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SWINTON, Maj Gen Ernest (Dunlop) (1868-1951)

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Reference Swinton
Covering dates 1916-1941, 1970
Held by Kings College London, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
Extent 3 boxes or 0.03m³
Conditions of access Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.
Conditions of copying Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military. Archives, attention of the College Archivist.
Source of acquisition Presented to the Centre by the family in 1962. The Scrapbooks were placed in the Centre by All Souls College, Oxford, in 1980.
Creators Swinton, Sir Ernest Dunlop, 1868-1951, Major General
Arrangement The papers have been arranged according to the following rules:
SWINTON B printed books, manuals, pamphlets
SWINTON C correspondence, letter books
SWINTON P photographs
Supplementary information Summary guide entry on-line and due to be published in hard copy.
Related information The papers of Brig Sir James Edward Edmonds include correspondence with Swinton, 1919-1950 (Ref: GB99 KCLMA Edmonds). The papers of Capt Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart include correspondence with Swinton, 1925-1949 (Ref: GB99 KCLMA Liddell Hart 1/670).
The Brynmore Jones Library, Hull University, have 62 letters and cards from Swinton to O A Forsyth-Major, 1925-1947 (Ref: DFM). The papers of Maj Gen Edward Louis Spears at the Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge University, contain correspondence with Swinton, 1922-1940 (Ref: SPRS 1/323). The papers of Rufus Daniel Isaacs Reading, 1st Marquess of Reading, include letters from Swinton, 1917-1925 (Ref: MSS Eur E 238, F 118).
Other papers can be found at the Royal Armoured Tank Museum
Bibliography Under the pseudonym of Backsight Forethought, The defence of Duffer's Drift. A few experiences in field defence for detached posts which may prove useful in our next war (William Clowes and Sons, London, 1904); The truth about Port Arthur by E K Nozhin, edited by Swinton (John Murray, London, 1908); under the pseudonym of Ole Luk-Oie, The great tab dope (W Blackwood and Sons, London, 1915) and A year ago: eyewitness's narrative of the war from March 30th to July 18th, 1915, with Alan Ian Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland [1916]; The Russian Army and the Japanese War, being historical and critical comments on the military policy and power of Russia and on the campaign in the Far East by Aleksei Nikolaevich Kuropatkin, edited by Swinton (John Murray, London, 1909); The tanks (Gill and son, London, 1917); The study of war (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1926); translation of Albert, King of the Belgians in the Great War by Emile Joseph Galet (Putnam, London, 1931); Eyewitness. Being personal reminiscences of certain phases of the Great War, including the genesis of the tank (Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1932); translation of An Eastern odyssey. The third expedition of Haardt and Audouin-Dubreuil by Georges Lefèvre (Victor Gollancz, London, 1935); Twenty years after. The battlefields of 1914-18, then and now (George Newnes, London, 1936); War commentary. Broadcasts delivered between October, 1939 and March, 1940 (Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1940); The green curve omnibus (Faber and Faber, London, 1942); Over my shoulder. The autobiography of 'Major General Sir Ernest D Swinton (George Ronald, Oxford, 1951)

Administrative history:
Born 1868; educated at University College School, Rugby School, Cheltenham, Blackheath Proprietary School and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; commissioned into the Corps of Royal Engineers, 1888; served in India, 1889-1894; Lt, 1891; Assistant Instructor in Fortification, School of Military Engineering, Chatham, Kent, 1896-1899; Capt, 1899; served in Second Boer War, South Africa, as Adjutant and later, Commanding Officer, 1 Bn, Railway Pioneer Regt, 1899-1902; awarded DSO, 1900; Staff Capt, Army Headquarters, War Office, 1905-1907; Maj, 1906; Chief Instructor in Fortification and geometrical drawing, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, 1907-1910; Secretary, Historical Section, Committee of Imperial Defence, employed on the British Official History of the Russo-Japanese War, 1910-1913; awarded the Chesney Gold Medal, 1913; served in World War One, 1914-1918; Deputy Director of Railway Transport, 1914; Assistant Secretary (Military), Committee of Imperial Defence and War Cabinet, 1914-1917; Lt Col, 1915; originator of tanks, 1915-1916; temporary Col, 1915-1917; raised Heavy Section, Machine Gun Corps, 1916; Brevet Col, 1917; awarded CB, 1917; lecture tour of USA, 1918; retired 1919; Honorary Maj Gen, 1919; Controller of Information Department of Civil Aviation, Air Ministry, 1919-1921; Director, Citroen Company, 1922-1951; created KBE, 1923; Chichele Professor of Military History, Oxford University, 1925-1939; Col Commandant Royal Tank Corps, 1934-1938; died 1951.

Papers and correspondence relating to Swinton's Libel action brought against Herbert George (H G) Wells on the origin of the tank, 1941, including letters to Swinton from R Adm Sir Murray Fraser Sueter, H G Wells, B A Levinson and Sir Richard (Roy) Maconachie, 1940-1941. Typescript letter from Col Sir Maurice Paschal Alers Hankey, Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, dated 5 May 1932, on the manuscript of Swinton's book Eyewitness. Being personal reminiscences of certain phases of the Great War, including the genesis of the tank (Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1932). Two scrapbooks containing cuttings, photographs and memorabilia, 1915-1970, mostly relating to Swinton's military career. Edition of The supply of munitions. Part III. Tanks [1920], Royal Commission on awards to inventors. First Report (HMSO, London, 1921), The defence of Duffer's Drift by Swinton, (George Ronald, Oxford, 1949), and War commentary. Broadcasts delivered between October, 1939 and March, 1940 (Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1940).

Printed books, manuals, pamphlets  SWINTON B  [n.d.]

Dr Ante Trumbic. A declaration to the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, rejecting the manifesto of Kaiser Karl. The last leaflet used by the Allies in world war I  SWINTON B/1  28 Oct 18

Printed sheet
In 4 languages with typed translation into English

History of the Ministry of Munitions. Vol. XII. The Supply of Munitions. Part III. Tanks.  SWINTON B/2  1920

Printed. Pamphlets

Royal Commission on awards to inventors. First report. Presented to Parliament 1921. Cmd 1112.  SWINTON B/3  1927

Reprinted. Pamphlet

Maj-Gen Swindon. A war commentary. Broadcasts delivered between Oct 39 and Mar 40.  SWINTON B/4  1940

Printed. Pamphlet.

Maj-Gen Swinton. The defence of duffer's drift. 1st published 1904. New edition with foreword by FM Earl Wavell.  SWINTON B/5  1949

Printed. Bound volume

Correspondence, letters books  SWINTON C  [n.d.]

Lt-Col Sir Maurice Hankey to Maj-Gen Swinton. Suggesting alterations to latter's book in draft, Eyewitness. Correspondence of Maj-Gen Swinton with the BBC, Admiral Sir Murray Sueter and H.G. Wells regarding the origins of the tank.  SWINTON C/1  5 May 32, 3-15 May 40, 24 May - 21 Aug 41

Photographs  SWINTON P  [n.d.]

Pass to Elveden explosives area issued to 2nd Lt J.G. Scott by Lt-Col J.G. Brough. [Royal Machine Artillery; Commanding Heavy Section UGC]. Marked "Willies" (tanks) and Pass to secret area.  SWINTON P/1  Nov 1916

Design for Tanks Corps badge of a rhinoceros with the motto "Push On". Endorsed and initialled by Maj-Gen Swinton.  SWINTON P/2  undated

Design for Tank Corps shoulder flash. (Printed in Eyewitness, p 259.) Endorsed and dialled by Maj-Gen Swinton.  SWINTON P/3  undated

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