 - 114 Aberdeen University  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/109  1915

'Systematic Class. Opening Lecture 14/10/15
'Data'; notes on Thorite.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/110  1915

British Association Discussion on Isotopes.
'Notes of Opening Remarks.'
'Radio - Elements, The Periodic Law & Isotopic Elements.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/111  1915

'Advances in the Study of Radio-Active Bodies.' (Lectures at Royal Institution 15 and 18 May 1915.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/112  1915

'The Social Effect of Recent Advances in Physical Science (with special reference to the discovery of Radium) 5/2/15'
2 copies of lecture delivered to Workers' Educational Association, Aberdeen.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/113  1915, 1923

Obituary notice of Wilhelm Conrad von Rontgen, with correspondence.
Soddy prepared the obituary for the Glasgow Herald in 1915 and wrote to claim payment in 1923 when the notice was printed.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/114  1916 - 18

Lectures and Expts. at Aberdeen
1. 'A Definition of Chemistry' 1916
2. 'The Spontaneous Transmutation of the Elements'; plan, notes of slides, demonstrations, lecture script. 1916
3. 'Digest of Successful Experiments' 1917
4. '1917 Experiments' 1917
5. 'Introductory Lecture 1917/18' 1917/18
6. 'Scientific & Sociological. The Social Abuse of Science' 1918
7. 'Opening Lecture 1918/19 Session' 1918
8. 'Science & Human Welfare.I Chemistry' (WEA lecture) 1918

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/115  1922

'The Origin of the Conception of Isotopes.' Nobel lecture delivered at Stockholm, 12 December 1922; printed copy with Ms notes.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/116  1929

'My solution of the present world depression. Science must perh. lead.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/117  1934

'The Lord R.of Nelson. The Periodic Law and its Interpretation.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/118  1935

Lecture on Hooke's Joint, given at Tercentenary Celebrations, Oxford.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/119  1935

'Money the Mischief-Maker. Luncheon address to Rotary Clubs of Aylesbury & High Wycombe.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/120  1940

'Some personal memories of the earlier years of Sir Harold Carpenter's career.'; typescript with Ms annotations 4pp.
Printed obituaries of Carpenter.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/121  1947

'An Independent Scientist's Views on the Economic and Political Possibilities of Atomic Energy for the Future.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/122  1951

'The Constitutional Justification for Resisting Tax-Payments.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/123  1949

'The Story of Atomic Energy and its Lesson.' (Lecture to New Europe Group).

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/124  1950

'Why a larger pay-packet now buys less than it did.' (Lecture to New Europe Group); with related correspondence.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/125  1951

'How Isotopes were discovered.' (Talk broadcast in 'Science Survey' with related correspondence with Sir Henry Dale, Dr. Archie Clow, F.A.Paneth, W.O.Kermack.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/V/126  1954

'Is the deterioration of the climate due to the radioactive Pollution of the Atmosphere ?'

Papers relating to Soddy's work in Aberdeen  CSAC 14.8.74/VI  1914 - 1918

Arrangement: The papers remaining in or with the envelopes have been put in date order where possible; Soddy's descriptive notes continue to accompany the papers with which they were found.

Soddy re-read and sorted many of these papers during 1952 - 56, in some cases apparently intending to resume work on certain inventions and patents, as well as to provide information for his executor or biographer. He left the papers in bundles or envelopes, with notes on their contents.
Though neither Lord Fleck in his Biographical Memoir for the Royal Society, nor Mrs. Howorth in her biography, made great use of this material, it is probable that the contents of the envelopes have been disturbed, and some of them removed. Loose papers on various projects and patent rights dealing with the 1914 - 18 period, and the related correspondence, were found elsewhere in the collection.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/127  nd

'List of Admiralty Stuff'. (M.Howorth's list, included with her files of Soddy's papers. Not all the items on the list are identifiable.)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/128  1917

'B.I.R. Notes from Mar 30th/17' (Notebook of expts. on Alkali Boiler

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/129  nd

Black notebook of notes, expts, & calculns. on alkali boiler

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/130  1916

Work on Alkali Boiler
1. Report to Admiralty by Soddy and Stoney
2. Corresp. re Patent for Fireless Boiler
3. Ms: The Theory of the Film-Flow Alkali Boiler
4. Ms: 'Report on the Alkali Boiler' July 1916
5. Ms: 'Second Report...Alkali Boiler' July 1916
6. Misc. blueprints, drawings, photograph of apparatus

