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Reference ACC/2166
Covering dates 1901 - 1965
Held by London Metropolitan Archives
Extent 107 files
Creators Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company Limited; Rubber Tyre Manufacturing Company; Dunlop Holdings Limited; Dunlop Rubber Company Limited
Bibliography P F Jennings: Dunlopera: The Works and Workings of the Dunlop Rubber Company (1961)
G Jones: The Multinational Expansion of Dunlop, 1890-1939 (1986)
R H A Storrs: Dunlop in War and Peace (1946)
A P Du Cros: Wheels of Fortune: a Salute to Pioneers (1938)

Administrative history:
The Dunlop Rubber Company takes its name from John Boyd Dunlop, the first person to put the pneumatic principle into everyday use by making an air filled tube tyre for bicycles. However, he was only involved with the company from 1889 to 1894, when he joined a rival firm, Tubeless (Fleuss) Pneumatic Tyre Company.
The original company was the Pneumatic Tyre and Booth's Cycle Agency Ltd, founded in 1888 in Dublin. The name Dunlop Rubber Company was first used in 1889 for a private company created to serve as one of the manufacturing units for the founder company. This founder company changed its name several times: in 1893 to the Pneumatic Tyre Company Limited; in 1896 to the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company Limited and in 1913 to the Parent Tyre Company Limited. In 1931 the founder company went into liquidation.
In the meantime, Harvey Du Cros (who had helped to form the Pneumatic Tyre and Booth's Cycle Agency Ltd.) was providing finance to Byrne Bros., a Birmingham business engaged in the production of general rubber goods. In 1896 Byrne Bros. underwent flotation on the stock market as the Rubber Tyre Manufacturing Company based at Para Mill with the intention of building a new factory, Manor Mills, alongside it. Du Cros purchased the Manor Mills and the Rubber Tyre Manufacturing Company in 1900 and 1901 respectively, and the two companies were amalgamated to form the Dunlop Rubber Company Limited. This company purchased the founder company in 1912.
In subsequent years Dunlop expanded into a vast multinational organisation. By 1946 there were 90,000 shareholders and 70,000 employees with factories in, any different countries, sales outlets in nearly every country, and rubber plantations in southeast Asia (from 1910). Apart from merely producing tyres, the Dunlop Rubber Company Limited made cycle rims and motor car wheels fro,,, 1906 and in 1914 developed a process of spinning and doubling cotton for a new tyre fabric. A collapse in trade in 1922 after the post World War 1 boom led to financial and administrative reorganisation, but the inter war period also saw the development of Latex foam cushioning (sold by the subsidiary, Dunlopillo) and expansion by way of new factories in South Africa and India.
After World War II (during which Dunlop played a major part as suppliers of tyres and rubber goods to the Allied forces). Dunlop expanded further to produce sports goods, sponge rubber, precision bearings and adhesives. Dunlop Holdings Limited (encompassing the whole company) was bought by BTR plc in 1985.
An alphabetical list of subsidiaries and companies included in the Dunlop Rubber Company Limited Reports and balance sheets (ACC/2166/001-107) with an indication of the approximate date at which the name first appeared.
Name Date
Aberdeen Tyre Services 1956
Allington Finance Co Ltd 1958
Anode Rubber Co 1929
Argus Sports Co 1928
Australasia 1928
Aviation Division 1946
Bahau Rubber Co Ltd 1916
W R Barnes and Co Ltd 1955
W and A Bates Ltd 1927
Bemban Rubber Co Ltd 1913
Bibile Rubber Co Ltd 1913
Bintex 1949
W Briggs and Co Ltd 1931
British Hard Rubber Co Ltd 1954
C H Brittain and Co Ltd (Hanley) 1927
Brynmawr Rubber Ltd 1954
Brynmawr Rubber (Sales) Ltd 1954
John Bull Group 1959
Casey and Sons 1929
C H Ltd 1962
Clipper Tyre Co Ltd 1918
County Tyre House Ltd - Canterbury 1931
F A Davis Ltd 1925
Dengate Tyre Co Ltd 1955
Deutsche Dunlop Gummi Compagnie A-G 1923
Dreghorn Publications Ltd 1962
Dunlop Advisory Services Ltd 1957
Dunlop America 1923
Dunlop Gomm Kyokuto Kabushiki Kaisha (Kobe) 1927
Dunlop Malayan Estates Ltd 1940
Dunlop Malayan Industries Ltd 1961
Dunlop Pension Trust 1949
Dunlop Perdriau 1930
Dunlop Plantations Ltd 1918
Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co (S America) 1913
Dunlop Rayon Doublers 1949
Dunlop-Revere Thread Co Ltd 1933
