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Family correspondence of the Arkwright family of Rock House and Willersley Castle, Cromford


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Reference D5991
Covering dates 1789-1953
Held by Derbyshire Record Office
Extent 11 series
Source of acquisition These documents were donated to Derbyshire Record Office by a private individual in March 2003.
Creators Arkwright family of Cromford, Derbyshire; Arkwright family of Sutton Scarsdale; Arkwright, Richard, 1732-1792, Knight, engineer; Arkwright, Richard, 1755-1843, mill owner
Arrangement D5991/1 Richard Arkwright senior (1732-1792)
D5991/2 Letters to Richard Arkwright junior (1755-1843) from his children
D5991/3 Letters to Richard Arkwright junior (1755-1843) from various correspondents on personal matters
D5991/4 Letters to Richard Arkwright junior (1755-1843) from various correspondents on business matters
D5991/5 Mrs. Mary Anne Hurt (née Gell)
D5991/6 Charles Hurt senior
D5991/7 Mary Anne Arkwright (née Hurt), wife of Peter Arkwright
D5991/8 Charles Hurt junior
D5991/9 Mary Anne Arkwright, daughter of Peter and Mary Anne Arkwright (née Hurt)
D5991/10 Augustus Peter Arkwright (1821-1887), son of Peter and Mary Anne Arkwright
D5991/11 Miscellaneous correspondence
Related information For other Arkwright family papers, see D967, D978, D2387, D4476, D5464, and D6128.

Administrative history:
Richard Arkwright (1732-1792), the textile entrepreneur, established Cromford as the family home, first at Rock House and then at Willersley Castle, both in Cromford. His son, also Richard (1755-1843)), developed the banking side of the family's business. Richard Arkwright junior's grandson, Augustus Peter Arkwright (1821-1887), joined the Royal Navy at the age of 12 years and served until the 1850s, travelling extensively. He wrote to his parents in Derbyshire from many ports including: Barcelona; Valencia; Malta; and Marseilles in the Mediterranean, Barbados and Jamaica in the West Indies, Rio de Janeiro in South America, Sierra Leone and Bathurst in The Gambia. In 1842 he was part of the British fleet pursuing slave ships off the west coast of Africa. Arkwright on his vessel 'The Prompt' did succeed in capturing a slave ship and received a commendation from the Admiralty for his 'zeal and courage'.

Contents:
An unusual item is a copy letter written in 1845 to Captain William Kelly of the British frigate 'The Conway' by a member of the royal household in Madagascar. At this time the island was closed to Europeans. Its Queen, Ranavalona, was extremely hostile and enslaved any Westerners who landed. Captain Kelly was sent to demand redress for a shipwrecked British subject who had been made a slave. when this was refused, he attacked the capital Tamitave in June 1845.
The collections also includes letters from several members of the Arkwright family as children and two letters from Erasmus Darwin to Richard Arkwright junior.



Richard Arkwright senior (1732-1792)  D5991/1  1789-1802

[no title]  D5991/1/1  1789

Contents:
Letter - Gylbert Bluett to Richard Arkwright senior (1732-1792) asking Mr. Arkwright to lend Mr. Bluett a sum of money to but the deeds to a property which he had been renovating, 17 Jul 1789

[no title]  D5991/1/2  [undated - c.1790]

Contents:
Letter - B Thornhill to Richard Arkwright senior (1732-1792) re arrangements for a meeting in Matlock on Mon 22 Sep, 16 Sep

[no title]  D5991/1/3  1790

Contents:
Letter - M Brown to Richard Arkwright senior (1732-1792) regarding a portrait pictures of Mr. Arkwright, Lord George, and Mr. Maynard, May 1790

Letters to Richard Arkwright junior (1755-1843) from his children  D5991/2  1800-1828

[no title]  D5991/2/1  1800

Contents:
Letter to Richard Arkwright from his son Peter in Windsor, 6 Jul 1800

[no title]  D5991/2/2  [undated - early 19th cent.]

Contents:
Letters to Richard Arkwright from his son Richard informing his father as to his vacation plans

[no title]  D5991/2/3  1828

Contents:
Letters to Richard Arkwright from his son Richard in Wretham near Thetford concerning a shooting trip, 4 Jan 1828

[no title]  D5991/2/4  [undated - early 19th cent.]