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/131  1941 - 52

Later work on Alkali Boiler
5 notebooks of notes and calculations variously dated
1. 23/5/41
2. 'Resumed Jan 1952 hand Alkali Boiler'
3. 'Alkali Boiler. Started 24th March 1952'
4. 'Alkali Boiler...Started 25 Apr. 1952'
5. 'Jan 10th 1952 Notes on the Soda Boiler Work'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/132  1916, 1952

Secret Patent 5527/16
'Improvements in and relating to Fireless Boilers'; includes folder annotated by Soddy 1952.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/133  1916

'Soda Boiler'; report, chart and drawings by Soddy and Stoney

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/134  nd 1956

'Professor Soddy's Emanation Gauge' (drawing of apparatus). Inscribed on outside: 'July 31 - 1956. These are log scale of the decay of RADON Never published or used that might be of use to say Dr. Russ X ray Dept. Middlesex Hospital London. F.S.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/135  1952

Bundle of misc. charts, graphs, blueprints, calculations and diagrams (not all in Soddy's hand), inscribed by him 'July 24th 1952. Retained as containing originals of drawings in the two Secret Reports plus some others.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136  1916 - 18


[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/1  1916

3 Ms letters to Gerald Stoney from Soddy, with calculations etc.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/2  1916

'Concentrator Problems.' (by Stoney)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/3  1916

Soddy's folder: 'Tests of Various Alloy Steels in New Alloy Pot...' (expts., calculns., reports by Sir Henry Carpenter etc.)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/4  1917

Corresp. and report by Stoney

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/5  nd

Soddy's remarks on Stoney's report.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/6  1918

Printed letter from Sir Oswyn Murray dissolving Technical Sub-Committee, Board of Invention & Research.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/136/7  1952

Explanatory note by Soddy, dated 24.vii.1952

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/137  1917 - 18


[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/137/1  1917

Photograph and description of model

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/137/2  1917

Report and corresp. from Gerald Stoney

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/137/3  1918

Corresp. between Soddy and Board of Invention and Research.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/137/4  nd

Drawing of model

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/138  1917 - 18 and 1957

Misc. correspondence on 'Concentrators' and on Soddy's wartime work at Aberdeen

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/139  1917

All enclosed in envelope bearing notes by Soddy dated 15.v.1952

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/139/1  1917

Ms: 'Experiments on Flow' March 28

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/139/2  nd

Ms 'Conductivities' (expts. & calculns)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/139/3  perch. 1916

Ms 'Collecting all the Best Results from the Recalculated Data.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/139/4  nd

Ms 'Secondary Boiler dispensed with'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/139/5  1917

Ms Expts. & Calculns.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/140  1917 - 18

Envelope: 'Private Receipts 1917/1918 Gas Works Research'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/141  nd

Notes on experiments
- On washing coke oven gas with milk of lime (signed Masefield) n.d.
- On sulphuric acid as a drying reagant (signed Royle) n.d.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/142  nd

'Gravity Method of continuous Determination of the Specific Gravity of a Stream of gas.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/143  1952, 1954

Notes by Soddy dated 15.v.1952, 24.vii.1952, May 4th 1954. (Found with nos.144, 145, though probably referring to other material later removed)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/144  1918

Misc. correspondence and reports on ethylene extraction, exchanged with Ministry of Munitions of War, Explosives Dept. March - Sept.1918

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145  1916 - 19

Misc. correspondence, mainly on Patent Applications arising out of Soddy's War Work

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/1  nd

Note on Patent Law.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/2  1916

Corresp. re Secret Patent on Fireless Boiler

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/3  1916

Corresp. re Secret Patent on Steam Turbines

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/4  1917

Corresp. re Secret Patent on Concentrators

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/5  1918

Corresp. with Patent Agents re searches

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/6  1918

Corresp. re supply of machinery

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/7  1918

Corresp. re purification of charcoal in military respirators (Chemical Warfare Dept.)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/8  1919

Corresp. re gas purification

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/145/9  1919

Corresp. re alcohol as fuel

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146  1918 - 19

Work on ethylene extraction from coal gas

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/1  1918

Chronicle of events March - Aug.1918

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/2  1918

'Diary of Charcoal Events, written 4th Sept.1918'
(Ms. in Soddy's hand)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/3  nd

Corresp. and telegrams re Soddy's Patent application, exchanged with Ministry of Munitions of War.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/4  nd

Corresp. re experiments, exchanged with Min. Munitions and Aberdeen Gas Co.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/5  nd