Dunlop Rim and Wheel Co Ltd 1913
Dunlop Rubber Co Ltd 1901
Dunlop Rubber Co Ltd (Ceylon) Ltd 1923
Dunlop Rubber Co (Continental) Ltd 1913
Dunlop Rubber Co (Far East) Ltd 1927
Dunlop Rubber Co (India) Ltd 1913
Dunlop Rubber Co (Ireland) Ltd 1924
Dunlop Rubber Co (South Africa) Ltd 1913
Dunlop Rubber Co (South America) Ltd 1913
Dunlop Rubber Cotton Mills Ltd 1918
Dunlop Scotland Ltd 1949
Dunlop Special Products Ltd 1947
Dunlop Sports Co 1928
Dunlop Tire and Rubber Goods Co Ltd of Canada 1927
Dunlop Weatherprooofs Ltd 1947
Dutfield Rubber Industries 1956
Engineering Consultants 1961
Express Companies 1962
S L and M Feathers 1951
Flexible Saddles Ltd 1927
Gardner Bros 1930
Gemas Rubber Co Ltd 1913
Glovers (Thread Coverers) Ltd 1933
Gomali Rubber Co Ltd 1913
W Goodyear and Sons Ltd 1925
Gorrills 1962
Grimsby Tyre Co Ltd 1938
Guernsey Elastic Thread Co 1935
Harrogate Tyre Co Ltd 1938
Hollingsworth 1936
Hollingsworth Auto Elect Services Ltd 1955
Hood and Winterburn Ltd 1938
James Hoyle Ltd 1920
Hungarian Rubber Co 1927
Fred Hurtley and Son Ltd 1964
Improved Steel Co Ltd 1920
Industrial Developments Ltd 1939
International Latex Processes Ltd 1945
International Synthetic Rubber Co Ltd 1961
H James 1926
Johore Rubber Lands 1930
Lastex Yarn and Lactron Thread 1935
Latex Corporation of Ceylon 1951
Latex Holdings 1930
Leicester Brace and Garter Co 1929
John Letters Ltd 1957
Litesome Sportswear Ltd 1965
L L Tyre Service Ltd 1938
Macintosh Group (also known as the Northern Group) 1926
Including Charles Macintosh
Charles Macintosh depots: Sydney, Buenos Aires, Johanesburg, Dublin, Belfast, Brook Street
Macintosh Cable Co Ltd
Manchester Balata Belting
Broadhurst and Co Ltd
New Eccles Rubber Works Ltd
Casoid Ltd
Campbell Achnach and Co Ltd
Liverpool Rubber Co all 1926
Dela Rubber Co Ltd (Liverpool) 1927
Dela (London) 1928
Macinlop 1928
Macinlop (India) 1928
Macinlop (Ireland) 1928
Macinlop New Zealand 1928
Macinlop Polsce 1938
Macinlop (S Africa) 1928
Charles Macintosh (S America) 1928
Deutsche Macinlop 1928
Marsham Tyre Co 1935
Martins (Leicester) 1928
Midland Tyre Co Ltd 1938
Naaml Venn Nederlandsche Dr en bauder maatschappy 1922
Newton Services (Devon) Ltd 1956
Nigerian Plantations Ltd 1957
Nile Spinning and Doubling Co Ltd 1919
Overseas Trust Ltd 1952
Playlastic Toy Co Ltd 1947
Playlastic Toy Sales Co 1949
John Rain 1929
Rapid Tyre Service Ltd 1931
Redditch Mouldings Ltd 1955
Regent Tyre and Rubber Co Ltd 1938
Ross Spinning Co Ltd 1919
Rubber Curing Patents Syndicate Ltd 1954
Rubber Insurance Agencies Ltd 1951
Rubbermaid Ltd 1954
Edgar Sealey 1961
Segamat (Johore) Rubber Estates Ltd 1920
Semtex Ltd 1938
Shrewsbury and Challiner Tyre Co Ltd 1928
Slazengers Ltd 1959
Smallbone 1938
Sociedad Espanola Dunlop 1918
Societa Italiana Dunlop per I'Industria della Gomma 1913
Société Anonyme des Pneumatiques Dunlop 1919
South Lincs Tyre Co 1942
Spalding Companies 1962
Standamac 1929
Stella Group 1961
Straits Settlement Co 1927
Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd 1962
Terco 1953
Thompson's (Carlisle) Ltd 1938
Thread Holdings Ltd 1935
Tyerco (France) 1954
Tyre Disposals Ltd 1955
Tyre Economy Ltd 1957
Tyre Investment Trust (TIT) 1927
Tyre Machinery Syndicate 1928
Tyre (Scotland) Production Ltd 1955
Tyre Stores Ltd 1949
Tyremail 1937
Tyres (Scotland) Ltd 1955
Tyres (Scotland) Accessories Ltd 1955
Tyresoles Ltd 1953
United Reclaim Ltd 1961
Universal Tyre Co (Yorkshire) Ltd 1938
Virginia Rubber Co Ltd 1915
Welsh Tyre Service Ltd 1938
West Mills, Harlow 1929
Xetal Products 1949
Yorkshire Tyre and Rubber Co 1938

Consists of a complete set of reports and balance sheets from all the Dunlop national companies and subsidiaries; from 1901 to 1965. The reports consist of both printed (for national companies) and typescript (for subsidiaries) financial reports on a yearly basis, predominantly from January to December. These were reports presented to the Board of Directors which controlled Dunlop Rubber Company Limited. They contain audited balance sheets, profit and loss statements and notes on the accounts. However, the extent of detail varies from company to company. Some overseas holdings have presented reports and balance sheets in the indigenous language. 'Prints' are printed annual reports.
Most volumes of reports and balance sheets have a contents page inside the front cover, which gives a breakdown of Dunlop Rubber Company Limited into its various Divisions and Groups.

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