Contents:
Letters to Richard Arkwright from his son Robert, apologising from being unable to lend his father a carthorse

Letters to Richard Arkwright junior (1755-1843) from various correspondents on personal matters  D5991/3  1792-1800

[no title]  D5991/3/1-11  1792-1800

Contents:
Letters to Richard Arkwright from various correspondents on social and personal matters, 7 Oct 1792 - 3 Nov 1800

Letters to Richard Arkwright junior (1755-1843) from various correspondents on business matters  D5991/4  1792-1828

[no title]  D5991/4/1-27  1792-1828

Contents:
Letters to Richard Arkwright from various correspondents on business matters, 7 Sep 1792 - 18 Jul 1828

Mrs. Mary Anne Hurt (née Gell)  D5991/5  1794-1797

[no title]  D5991/5/1  1794

Contents:
Letter - J Gell to her niece, Mrs. Mary Anne Hurt concerning family matters and social functions, 9 Sep 1794

[no title]  D5991/5/2  1797

Contents:
Letter -Mary Anne Hurt in Chester to her mother, Mrs. Mary Anne Hurt concerning school, 27 Jan 1797

Charles Hurt senior  D5991/6  1801

[no title]  D5991/6/1  1801

Contents:
Letter Charles Hurt senior to Mary Anne [Hurt] thanking her for her recent letter and informing her on family matters, 23 Oct 1801

Mary Anne Arkwright (née Hurt), wife of Peter Arkwright  D5991/7  1786-1891

[no title]  D5991/7/1-6  1786-1891

Contents:
Letters to Mary Anne Arkwright, 28 Jan 1786 - 27 Aug 1891

Charles Hurt junior  D5991/8  1806

[no title]  D5991/8/1  1806

Contents:
Letter - Charles Hurt junior to Peter Arkwright drawing compasrisons with Aberyswyth and Scarborough and recounting the times of Owain Glyndwr (a contemporary of Henry Hotspur); also telling of the comedians staying in Aberystwyth, whom he constiders to be 'inferior to our Wirksworth theatricals', 22 Sep 1806

Mary Anne Arkwright, daughter of Peter and Mary Anne Arkwright (née Hurt)  D5991/9  1816-1820

[no title]  D5991/9/1-7  1816-1820

Contents:
Letters from Mary Anne Arkwright to her parents Peter and Mary Anne Arkwright, mainly sent from Mrs.Chawner's Wirksworth School, 30 Mar 1816 - 24 Feb 1820

Augustus Peter Arkwright (1821-1887), son of Peter and Mary Anne Arkwright  D5991/10  1828-1953

Administrative history:
Augustus Peter Arkwright went to school at Seaforth near Liverpool between 1829 and 1832. He then attended Portsmouth Naval College in 1833 at the age of 12 years old. He left there in June 1835 and joined HMS Barham at the age of 14. Upto July 1850, Augustus served on the HMS Barham, HMS Curacoa, HMS Stag, HMS Pantaloon, and the HMS Caledonia.

[no title]  D5991/10/1-97  1828-1953

Contents:
Letters from Augustus Peter Arkwright, to his parents Peter and Mary Anne Arkwright, 16 Apr 1828 - 21 Oct 1853 including:
D5991/10/1 List of letters written by Augustus Peter Arkwright to his mother, his father, and his grandfather between Apr 1835 and Jul 1850 [post 1887]

Miscellaneous correspondence  D5991/11  1779-1910

[no title]  D5991/11/1  1844

Contents:
Letter to Peter Arkwright signed 'your obedient servant' concerning professional promotion, 15 Oct 1844

[no title]  D5991/11/2  1845

Contents:
Copy letter from member of the Royal household of Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar of Captain William Kelly, 22 [month not given] 1845

[no title]  D5991/11/3  1910

Contents:
Letter from Colonel R E Crompton to J G Crompton of Flower Lilies, Windley, Amber Valley, Derbyshire, 11 Apr 1910

[no title]  D5991/11/4  1779

Contents:
Administration of the goods of Annie Forrester, widow, deceased, 23 Mar 1779

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