Corresp. re Soddy's Patent application

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/6  1918

Account of Demonstration at Aberdeen Gas Works

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/7  1919

Notes of 'Expenses Charcoal Research 1919'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/8  nd

Note (incomplete) 'Ethylene Research'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/146/9  1897

Specification on Ethylene extraction by Dr. Paul Fritzche

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/147  1918

Black Exercise bk. inscribed 'War Work 1914/19'; at back of book 'Expts. at Aberdeen Gas Works beginning 27/May/1918. (Some loose pages)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/148  1918

Blue ex.bk. 1918 charcoal expts.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/149, 150  1918

Two examination books 'University of Aberdeen', with notes of gas expts. (not all in Soddy's hand.)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/151  1896, 1918

Notebook, 'Merton College 7th June 1896 Organic Chemistry Notes.' See also Item 65; pp 1 - 20, notes from Schorlemmer, Rise and Development of Organic Chemistry; pp 22 - 63, notes of charcoal expts. May-Nov. 1918

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/152  1922, 1952

Blue ex. bk. resuming work on Alkali Boiler, inscribed 'Begun 8.III.52'; includes loose pages of calculns. inscribed 'August 19/1922 New Shortened Process.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/153  1941, 1952

Red ex. bk. inscribed 'Started Aug.29th 1941'; notes and calculns. of resumed work on Soda Boiler; with further notes at rear and detailed explanatory note by Soddy dated 22 Feb.1952

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VI/154  nd


Work on Mathematical Problems  CSAC 14.8.74/VII  [n.d.]

Related information: (See also Notebooks 47 - 63)

Administrative history:
From about 1936, Soddy became increasingly interested in mathematical problems, especially the geometry of the circle. He published papers in NATURE (1936 - 37) and Proc.Roy.Soc.(1942 - 43), and devoted much time in his later years to cubic equations.

Like the notebooks, the manuscripts and working papers on mathematics often bear explanatory notes dated 1955 - 56 indicative of the value Soddy attached to them. It seems likely that, as with the papers in Section VI on his work at Aberdeen, the order of the manuscripts has been disturbed although only Items 155 - 158 appear on Mrs. Howorth's list of documents used in her biography.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/155  nd

Misc. figures and diagrams for published work on circles

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/156  1936 - 37, and 1956

'The Kiss Precise, The Hexlet and The Bowl of Integers'. (Offprint of Soddy's articles and ensuing corresp. in NATURE 1936 - 37); later corresp. between M.Howorth and Editors of NATURE 1956

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/157  nd

Related information: See also Item 160.

Ms 'Wheels within Wheels'; Ms 'Preface'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/158  1935 - 37

Corresp. with: A.S.Gosset Tanner

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/159  1936 - 56

Work on 'Kissing Circles.'
Includes note by Soddy dated August 23rd 1956: 'This bundle contains the MSS (2 copies) of unpublished book on Kissing Circles and cognate Note Books preserved, after sorting out as much as possible for destruction....'
Contains: 2 annotated copies of booklet of articles and corresp. in NATURE, one with Soddy's note dated 23 Aug.1956 referred to above
La Nature 15 mai 1937 (contains translation of poem and article in NATURE.
'The Hexlet', 'The Kiss Precise', corrected Nse. 1936.
'The Kiss Precise', 2 copies corrected Nse, with envelope dated 31.III.55.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/160  nd

'Wheels within Wheels. The General Solution by Elementary Algebra & Euclid of the PROBLEM of the FOUR-FOLD KISS.' (This is presumably the unpublished book referred to in 159 above)
2 copies of heavily-corrected Mss as follows
General Nature of the Problem
The Theorem of the Graded Bead Necklace
The Inductive Approach
The First Curvature Law
The Second Curvature Law
Appendix of Working Details

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/161  1936 - 1956

'Wheels within Wheels.' Notebook of calculns, and notes. 1936 - 37, 1940
Revisions 1940, with a note inside front cover. 1940
Further note inside front cover dated Aug.23 1956 concerning unpublished work in notebook. 1956

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/162  1949

'The One-Coefficient Standard Cubic Equation' (paper submitted to Royal Society August 1949, and returned 6 Dec. 1949)
Ms. drafts, tables of calculns, copy of letter accompanying Ms.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/163  1955

'Cubic Ratios by Euclidean Construction.'
2 corrected Mss.
Envelope of figures, inscribed 'Rejected R.S. paper & drawings (Euclid Method & cubic relations)'
Letter from Royal Society declining to publish Ms.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/164  1955

