Kensington Infirmary and Kensington Workhouse were administered by the Kensington Board of Guardians until 1930. Kensington Workhouse became known as Kensington Institution in 1912 and Kensington Infirmary became St Mary Abbot's Hospital in 1923. In 1930 when the London County Council took over the two hospitals, St Mary Abbot's Hospital was designated a type A hospital for the acute sick, and Kensington Institution became a type B hospital for the chronic sick. In 1931 on the retirement of the Master of Kensington Institution, the hospital was placed under the charge of a Medical Superintendent as a first stage in integrating the two hospitals. This was carried a step further in 1933 when the Institution was renamed St Mary Abbot's Hospital (Institution).
From 1938 St Mary Abbot's Hospital became St Mary Abbot's Hospital (I) and St Mary Abbot's Hospital (Institution) became St Mary Abbot's Hospital (II), until 17 June 1944 when Hospital (II) was closed due to enemy action. The two hospitals were eventually united formally in 1948 when they were taken in to the National Health Service.
In 1948 St Mary Abbot's Hospital was assigned to the Fulham and Kensington Hospital Management Committee of the South West Metropolitan Region. On 1 October 1960 the Fulham and Kensington Hospital Management Committee was amalgamated with the Chelsea Hospital Management Committee to form the Chelsea and Kensington Hospital Management Committee which administered the hospital until 1974. At that date it became part of the Kensington and Chelsea and Westminster Area Health Authority, within the North West Thames Regional Health Authority. In 1982 the hospital became part of the Victoria Health Authority, and in 1986 it is part of the Riverside Health Authority.
From 1948 to 1955 the hospital was a general hospital with approximately 400 beds. From 1955 to 1972 it was designated an acute hospital. From 1972 to 1984 it specialised in Ear, Nose and Throat cases, geriatrics and psychiatrics, with geriatric and psychiatric day hospitals from 1978. During this period the number of beds at the hospital was 230 approximately. From 1984 the hospital has been designated a long-stay hospital.
The Metropolitan Ear, Nose and Throat hospital was absorbed into the Marloes Road site in 1953, and now exists as a separate hospital with 27 beds in 1986.
The oldest part of Kensington Workhouse, later known as Stone Hall, was built in 1847. A separate infirmary was built on the same site in 1871. Until 1875 the main dining hall behind the workhouse was used for chapel services. A legacy of £2,500 from Eliza France, wife of one of the Kensington Guardians, then made it possible to build a chapel to serve both the workhouse and the infirmary. The chapel was designed by A.W. Blomfield in the Early English style and was dedicated to St Elizabeth of Hungary.
The chapel was demolished in 1974 and was replaced by a modern chapel dedicated by the Bishop of Kensington in an ecumenical service on 8 June 1977. The hospital closed in 1992 on the opening of the new Chelsea and Westminster Hospital on the site of St Stephen's Hospital, Fulham Road.
A. RECORDS OF THE HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION
Instructions to Gate Porters 1931-1944
Inventories and stock lists 1909-1968
B. RECORDS OF PATIENTS ADMINISTRATION
Admission and discharge registers 1926-1932
Admission and discharge book and creed registers Hospital I 1932-1943
Admission and discharge books. Hospital I and combined hospital (L.C.C./N.H.S.) 1943-1950
Admission and discharge books. Hospital I (E.M.S.) 1943-1947
Admission and discharge book and creed registers Hospital II 1933-1943
Admission and discharge books. Hospital II (L.C.C.) 1943-1944
Admission and discharge books. Hospital II (E.M.S.) 1943-1944
Urgent admissions order book 1949
Premature discharge book 1930-1936
Index registers of patients 1937-1948
Creed registers. Infirmary, later Hospital I 1875-1933
Creed registers. Hospital II 1930-1932
Maternity registers and related records. Hospital II 1930-1944
Registers of births 1872-1952
Registers of deaths. Infirmary, later Hospital I 1886-1937
Registers of deaths. Kensington Workhouse 1915-1930
Mortuary register 1942-1954
Post mortem examination books 1930-1938
Register of bodies removed to School of Anatomy 1920-1946
Registers of operations 1951-1958
Medical examinations of lunatics 1932-1937
Casualty register (males) 1958
Vaccinator's registers 1929-1946
Notifications of admission and discharge of tuberculosis patients 1936-1938
C. RECORDS OF MATRON'S OFFICE AND NURSING STAFF
Registers of officers. Infirmary 1887-1948
Register of officers. Workhouse 1923-1932
Nursing staff registers. Infirmary/Hospital I/combined hospital 1891-1970
Nursing staff registers. Hospital II 1930-1942
Records of service and conduct 1930-1950
Nurses' monthly reports 1904-1935
Testimonial book 1908-1932
D. FINANCIAL RECORDS
Receipt and payment book 1930
Relief order book. District 2. 1932-1941
Cash books 1938-1945
Donations account 1937-1943
G. CHAPLAIN'S RECORDS
Registers of baptisms 1877-1920
Registers of services 1896-1977
Chaplain's journals 1928-
History of the hospital 1991-1993