'The Cubic Equation with three real roots: Its geometrical Solution and the Machine that solves it.'
(Delivered as lecture to Nobel Conference 1954) See also Item 27
2 corrected Mss.
Specification of machine.
German translation of article.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/165  nd

Misc. mathematical calculns. on cubic ratios and cubic equations

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/166  nd

Misc. mathematical calculns

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/167  1955

2 envelopes of drawings, diagrams and figures for work on 'Kissing Circles'; each envelope bears Soddy's note and description dated July 1955

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/168  1937

Corresp. re publication of translation of Soddy's article 'The Bowl of Integers' in La Nature, April 1937; see 159 above

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/169  1937

Corresp. on circles with J.Hodgkinson

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/170  1936

Corresp. with Therold Gosset, with note 'Sorted and arranged 20.XI.38'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/171  1937

Corresp. with Therold Gosset Jan-Feb.1937

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/172  1951 - 53

Corresp. with Harold Scott MacDonald Coreter on inter-looked spheres, with related offprints and articles

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VII/173  nd


Publications  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Soddy's book, 'Interpretation of the Atom' was published by Murray in 1932. The material was extensively revised by Soddy 1940 - 46 for a projected work to be called 'Real Alchemy'. The book was published 1947, 1954 under the title 'The Story of Atomic Energy.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/174  1945

Brown ex.bk.Misc. notes on books read, mainly on Atomic Piles

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/175  nd

Blue ex.bk. Draft for book on History of Atomic Physics, with notes on back cover for proposed lay-out of book

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/176  1945

Red Cash bk. inscribed 'Interpretation of the Atom. Revision.' With further notes and insertions at front and back of book. Some pages dated 1945

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/177  1940 - 45

Grey ex.bk. labelled in M.Howorth's hand 'Original of Interpretation of the Atom publ. by Murray 1932'. Inside, in Soddy's hand 'Interpretation of the Atom and Modern Alchemy Revision 1940'. Both ends of book used. Includes undated letter from Victor Gollancz on 'Save Europe Now.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/178,179  1947

2 brown ex.bks., inscribed 'Re-re-re-revision of I.O.A. = Real Alchemy.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/180  nd

Blue ex.bk. 'The Atom & Energy prior to this Twentieth Century.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/181  1947

Misc. notes, mainly for index to 'The Story of Atomic Energy'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/182  1954

Ms. Foreword to 1954 edition of 'The Story of Atomic Energy'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/183  nd

Purple ex.bk., covers only. Notes on publishers' rights in new version of book, labelled 'Abstract of Solicitors Case'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/VIII/184  1946

Administrative history:
(A revised version of this work was published as 'The Story of Atomic Energy.')

Ms 'Real Alchemy and the Release of Atomic Energy'; includes note by Soddy dated Dec.5 1947

Notebooks and Working Papers  CSAC 14.8.74/IV  [n.d.]

Source of acquisition: These were received from the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford subsequent to Items 46 - 92.

Related information: (See Also Items 46 - 92)

Some complement the earlier series, but the majority relate to Soddy's work on various radioactive minerals during his tenure of Dr. Lee's Professorship of Chemistry, Oxford.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/185  1905 - 17

Notebook inscribed 'Private Research Notes Commenced Dec. 1905. F. Soddy. Senior Chemistry Lab. Glasgow University.'; contains note on expts. on radioactive materials 1905 - 07.
At rear of book: 'Work with T.D.Mackenzie on the Origin of Radium', 'Experiments on the particle by the Electroscope Method', also misc. expts. continued at Aberdeen. 1905 - 06; 1906; 1907 - 17

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/186  1908 - 09

Green ex.bk. Expts. mainly on emanation

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/187  1910 - 14

Black notebook 'Radium Tests commenced 29/8/10'. (Not all in Soddy's hand.)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/188  1911 - 15

Black notebook 'Ceylon Thorite.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/189  1915 and 1921 - 22

Black ex. bk. 'War Work 1915 at each end. Thorium work May 1921 to Oct. 1922.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/190  1910 - 17

Pale green ex.bk. 'Note on measurements as late as 1917 of preps. as early as 1910.' (with some loose pages)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/191  1919

Black notebook. Inventory of equipment. 'Inventory of Silver in Chest 29/9/19'; also note of furniture etc. bought on move to Oxford

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/192  1919

'Apparatus purchased by Professor Soddy Sep.8th from Aberdeen University' and Soddy's cheque for £125.11.11

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/193  1921

Small black notebook, with addresses and travel arrangements for journey to Prague to buy supply of uranium from Joachimsthal Mines. Also various calculns. and, at rear of book, particulars of terms of purchase. See also 16,201

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/194  1919 - 20

Dark red ex.bk. 'First Book on Working up Monazite Jan-Sep. 1920.'; also contains work on Uranium 1919

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/195  1920 - 21

Beige ex.bk. '1st. Workings up of Travancore Monazite Sand 15.IX.20 - 15.XI.20' (in various hands)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/196  1920

Pale blue ex.bk. 'Working up of Travancore Monazite Sand 16.XI.20 - 23.IV.21'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/197  1920 - 21; 1939

Dark blue ex.bk. 'Work on Monazite (Oxford) Sept. 1920 - Dec. 1921'; also note by Soddy on front page dated 30.9.39

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/198  1921 - 22; 1939

Black ex.bk. 'Working up of Travancore Monazite Sand 12.3.21-8.3.22.'; note at end dated Apr. 1939

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/199  1925

Red ex.bk. 'Measurements on Ra Ac (Miss H.) May 1925 (started) over several years'. (Reference is to Miss A.Hitchens)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/200  1927

Thesis on Alpha Rays of Actinium, submitted for D.Phil.Oxford by Marchese Paulo Misciatelli. (Soddy was the Supervisor of this thesis and wrote about the work to Professor Parravano, Rome, in an accompanying letter)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/201  1921 - 22

Work on radium extraction and activity, by Soddy, Miss A. Hitchens, Mr. Reilly; includes correspondence with Radium Corporation of Czecho-Slovakia. See also 16,193

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/202  1925 - 26

Work by Miss A.Hitchens on separation of Ac and Io in Pitchblende

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/203  1925 - 26

Corresp. and tests with C.H.Bosanquet; X-ray spectrometer tests on rare-earth mixtures separated from pitchblende

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/204  1926

Misc. notes and papers on pitchblende; includes work by Miss A.Hitchens and J.K. Marsh

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/205  nd

Ms. notes and papers on Thorium and Uranium in Monazite sand (signed S.I.)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/206  nd

Ms. notes on Activity of Ionium; in various hands

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/207  1938 - 39

Expts. by Soddy on monazite sand

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/208  nd

Notes and expts. by Soddy and Miss A.Hitchens, with undated note by Soddy: 'Batch of loose papers, retained from pre-resignation work on Monazite...'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/209  1934 - 35; 1939

9 sets of candidates' examination answer-books, numbered In - IXn; detailed expts. on ray measurements. 1 answer-book 'test of new apparatus'.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/210  1937

Small black notebook, 'Museum House Store Room etc. Inventory Feb. 1937'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/211  perh1937

Small black notebook, 'RAD. STORES etc.'; inventory of radioactive residues; also data on X-ray spectrograph

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/212  1924 and 1932 - 35

Dark red ex.bk. 'Work on Ac mainly'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/213  1922 and 1937 - 39

'Monazite Oct.22 - Feb.27 resumed in Museum House June 1937 - June 1939.'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/214  1939 - 41

'Monazite Aug. 1939 - May 1941'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IV/215  nd

Misc. offprints by other scientists on rare-earths, X-ray spectra etc

Correspondence  CSAC 14.8.74/IX  [n.d.]

Archival history:
The majority comes from M.Howorth's collection. Additional letters found in the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford, are marked with an asterisk.

Arrangement: The correspondence is arranged chronologically.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/216  nd

Misc. references for students. (Not sorted or indexed)

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/217  1905

Corr. with Dept. of Coins and Medals, British Museum re Soddy's request to examine B.M. coins for chemical reaction (declined by Trustees); letters exchanged with Barclay V.Head, G.F.Hill, E. Thompson

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/218  1913

*Letter from K.A.Fajans 19.x.13

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/219  1914

*Letters from Howard A.Kelly, Charles L.Parsons,Karl L. Kithil re despatch to Soddy in Glasgow of carnotite ore from Bureau of Mines,Colorado,in co-operation with National Radium Institute

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/220  1914, 1920

2 letters from A.J.Balfour

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/221  1916; perh.1914

Corresp. with University of Glasgow re work submitted for D.Sc. by Alexander (Lord) Fleck
Undated Ms. reference for Fleck supporting his application for a Fellowship and describing scientific work done in collaboration.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/222  1913; 1919

Reference by Soddy for Alexander Russell (later Student of Christ Church,Oxford) as Lecturer, Westminster Training Coll. Later testimonial for Russell.

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/223  1920

Misc. letters of thanks to Soddy for complimentary copies of Science and Life; includes letters from Mando Royden, Rutherford,H.G.Wells

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/224  1923, 1928

*Corr.reJohn Ernest Marsh,renewal of Fellowship,Merton College,Oxford

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/225  1923 - 24

*Corr. with Radium Belge re shipment of Katanga Uranium ores for work at Oxford

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/226  1925

*Corr. with Alexander Russell re work on uranyl mitrate; includes Ms by Soddy 'Résumé of Work on the Uranium Compounds'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/227  1926

*Corr.with Frederick M.Brewer; request for testimonial and copy of Soddy's testimonial in reply

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/228  1927

Corr. with Rutherford re specimens of thorium load

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/229  1927

Misc. corr. re specimen of thorium lead sent to Professor Hönigschmid in 1916 through Professor Kammerlingh Onnes; letters exchanged with Professor Haas,O.Hönigschmid, Stefan Meyer. See also 228,230

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/230  1942; 1950; 1957

Misc. corr. with Robert A.Lawson,Fritz A.Paneth (to M.Howorth), tributes to Stefan Meyer by Lawson and Paneth re loan of thorium lead and events in 1914 - 18 War. See also 228,229

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/231  1930

*Corr. with John A.Cranston;testimonial by Soddy supporting Cranston's application for Chair of Chemistry,Bangor

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/232  1935

From E.F.Armstrong

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/233  1935 - 36

Corr. with W.A.Noyes re controversy over priority of discoveries of atomic disentegration and isotopes

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/234  1936

From A.W.Stewart,on Soddy's retirement

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/235  1936

From Sir John Townsend on measurements of 'e' and 'e/m'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/236  1937, 1957

From Sir Cyril Hinshelwood;includes letter to N.Howorth from Hinshelwood

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/237  1938

Corr.with Professor A.S.Eve during preparation of Eve's The Life of Rutherford

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/238  1938

Letter to Nobel Committee for Chemistry,suggesting Fritz Paneth and George de Hevesy as candidates for Nobel Prize

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/239  1939; 1957

Corr. with Professor Norman Feather during preparation of Feather's biography of Rutherford; includes letter from Feather to N.Howorth

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/240  1939

Letter from Dr. S.T.Bowden on early use of term 'isotope'

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/241  1939

Letters from Edgar C.Thrupp(Vancouver) on predictions of magnetic storms

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/242  1939

From Sidney A.Reeve

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/243  1940

Corr. re patents on rare-earth elements including thorium

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/244  1942 - 43

Corr. with Harry W.English

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/245  nd

Document on 'Relativity Nonsense' by Robert Harvey

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/246  1942; 1957 - 58

Corr. with Sir James Chadwick; includes letters from Chadwick to M.Howorth

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/247  1945

Corr. with Dr. F.W.Lanchester on gravity and radioactivity

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/248  1945

Corr. with Sir Charles Darwin, on energy

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/249  1945

Invitation to visit Moscow,Academy of Sciences USSR

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/250  1946 - 53

Corr. with Morris W.Travers; includes two versions of Soddy's unpublished letter to NATURE correcting Otto Hahn's New Atoms 1950,with addendum dated 1953

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/251  1946 - 49

Corr. with Morris W.Travers re collaboration of Ramsay and Soddy in 1903; contains information on expts.carried out and dates of work

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/252  1947

Letter from People's Common Law Parliament

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/253  1948

Letter re lecture at Economic Reform Club and Institute

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/254  1949 - 51

Corr. with C.H.Collie and Kurt Mendelssohn re Soddy's radioactive materials; with related offprints

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/255  1950

Letter from Sir Richard Gregory

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/256  1951, 1953

Corr. with Herbert Marcus Powell

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/257  1951

Controversy on priority of claims of Wm.Higgins and John Dalton in modern atomic theory.; includes Ms of Soddy's letter to NATURE May 5,1951, in response to J.R.Partington's letter of Jan 20,1951; further corr. with J.R.Partington and Frits Paneth.Also includes one letter from Paneth dated 1941

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/258  1952 - 53

Misc. personal correspondence

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/259  1953

Letter from E.R.Pounder,thanking Soddy for gift of articles

[no title]  CSAC 14.8.74/IX/260  1953

Corr. with Sir Harold Hartley re Soddy's early ideas on atomic energy; includes cuttings of 2 articles by Soddy written 1903,on 'Recent Advances in Radioactivity' and 'Possible future applications of radium'

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